Hirtella racemosa Lam.
  • Encycl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Hirtella racemosa Lam. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000833571. Accessed on: 26 Oct 2020'

General Information

Hirtella racemosa Lam., Encycl. 3: 133. 1789.

Arbustos o árboles pequeños. Hojas elípticas a oblongas, 3.5–19.5 cm de largo y 1.5–5 cm de ancho, acuminadas en el ápice con acumen 1–14 mm de largo, subcordadas a cuneadas en la base, con o sin glándulas en el envés, envés glabro o escasamente aplicado-pubescente, coriáceas, nervios primarios 6–10 pares, ligeramente prominentes en la haz, prominentes en el envés; pecíolos teretes, 1–3 mm de largo, glabros a pubérulos, eglandulares, estípulas lineares, 1.5–5 mm de largo, glabras a hirsútulas, eglandulares, persistentes. Inflorescencias racimos terminales y axilares, 5–12 cm de largo, raquis pubérulo a glabrescente, brácteas y bractéolas ovadas, 0.5–3 mm de largo, escasamente aplicado-pubescentes, persistentes, con pequeñas glándulas sésiles y planas o cóncavas, mayormente hacia la base, o raramente con una sola glándula sésil apical, flores 3.5–6 mm de largo, pedicelos 4–11 mm de largo; receptáculo campanulado, escasamente pubérulo a glabrescente por fuera, glabro por dentro excepto en la garganta; lobos del cáliz agudos, escasamente pubérulos por fuera, pubérulos por dentro, los márgenes eglandulares; pétalos glabros, rosados; estambres 5–7, unilaterales, los filamentos mucho más largos que los lobos del cáliz; estilo hirsuto hasta 1/3 de su longitud. Fruto elipsoide, epicarpo liso, glabro, mesocarpo delgado, carnoso, endocarpo delgado, duro, óseo, hirsútulo por dentro.

Dos variedades de H. racemosa se encuentran en Nicaragua. La tercera variedad, H. racemosa var. glandipedicellata Prance, se encuentra en el norte de Sudamérica.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    mm. in diameter, 2 mm. long; lateral veins 6-8 pairs, arcuate, slightly raised on both surfaces but not forming conspicuous ribs on either, often hardly visible on the upper; glands occurring on the lower surface of the blade near base, mostly nearly circular, about 0.2 mm. across, with raised rim and depressed center; stipules subpersistent, filiform-subulate, appressed-hairy, 2.5-5 mm. long, usually black in dried material, appressed to the branchlets. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes 12-15 cm. long (or up to 20-25 cm. including the basal leafy part of the growing branchlet terminated -by the raceme); "racemes" 30- to.40-flowered, flowering from base to apex but apparently always determinate, the terminal (bractless) flower abortive; lateral flowers on filiform "pedicels" 5-8 (-12) mm. long, spreading at right angles or somewhat ascending, each with two tiny bracte- oles near base or about one-third the distance from base to apex, the bracteoles often with sessile or stalked glands on the margins, and borne at the summit of a thickened peduncular portion of the flower-stalk (only the part beyond them being the pedicel proper); bracts subtending the flower-stalks lanceolate, usually re- curved, 1-2 mm. long, with basal marginal glands like those of the leaves (and sometimes a similar gland at apex); petals pink, purple or "rosy mauve", glabrous, broadly elliptic, rounded at both ends, 2-3 mm. wide, 3-5 mm. long; stamens 5-7, much exserted, purple, glabrous, the filaments 1.2-1.6 cm. long, fleshy at base and tapering to the very slender tips, arising separately from the fleshy hypanthium-rim which projects 1 mm. or less above the base of the calyx, absent from the segment of the rim opposite the insertion of the ovary or there represented by vestigial staminodia only; anthers about 0.6 mm. long; hypanthium in anthesis elongate- tubular, with hollow cylindric or oblong one-sided base up to about 1 mm. thick and 2 mm. long, and funnelform throat about 1 mm. long, the interior hairy about the summit of the throat, glabrous below; calyx-lobes oblong or elliptic, usually reflexed at anthesis, entire, rounded or subacute at apex, about 1-1.5 mm. wide, 2.5 mm. long, the outer surface with mixed short white and long yellow hairs, the inner surface glabrous proximally, distally white-tomentulose; ovary hirsute, sessile, attached to one side of the funnelform portion of the hypanthium above the bottom; style as in H. americana, but up to about 1.5 cm. long, arising from the flower toward the side where functional stamens are lacking (i. e. the side toward which the inflated base of the hypanthium is expanded). Fruit oblong- obovoid, sparsely hairy, dark red or purple, up to about 1.5 cm. long and 0.6 cm. in diameter, rounded at apex, the base substipitate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree, 2-3 (-6) m. tall, with slender pubescent branchlets 1-1.5 mm. in diameter below the inflorescence; hairs of two types, those of the young foliage and branchlets yellowish, appressed or erect, straight and slender, pointed, multicellular, 0.5-1.5 mm. long, these also abundant in the inflorescence but there mixed with tiny erect white hairs mostly 0.2-0.3 mm. long. Leaves elliptic to oblong, lanceolate, or ovate, glabrate, only a few long yellow hairs persistent on the veins (at least of the lower surface), a few of the hairs with papillose bases; blades subcoriaceous,'lustrous, 1.5-4 cm. wide, 3-8 cm. long, usually 2-3 times as long as wide, narrowed from the middle or above to a broad blunt or pointed acumen 1 cm. long or less, narrowed and rounded at base (or obtusely narrowed, with the extreme base rounded abruptly into the petiole); petiole short, stout, about 0.7

