Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don
  • Gen. Hist.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000819442. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2020'

General Information

Subshrubs or perennial herbs to 1 m tall, erect or decumbent. Young stems puberulent. Leaves obovate or elliptic, 2.5-9 X 1-3.5 cm, herbaceous, apex minutely apiculate; lateral veins 7-11 pairs. Corolla red to pink or white and then mostly with a pink or less often yellow eye; tube 2.5-3 cm, pilose inside, throat villous; lobes broadly obovate, 1.2-2 cm. Follicles 2-3.8 cm X ca. 3 mm. Fl. spring-autumn. 2n = 16.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    1. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don., Gen. Hist. 4: 95 (1837). Vinca rosea L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10), 2: 944 (1759). Lectotipo (designado por Codd, 1963): Miller, Fig. Beaut. Pl. 2: t. 168 (1757). Ilustr.: Liogier, Fl. Española 5: 346, t. 177-7 (1989).

    Por J.F. Morales.

    Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb. ex Endl.

    Hierbas arbustivas hasta 1.5 m; ramitas subcilíndricss o levemente aplanadas, puberulentas. Hojas con pecíolos 0.5-1.5 mm; láminas 2-7.2 × 0.7-3.2 cm, elípticas, angostamente elípticas o espatuladas, membranáceas, las nervaduras conspicuas en ambas caras, la base obtusa, el ápice obtuso-mucronado. Inflorescencias con 1-3 flores; pedicelos 2-3 mm; brácteas 1-2 mm. Flores con los sépalos 2-6 mm, ovados, acuminados apicalmente; corola blanca, color color crema, rosada, lila o variegada, el tubo 2-2.6 cm, la garganta 2-3 mm de diámetro, los lóbulos 1.4-2.5 cm, obovados, extendidos; anteras 2-2.5 mm; ovario c. 1.5 mm; nectarios igualando al ovario. Folículos 2-3.3 × 2.5-3 mm, puberulentos a glabrescentes; semillas 2-3 mm. Cultivada, ocasionalmente escapada en sabanas, naturalizada en playas arenosas. Ch (Martínez S. 9665, MEXU); Y (M é ndez 42, CICY); QR (Chater et al. 31, BM); B (Spellman 1488, MO); G (Standley 6668, F); H (Saunders 771, INB); ES (Flores s.n., LAGU); N (Moreno 7216, MO); CR (Khan et al. 820, MO); P (Tyson 2642, MO). 0-1800 m. (Nativa de Madagascar; cultivada y escapada en los trópicos.)

    Esta especie ha sido altamente cultivada y manejada horticulturalmente, por lo que existe una amplia gama de variación en el color de sus flores.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 95. 1837; Vinca rosea L.

    Hierbas con látex acuoso. Hojas opuestas, oblongo-elípticas a obovado-elípticas, 2–7 cm de largo y 1–4 cm de ancho, ápice inconspicuamente apiculado, base obtusa a cuneada. Inflorescencia con pocas flores purpúreas o blancas en las axilas de las hojas superiores, sésiles; sépalos sublineares, 2–3 mm de largo; corola hipocrateriforme, tubo hasta 3 cm, los lobos ampliamente obovados, 1–2 cm de largo. Frutos 2 folículos erectos, apocárpicos, cada uno 2–3 cm de largo y 2–3 mm de ancho; semillas glabras, sin alas.

    Cultivada y también naturalizada como maleza en áreas secas; 0–200 m; fl la mayor parte del año; Araquistain 41, Moreno 7216; nativa de Madagascar. El género consta de 4 especies más, mayormente endémicas de Madagascar, pero 1 en la India. "Primorosa".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Suffrutex up to 1 m high, perennial, woody at the base, herbaceous above; stems glabrous or thinly pubescent. Leaves opposite, obovate, oblong or oblanceolate, apex rounded or, rarely, subacute, apiculate, base cuneate, 4-8 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, membranous to thinly coriaceous, glabrous or finely pubescent; secondary nerves indistinct; petiole 2-5 mm long; axillary glands forming a fringe, the outer longer than the inner. Stipules 0. Flowers axillary in the upper leaves, solitary or paired, subsessile, pink or white, or white with a pink centre. Calyx divided nearly to the base; sepals 5, linear-subulate, 4-6 mm long, glabrous or pubescent. Corolla salver-shaped; tube slender cylindric, 2.3-2.6 cm long and 2-2.5 mm in diameter, mouth constricted, thickened, pubescent; lobes broadly obovate, apiculate, 1.6-2 cm long. Stamens 5, inserted near the mouth; anthers 2 mm long, subsessile. Disc replaced by 2 linear-subulate glands 2 mm long alternating with the carpels. Ovary of 2 free carpels; style filiform, stigma at the level of the anthers, capitate with a reflexed hyaline frill at the base; ovules numerous, 2-seriate. Fruit of two follicular mericarps (or one by abortion) erect, slightly spreading; follicles 2.5-3.5 cm long, cylindric, striate. Seeds numerous, oblong, 2 mm long, black, rugose, grooved on one face; cotyledons flat, slightly shorter than the radicle; endosperm scanty.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 1 m high. Flowers axillary in upper leaves, solitary or paired, subsessile. Fruit of 2 follicular mericarps or 1 by abortion, erect. Flowers pink or white or white with pink centre.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    A weed of waste places in warm, dry areas, sometimes cultivated in gardens.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Weed of waste places in warm, dry areas.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).