Chrysobalanus icaco L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Guajiru


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Chrysobalanus icaco L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000830291. Accessed on: 26 Oct 2020'

General Information

Chrysobalanus icaco L., Sp. Pl. 513. 1753.

Arbustos o árboles pequeños, hasta 5 m de alto. Hojas orbiculares a ovado-elípticas, 2–8 cm de largo y 1.2–6 cm de ancho, retusas o redondeadas en el ápice con un acumen obtuso de hasta 2 mm de largo, subcuneadas en la base, glabras, nervios primarios inconspicuos; pecíolos 2–4 mm de largo, estípulas 1–3 mm de largo, deciduas. Inflorescencias címulas pequeñas, terminales y axilares, con tomento gris-café; receptáculo cupuliforme, tomentoso; lobos del cáliz redondeados a agudos; pétalos más largos que los lobos del cáliz, glabros, blancos; estambres 12–26, filamentos unidos parte de su longitud en grupos pequeños, densamente pilosos; ovario insertado en la base del receptáculo, piloso, carpelo 1-locular. Fruto ovado a obovado, 1.8–5 cm de largo, epicarpo liso con crestas longitudinales, mesocarpo delgado y carnoso, endocarpo delgado y duro con superficie exterior lisa, acostillado.

Común en áreas costeras, en matorrales en playas y sabanas y en el interior en márgenes de lagos y bosques bajos de galería, zonas atlántica y pacífica; 0–70 m; fl y fr todo el año; Sandino 2239, Stevens 20091; Estados Unidos (Florida) al sur de Brasil y también en Africa. Un género con 3 especies, las otras de las Antillas Menores y Venezuela. "Icaco", "Tawa".

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Low shrub 1-2 m. high, or prostrate, or a medium-sized tree up to 5-6 m. high, glabrous or essentially so except in the inflorescence and on very young growth, where strigose; bark of the branchlets reddish-brown, smooth except for the very numerous and conspicuous pale lenticels. Leaves varying considerably from one plant to another, elliptic to obovate or stiborbicular, rounded or emarginate at apex or when elliptic narrowed to an obtuse apex, cuneate to acute or rounded at base, up to about 8 cm. long and 6 cm. wide, (1-) 1.5-2 times as long as wide, on stout petioles 2-4 mm. long; blades dark green and lustrous above, dull beneath and usually with a depressed elliptic glandular area about 0.5 mm. long on each side of the midrib at extreme base; small veins prominently reticulate on both sides of the blade, the primary lateral veins mostly 4-6 pairs, straight at base but curving and anastomosing before reaching the margins. Flowers white, in short-peduncled axillary cymes shorter than the leaves (mostly 2-4 cm. long, with 8-20 flowers), the cyme-branches often strongly flattened and 1-1.5 mm. wide, often glabrescent near the base, the tips densely pale-strigose like the hypanthium, the flowers and the tips of the cyme-branches appearing silvery white to the unaided eye; cymes usually naked in anthesis, the ovate, acute, finely glandular-ciliate bracts 1.5-2 mm. long but very soon deciduous; petals 5, glabrous, oblanceolate or spatulate, 3-5 mm. long, 2-3 times as long as wide, the tips rounded, often erose, the bases cuneate; stamens about 20 (up to 30, according to Hooker) in one series, the filaments pale (?white), about 5 mm. long or less, hirsute on the inner surface except on the distal third, the flattened bases coherent a third or half the length of the filaments into a cylinder; anthers about 0.5 mm. long, ?pink or ?purplish; hypanthium campanulate or turbinate, at anthesis about 3 mm. long and wide, the inner surface hairy, the long-hirsute ovary sessile at the bottom of the tube, the filiform style 6-7 mm. long, hirsute except at tip, erect, with a minute terminal stigma; calyx-lobes triangular-ovate, acute or blunt- tipped, heavily pubescent, the margins glandular-ciliate but otherwise entire. Fruit globose or oval, 2-5 cm. long, white to pink or purple, edible, with white juicy insipid flesh, the stone 1-2 cm. long with 5-6 acute longitudinal ribs.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Petals c. 0·25 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sepals c. 0·15 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Drupe variable in shape and size, ovoid, ellipsoid or obovoid, up to 5 cm. long, usually smaller.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence axillary, up to 3 cm. long, but usually much less, a raceme of cymules, or a congested complex cyme, or flowers in subsessile fascicles.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stamens c. 0·3 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina suborbicular to lanceolate-elliptic, apex emarginate to acuminate, glabrous except for a few appressed hairs on both surfaces; petiole 0·2–0·4 cm. long; stipules intrapetiolar, 0·3 cm. long, boat-shaped, 2-fid, caducous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Evergreen shrub or tree up to 30 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Receptacle-tube c. 0·15 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Arbusto o arbolito hasta de 5 m de alto, ramas glabras y lenticeladas. Hojas orbiculares a ovado-elípticas, 2-8 cm de largo, 1,2-6 cm de ancho, retusas o redondeadas o con un acumen romo corto, no mayor de 2 mm de largo, subcuneadas en la base, glabras en ambas caras; venas primarias inconspicuas; pecíolo 2-4 mm de largo. Estípulas deciduas, 1-3 mm de largo. Inflorescencia en címulas pequeñas terminales y axilares, con tomento marrón-grisáceo. Receptáculo cupuliforme, tomentoso dentro y por fuera; cáliz con 5 lóbulos redondeados a agudos; estambres 12-26; filamentos fusionados en grupos pequeños en parte de su longitud, densamente peludos; ovario piloso. Fruto ovado a obovado, 1,8-5 cm de largo; epicarpo liso con costas longitudinales; mesocarpo delgado y pulposo; endocarpo delgado y duro, con el exterior liso, costado.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Colombia
    • Distribution

      Tropical America, from Florida and Tamaulipas southward through the West Indies and Central America to northern Brazil and to Ecuador; tropical West Africa; near sea level, in beach thickets and coastal swamps; often planted inland.

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Espirito Santo
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      GuajiruPortuguese
      Ajurú-brancoPortuguese

       Information From

      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Chrysobalanaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • E
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Colombia
      http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      Betancur B. Julio., Aguirre-C. Jaime., Amat-G. Germán. (eds.) (2018–): Flora de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Published in http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      • H Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Global Tree Search
      https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
      BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
      • J Botanic Gardens Conservation International