Basella alba L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • bertalha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Basella alba L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000823202. Accessed on: 17 Apr 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual. Stems green or red, to 10 m, fleshy, glabrous. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade ovate or rotund, 3-9 × 2-8 cm, base shallowly cordate or rotund, margin entire, apex acuminate. Spikes 3-15(-20) cm. Bracteoles oblong. Perianth red-dish or purplish, ovate-oblong, 3-4 mm, base pale, margin entire, apex blunt. Filaments white; anthers yellowish. Utricle red to dark red or black, 5-6 mm in diam., containing violet juice. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Jul-Oct.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    1. Basella alba

    L., Sp. Pl. 272 (1753). Neotipo: (designado por Sidwell, 1999): Nepal, Nicolson 2848 (BM!). Ilustr.: D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66: 113, t. 2 (1979). N.v.: Espinaca.

    Por K. Sidwell.

    Basella cordifolia Lam., B. lucida L., B. nigra Lour., B. ramosa Jacq., B. rubra L.

    Hojas (13-)25-65(-80) × (10-)25-55(-68) mm, la base cortamente angostada a truncada o ligeramente cordata, la lámina cortamente decurrente en los pecíolos, el ápice redondeado-obtuso con una nervadura principal excurrente; pecíolo (2-)5-15(-18) mm, frecuentemente rojizo. Inflorescencias (11-)20-60(-115) mm, con flores frecuentemente agrupadas hacia el ápice; brácteas 1-2 × 0.7-1.2 mm, con la nervadura media oscura, excurrente en el ápice; bractéolas 1.4-1.6 × 0.9-1 mm, agudas. Sépalos 3-4 × 2-2.5 mm, anchamente ovado-elípticos, curvados alrededor de la corola, matizados de rosado hacia la punta; pétalos 1.9-2 mm, ovados, fusionados hacia la base, los márgenes disparejos; estambres erectos, los filamentos 1-1.2 mm, las anteras 0.8-0.9 mm; ovario 0.7-0.9 mm; estilos 0.5-0.8 mm. Fruto 3.5-5 mm de diámetro (4-7 mm de diámetro incluyendo al perianto), brillante, pardo. Vegetación secundaria, orillas de caminos, terrenos cultivados. B (Hedger 262, BM); H (Standley 52670, US); P (Burch et al. 1125, MO). 0-1500 m. (Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Guyana, Perú, Brasil, Antillas, Europa, Asia, África.)

