Ovary glabrous or slightly pubescent; style 1 or 2 mm. long; stigmas short.
Fruit globular, rarely ovoid, yellow, finally reddish, the style persistent as a short point, a little fleshy and berry-like at first, tardily dehiscent into 4 or 5 longitudinal sections when dry, 2–2.5(–4) cm. across; pericarp (2–)3–6 mm. thick.
Petals similar to the sepals, ± twice their size, with a fleshy pubescent elliptic or bilobed basal scaly appendage.
Flowers in axillary, spike-like, densely flowered racemes; rhachis stoutish, (0.5–)1–2–5(–4) cm. long, its lowest 2–3(–6) mm. without flowers; pedicels robust, 1(–2) mm. long.
Sepals unequal, suborbicular to elliptic, (2–)3–4(–5) mm. long, 1.5–3.5 mm. broad, ciliolate.
Shrub (rarely subscandent) or tree, rarely up to 20 m. tall, trunk up to 50 cm. across; bark grey, peeling in rounded scales.
Leaf-blades lanceolate to oblanceolate, rarely oblong or oblong-obovate, glabrous, glossy, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, entire or generally shallowly to (particularly on coppice shoots) more deeply spinulose-serrate, 7–16(–20) cm. long, (2–)2.5–6(–8.5) cm. broad; nerves 6–9 pairs, slightly raised on both faces, as is the rather dense reticulation; petiole 5–12(–15) mm. long, glabrescent; stipules narrowly oblong, ciliate, 5–7(–10) mm. long, caducous.
Seeds few, ovoid to subglobose, 6–10 mm. across.
Leaf-lamina 7–16 x 2.5–6 cm., oblanceolate-oblong to lanceolate-oblong, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin spinulose-serrate, lateral nerves in c. 7 pairs, slightly raised on both sides, venation laxly reticulate; petioles up to 1.2 cm.; stipules 5–7 mm. long, very caducous, narrowly oblong, ciliate at the margins.
Evergreen shrub or small tree up to c. 7 m. tall; vegetative parts quite glabrous except for the stipule margins.
Sepals 4–5, 1.5–3.5 mm. in diam., unequal, orbicular, imbricate, very concave, margin ciliolate otherwise glabrous.
Flowers in short, axillary, spike-like racemes usually 0.5–2 cm. long; peduncles 2–3 mm. long; pedicels stout, c. 1 mm. long, bracteoles 1 mm. long, very caducous, ovate, acute, with ciliate margins.
Seeds few, c. 1 cm. in diam., subglobose.
Stamens numerous; filaments white, 8 mm. long, glabrous; anthers oblong, anther-thecae c. 2 x 0.75 mm., slightly divaricate at the base.
Petals whitish-green, similar to the sepals but c. twice the size, also unequal; petaloid scales c. 0.7 x 0.35 mm., oblong or elliptic-oblong, rounded at the apex, margin ± ciliolate with a fleshy, pubescent, elliptic or more usually bilobed gland at the base.
Fruit yellow, c. 2.5 cm. in diam., globose, smooth, style persistent as a short point, slightly fleshy and berry-like at first, tardily dehiscent into 4–5 longitudinal sections when dry.
Ovary pinkish, narrowly ovoid, glabrous; style very short; stigmas 3–5, 1 mm. long, spreading.
Tree up to 15 m high. Branches glabrous. Leaf-blade elliptic, occasionally obovate, 10-15 cm long, 3-5.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, rarely acute, base narrowly cuneate to rounded, margins spinulose-serrate with incurved teeth, midrib prominent on both sides, lateral veins 6-9, more prominent below, curved, looping near margin, rigidly coriaceous, shiny, dark green above, paler below, glabrous; petiole 6-9 mm long, channelled, incurved. Flowers few; peduncles 1.2-2 cm long; pedicels 1-2 mm long. Sepals broadly ovate-triangular, 2-5 mm diam., concave, leathery, ciliolate along margin. Petals 3-5, unequal, broadly ovate-rotund, 3.5-8 mm long, 4-7 mm wide, concave, ciliolate along margin, 'deciduous'; petaloid scales elliptic-subrotund, 7 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, with somewhat fleshy tumid pubescent gland on inner face at base. Stamens: filaments 3-5 mm long; anthers narrowly ovate, slightly divaricate at base, 3.5 mm long. Ovary ellipsoid, 4-8 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, ridged; style almost none; stigmas 4-5, 1-1.5 mm long, spreading. Fruit yellow or green, 2.5-4 cm diam., with persistent style, 'tardily dehiscent into 4-5 longitudinal sections when dry' (Wild, 1.c.). Seeds few, subglobose, c. 1 cm diam.