Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis
  • in Fl. Males.
  • Madeira-vine


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000822997. Accessed on: 08 Dec 2019'

General Information

Vines twining, with thick, hardy rhizome. Leaves shortly petiolate; leaf blade ovate to subcordate, 2-6 × 0.5-5.5 cm, thinly fleshy, base rounded or cordate, apex acute, producing small axillary tubercles (bulbils). Racemes many flowered; rachis pendent, thin, 7-25 cm. Bracts not longer than pedicel, narrow, persistent. Pedicel 2-3 mm, receptacular tip cupular, flowers shed from here. Lower bracteoles broadly triangular, hyaline, apex acute, persistent; upper bracteoles greenish white, flattened, orbicular to broadly elliptic, shorter than perianth. Flowers ca. 5 mm in diam., fragrant. Perianth white, inflexed, patent in anthesis; segments ovate or oblong to elliptic, 3 × 2 mm, apex blunt. Stamens white; filaments reflexed at apex in bud, spreading in anthesis. Style white, split to 3 stigmatic arms, each with 1 club-shaped or broadly elliptic stigma. Utricle and seed not seen. Fl. Jun-Oct.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Stems twining to 5 m, often producing single or clustered axillary tubers. Leaves: petiole 6-12 mm; blade ovate to orbicular, 2-10 × 1-7 cm, base of larger leaf blades proximal to inflorescences cordate, base of small distal leaf blades tapering, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences racemes or in branched panicles of racemes, 10-35(-60) cm; single bract subtending each pedicel triangular-lanceolate, 1-2 × 0.3-0.4 mm; paired bracts subtending each flower persistent, triangular to obtuse, 0.6-1 × 0.5-0.6 mm, basally connate into cup. Flowers bisexual, usually functionally staminate; sepals basally adnate to petals, cream-white, not winged in fruit, ovate to elliptic, 1.2-2.3 × 1.1-2 mm, apex obtuse; petals basally connate, cream-white, ovate to elliptic, 2.1-3 × 1.4-2 mm, apex obtuse, spreading at anthesis; stamens fleshy; filaments basally connate and dilated, 1.9-3.5 mm; anthers early deciduous, 0.7-0.9 mm; pistils 0.4-0.6 mm; styles 1-1.5 mm, basally connate for 1/2-2/3 their length; stigmas clavate to capitate; pedicel 1-3 mm. Utricles rarely producing viable seeds, style bases persistent, globose, 0.8-1.1 mm. 2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    3. Anredera cordifolia

    (Ten.) Steenis, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 1, Spermatoph. 5: 303 (1957).

    Por K. Sidwell.

    Boussingaultia cordifolia Ten., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 3: 19: 355 (1853). Tipo: Cult. en Italia, Anon. (NAP?). Ilustr.: Martínez-García y Avendaño-Reyes, Fl. Veracruz 90: 5, t. 1 (1996), (como Boussingaultia cordifolia).

    Hojas (12-)20-85(-123) × (8-)20-90(-105) mm, ovadas, la base cordata, los márgenes enteros, el ápice agudo o redondeado, algunas veces ligeramente hendido con un mucrón corto. Inflorescencias (30-)150-200(-250) mm, axilares; brácteas 0.6-1 mm, triangulares, generalmente menos de 1/2 la longitud del pedicelo; bractéolas 0.5-0.8 mm, rómbicas; pedicelo 1.6-2.2 mm. Flores bisexuales, blancas, volviéndose negras al madurar; sépalos 1.1-2.2 × 1-1.2 mm, anchamente ovados a anchamente elípticos, redondeados y curvados hacia adentro en el ápice; pétalos 1.5-3 × 1.5-2.1 mm, anchamente elíptico-oblongos, incurvándose el ápice; estambres con los filamentos (1.5-)1.9-2.1 mm, connatos en la base, las anteras 0.8-1.1 mm; ovario 0.4-0.5 mm; estilo 1, 1.3-1.5 mm, 3-lobado en el ápice; estigmas 0.3-0.5 mm. Fruto no visto. Áreas alteradas, jardines, paredes. Ch (Matuda s.n., UC); G (Ruano 415, US); H (Rodríguez 3000, F); ES (Calderón 741, US); CR (Ramírez y Morales 227, MO). 600-2100 m. (Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Brasil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Antillas, Bermuda, Europa, Asia, África, Australia.)

    Ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada. Esta especie ha sido tratada por muchos autores, incluyendo Standley y Steyermark (1946), como coespecífica con Anredera baselloides (Kunth) Baill. de los Andes (syn. = Boussingaultia baselloides Kunth). Sperling (1987) consideró a las dos como especies separadas, basándose en una serie de características florales bastante variables (A. cordifolia tiene un estilo tripartito; sépalos de 1/2 a 1/3 la longitud de los pétalos; un pedicelo más largo, pétalos naviculares; estambres fusionados en gran parte y bractéolas fusionadas en un par) y esta diferencia se mantiene aquí.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Pernambuco
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Madeira-vine

       Information From

      Basellaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • D Flora of North America Association
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).