    Basella alba es muy variable en cuanto a tamaño y forma de las hojas y con base en esto ha sido dividida en varias especies. Se piensa que esta especie se originó en el Viejo Mundo (van Steenis, 1957). Es un cultivo importante en los trópicos; se vende con el nombre de espinaca, como planta para ensaladas.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Succulent glabrous herb becoming a slender, twining vine, the stems at first stout, to 2 cm thick, green, after several months of growth and attaining height of 15-45 cm, narrowing, sometimes abruptly and becoming slender, elongate and climbing. Leaves sessile or short petiolate, 4-7 cm long, entire, fleshy, ovate, often broadly so, the juvenile leaves often larger, apically rounded, obtuse or acute, basally cuneate, truncate, or cordate, the lateral venation somewhat obscure, ca. 5 veins on each side, minor venation obscure; petioles stout, to 8 cm long or wanting. Inflorescences axillary or subterminal spikes to 15 cm long, the rachis stout or slender depending on the maturity of the plant; flowers subsessile or pedicellate on juvenile forms, situated on the apical portion of the rachis; bract scalelike; bracteoles calyxlike, 1-2 mm long, acute. Flowers perfect, sepals white, pink, or red, 3-5 mm long, united to above the middle, urceolate to cylindrical, the 5 lobes broad, short, cucullate; stamens included, inserted at the base of the perianth lobes, the filaments short, the anthers cordate, included; ovary conical, l-locular, sometimes partitioned, the 3 styles slender, papillose pilose. Fruit a dark purple or black baccate drupe, the perianth parts enlarged, succulent and enveloping the globose seed and ovary.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    Perennial twining herb. Stem stout at the base, 1.5-2.0 cm in diameter, upper branches slender, fleshy and climbing. Leaves dark green, broadly ovate, 5-13 cm long and 2.5-8 cm broad, acute or acuminate, basally cordate, cuneate or truncate; petiole 0.5-3 cm long. Inflorescence an axillary or terminal spike, 8-14 cm long; rachis stout. Flowers white, pinkish or red, subsessile, remaining closed at anthesis. Sepals 3-5 mm long, united up to the middle, lobes short, 2-3 mm broad, cucullate. Bracts scaly, small; bracteoles similar to calyx, acute. Stamens included; filament short. Anther cordate. Ovary 1-locular. Fruit black or dark purple enclosed within the persistent fleshy calyx, c. 1.0 cm long. Seed globose, indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    A climber, cultivated in vegetable gardens; sometimes subspontaneous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Leaves: lamina 2.5–15 × 2.0–12.5 cm., ovate to circular, usually acute or acuminate, sometimes rounded or emarginate at apex, usually cordate at base, entire, lateral nerves 3–4 (5) on either side; petioles 0.5–9 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences axillary, long peduncled, usually unbranched spikes, 1.5–22 (30) cm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Plant 1–8 m. tall; stems much branched, sometimes sparsely leaved, sometimes reddish.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Fruit 4–5 mm. diam., subglobose, black.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Style with 3 linear stigmas, 0.5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary 0.5 mm. tall, ovoid.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens inserted near apex of tube.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Perianth somewhat fleshy, urceolate, lobes c. one-quarter length of tube, remaining closed.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Flowers 2.5–6 mm. long, white, pink or mauvish.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Perianth fleshy, urceolate, somewhat saccate at the base; lobes short, ovate, about one-third the length of the tube, not opening.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruits ± 0.5 cm. in diameter (4–7 × 5–10 mm. according to van Steenis), red, white or black; surface crinkly in the dry state.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Fig. 1/1–10.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Glabrous annual or shortly lived perennial, succulent tangled twiner; stems much branched, 2–10 m. long, sometimes almost leafless, greenish or reddish.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaf-lamina ovate to suborbicular, (2–)5–15 cm. long, (l.25–)5–13.5 cm. broad, acute or acuminate (less commonly obtuse), usually widely cordate at the base; lateral nerves 4–5 on either side; petiole (1–)2.5–6.5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers white, rose or purplish, (3–)4–5 mm. long, in long-peduncled spikes, 2.5–15(–25) cm. long, usually unbranched (in African specimens at least) but branched in some cultivated forms.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Herbe' vivace, glabre.' Tige' grêle peu ramifiée, atteignant plusieurs mètres de haut et 0,5 cm de diam.; entre-nœuds de 5-12 cm de long.' Feuilles' à pétiole de 3-5 cm de long; limbe un peu charnu, entier, typiquement cordé, apiculé-aigu, mais parfois (en culture?) obtus et même suborbiculaire ou ovale, de 5-12 cm de long et de 4-8 cm de large, les feuilles supérieures plus petites. Épis axillaires, pouvant atteindre 25 cm de long (fructifiés) dont 1/3 pour le pédoncule, mais ordinairement plus courts.' Fleurs' ± 20 par épi, formant en bouton, un cône dense, puis séparées, les inférieures d'abord, par des entre-nœuds de ± 1 cm de long; périgone blanc, ovoïde, de 5 mm de long.' Fruit' subsphérique, de 5-6 mm de diam., rouge violacé ou noir (les fleurs supérieures avortent souvent en culture?).' Graine à tégument brun et albumen farineux.

  • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • herb vine

    • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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      Habitat

      Bords des chemins en forêt, lisières, galeries, endroits frais et arborés en savanes, jusque vers 2000 m d'altitude au Ruwenzori (souvent cultivé et échappé des cultures?).

    • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      Uses

      La plante, qui se laisse bouturer, est souvent cultivée, ses feuilles constituant un légume apprécié tant des blancs que des indigènes; les fruits sont mangés au Ruanda en, temps de disette.

    • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Mato Grosso

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      bertalhaPortuguese

       Information From

      Basellaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
      • F http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • J
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • K Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • L
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).