Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willd.) Spreng.
  • Syst. Veg.


This taxon is accepted by Bixaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willd.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(2): 406. 1827; Bombax vitifolium Willd.

Arboles o arbustos, 3–15 m de alto. Hojas con 5–7 lobos elípticos a oblongos, acuminadas, subenteras a serradas, glabras o pubescentes en el envés. Panícula terminal amplia, flores actinomorfas, 8–12 cm de ancho; pétalos ampliamente obovados, emarginados, amarillos; ovario 1-locular, con 5 placentas parietales. Cápsula suberecta a colgante, ampliamente ovada a obovada umbilicada, valva exterior de color café obscuro, gris o verdoso, afelpada o glabra, valva interna de color ocre a crema, glabra; semillas reniformes con tricomas blancos gosipinos.

Común en bosques deciduos, matorrales o malezas, mayormente en vegetación secundaria o a orillas de caminos, en todo el país; 0–850 m; fl dic–mar, fr feb–jun; Araquistain 492, Stevens 5790; norte de México a Ecuador y noreste de Brasil, Bolivia, las Antillas. Un género pantropical con 12 especies, 4 de ellas neotropicales. "Poro poro", "Tecumajoche".

Tree 5-12 m high, the trunk 5-10 cm in diam, relatively few-branched, the branchlets minutely puberulous, becoming glabrous. Leaves with the petioles slender, to 30 cm long, minutely puberulous when young, the stipules small, sub- ulate, soon caducous; blade cordate-subeircular in outline, usually (3-)5-palmat- ifid, sometimes (3-)5-palmatilobed, to 30 cm in diam, the lobes with acute to, obtuse sinuses, with the apex acute to long-caudate or long-acuminate and minutely mucronulate, with the margins from distinctly crenate to crenulate-serrulate to sub- entire, and with the midvein prominent beneath, the upper surface slightly shiny and glabrous, the lower surface somewhat paler and finely puberulous especially along the veins to nearly glabrous. Inflorescences terminal and paniculate, the panicles erect and spreading. Flowers with the pedicels to 3 cm long, slightly elon- gated in fruit, puberulous; calyx subcoriaceous, minutely tomentellous and sparsely puberulous, the 2 outer sepals ovate to oblong-obovate, rounded (to sometimes acute?) at the apex, 12-18 mm long and 7-9 mm wide, the 3 inner sepals largely obovate to subrotund, rounded at the apex, 20-22 mm long and 16-20 mm wide; petals obovate, 5-6 cm long, yellow; filaments unequal, 8-20 mm long, glabrous, the anthers oblong-linear, ca 4-6 mm long; ovary subglobose, ca 7-8 mm in diam, puberulous; style to 35 mm long, glabrous. Capsules obovoid-ellipsoid, umbilicate, 5-valved, to 8 cm long, grayish-velvety-tomentellous; seeds reniform, 4-5 mm long, dark brown, densely whitish long-lanate.

Distribution

Mexico, Central America and northern South America; very common about the Canal Zone in Panama, especially on brushy hillsides (cf. Standley, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 27: 270-271, 1928); known locally as poro-poro; often cultivated.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Amapí
  • Amazonas
  • Parí
  • Rondônia
  • Roraima
  • Alagoas
  • Bahia
  • Ceará
  • Maranh
  • Paraába
  • Pernambuco
  • Piauá
  • Rio Grande do Norte
  • Sergipe
  • Minas Gerais

 Information From

Bixaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
MBG Floras Images
http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
  • C Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora de Panama
http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
  • D Missouri Botanical Garden
Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
  • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
Flora de Nicaragua
http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
  • F Missouri Botanical Garden
World Flora Online consortium
http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).