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Arbusto o árbol pequeño, o en ocasiones mediano, ramas jóvenes usualmente pubérulas aunque pueden variar de tomentulosas a glabras o esparcidamente híspidas. Hojas elípticas a oblongas, coriáceas, 3,5-16,5 (19,5) cm de largo, 1,5-7 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, acumen 1-14 (-25) mm de largo, subcordadas a cuneadas en la base, glabras o esparcidamente adpreso-pubescentes en el envés; venas primarias 6-10 pares, promínulas en la haz, prominentes en el envés; pecíolo 1-3 mm de largo, terete, sin glándulas, glabro a pubérulo. Estípulas 1,5-5 mm de largo, lineares, eglandulares, persistentes, glabras a hirsutulosas. Inflorescencia en racimos terminales y axilares, 5-29 cm de largo, raquis pubérulo a glabrescente. Flores de 3,5-6 mm de largo. Brácteas y bractéolas 0,5-3 mm de largo, esparcidamente adpreso-pubescentes, persistentes, usualmente con glándulas sésiles principalmente hacia la base, o con una sola glándula grande redonda y cóncava, glandulares o eglandulares en el ápice, si son glandulares, entonces la bráctea tiene una lámina aplanada; brácteas muy raramente eglandulares. Receptáculo campanulado, esparcidamente pubérulo a glabrescente por fuera, glabro por dentro excepto en la garganta; pedicelos 1,5-11 mm de largo; lóbulos del cáliz agudos, esparcidamente pubérulos por fuera, pubérulos por dentro; pétalos 5, glabros, rosados; estambres 5-7, unilaterales; filamentos bastante más largos que los lóbulos del cáliz, glabros o esparcidamente hirsutos hacia la base; ovario inserto en el ápice del receptáculo, piloso-tomentoso; estilo hirsuto en el tercio inferior de su longitud. Fruto elipsoide; epicarpo liso, glabro; mesocarpo delgado, carnoso; endocarpo delgado, duro, óseo, hirsútulo por dentro.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Colombia
    • Habit

      Shrub tree

    • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Guerrero and British Honduras to Panama, northern South America, and south in the Amazon Basin to central Brazil, eastern Peru and eastern Bolivia; lowlands, in forests and thickets.

    • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Parí

       Information From

      Chrysobalanaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Colombia
      http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      Betancur B. Julio., Aguirre-C. Jaime., Amat-G. Germán. (eds.) (2018–): Flora de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Published in http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      • D Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Global Tree Search
      https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
      BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
      • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International