Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
  • Niger Fl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000778884. Accessed on: 15 Nov 2019'

General Information

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. 463. 1849; Bignonia africana Lam.

Arboles hasta 15 m de alto. Hojas pinnadas, mayormente 7–9-folioladas; folíolos variables en forma. Inflorescencia una panícula simple con el eje central alargado, colgando bajo las ramas inferiores mediante pedúnculos largos (flagelifloras); cáliz cupular, 5-dentado, 2.5–4.5 cm de largo; corola campanulada en la parte superior y tubular en la base, café obscura, con rayas verdosas por fuera; ovario cilíndrico, 10–11 mm de largo; disco grande, anular-pulviniforme, 3 mm de largo y 12–13 mm de ancho. Fruto cilíndrico, hasta 80 cm de largo y 8 cm de ancho, indehiscente, colgante.

Probablemente cultivada en Nicaragua. Género probablemente monotípico, nativo de las sabanas africanas y cultivado en todas las zonas tropicales.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Diagnostic Description

    This species shows great variability in habit and foliar morphology, and this led Sprague to create 10 species and 4 varieties. Aubreville and Sillans recognised later only one species with 3 varieties: Kigelia africana var. africana, var. aethiopica (Decne.) Aubrev. ex Sillans and var. elliptica (Sprague) Sillans, for W. Africa. Although we recognise that the specimens growing in woodlands and in forests present a tendency to produce large leaflets with acute apices, entire margins, dense indumentum and weak consistence, as opposed to the tendency in specimens from open areas, to produce smaller leaflets, with rounded apices, toothed margins, glabrescent and coriaceous consistence. We noticed all steps of variability to occur, and thus believe that they are mere ecoforms.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    A medium-sized tree 20-50 ft. high

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Fruits like long sausages

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Flowers variable in colour, purplish-red, purple-yellow, orange, greenish-yellow, and sometimes spotted with darker reddish colours

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Stamen-filament 3.5–6.5 cm. long, adnate up to 1–2.5 cm. from the base of the corolla tube; anthers 7–13 mm. long; staminode rather large.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Disk c. 1 cm. in diam. 2–3 mm. high, fleshy, irregularly lobed, sometimes almost truncate.

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    Ovary 8–15 mm. long, cylindrical; style 4–7(8) cm. long, filiform.

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    Fruit sausage-shaped up to 1 m. long and 18 cm. in diam., pendulous from a long peduncle, greyish-brown, lenticellate in the youth, massive, wood-walled, indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 9
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    Seeds 10 x 7 mm. numerous, wingless, embedded in a fibrous pulp; testa coriaceous; cotyledons folded.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 9
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    Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, imparipinnate, crowded towards the tops of the branches; leaflets (1) 2–5-jugate, sessile or subsessile, except the terminal ones with petiolule (0.7)1–4(6.5) cm., long; leaflet lamina 3.5–17.5 (22.5) x 2.5–11 cm., ovate elliptic, obovate to rounded, apex obtuse, broadly tapering to rounded or retuse ana not so often apiculate, base rounded to cuneate, slightly to profoundly asymmetric except in the terminal leaflet which is asymmetric, glabrous to more or less hairy in both surfaces sometimes more roughly hairy in the superior one, papyraceous to coriaceous, margins entire, serrate or toothed and sometimes conspicously wavy; lateral nerves (4)6–13 pairs impressed above, prominent below, venation laxly reticulate; petiole (2)3.5–14(16) cm. long; rhachis 3–25 (29) cm. long, sulcate above, terete below.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Medium or large sized tree up to 25 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Calyx shortly tubular to campanulate, (1.7)2–4.3 cm. long, irregularly 4–5 lobed with the lobes up to 1 cm. long, ribbed, glabrous to sparsely puberlous outside, sometimes with irregularly scattered small glands.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 9
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    Flowers in pendulous very lax, terminal panicles, 30–100 (150) cm. long, longly pedunculate; pedicels 1–11 (13.5) cm. long, upcurved at the tip; bracts small lanceolate caducous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla large, 6–12 cm. long, widely cup-shaped, at first yellowish, later becoming reddish to purplish, streaked darker inside and outside, glabrous except sometimes at the point where the filaments become free; limb bilabiate, the superior lip bilobed, the lower one 3-lobed and recurved, lobes more or less rounded; corolla tube cylindrical at the base and suddenly widening and incurving upwards.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Medium or large sized tree up to 25 m tall. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, imparipinnate, crowded towards the tops of the branches; leaflets (1)2-5-jugate, sessile or subsessile, except the terminal ones with petiolule (0.7)1-4(6.5) cm, long; leaflet lamina 3.5-17.5(22.5) x 2.5-11 cm, ovate elliptic, obovate to rounded, apex obtuse, broadly tapering to rounded or retuse and not so often apiculate, base rounded to cuneate, slightly to profoundly asymmetric except in the terminal leaflet which is asymmetric, glabrous to more or less hairy in both surfaces sometimes more roughly hairy in the superior one, papyraceous to coriaceous, margins entire, serrate or toothed and sometimes conspicously wavy; lateral nerves (4)6-13 pairs impressed above, prominent below, venation laxly reticulate; petiole (2)3.5-14(16) cm long; rhachis 3-25(29) cm long, sulcate above, terete below. Flowers in pendulous very lax, terminal panicles, 30-100(150) cm long, longly pedunculate; pedicels 1-11(13.5) cm long, upcurved at the tip; bracts small lanceolate caducous. Calyx shortly tubular to campanulate, (1.7)2-4.3 cm long, irregularly 4-5 lobed with the lobes up to 1 cm long, ribbed, glabrous to sparsely puberlous outside, sometimes with irregularly scattered small glands. Corolla large, 6-12 cm long, widely cup-shaped, at first yellowish, later becoming reddish to purplish, streaked darker inside and outside, glabrous except sometimes at the point where the filaments become free; limb bilabiate, the superior lip bilobed, the lower one 3-lobed and recurved, lobes more or less rounded; corolla tube cylindrical at the base and suddenly widening and incurving upwards. Stamen-filament 3.5-6.5 cm long, adnate up to 1-2.5 cm from the base of the corolla tube; anthers 7-13 mm long; staminode rather large. Disk c. 1 cm in diam. 2-3 mm high, fleshy, irregularly lobed, sometimes almost truncate. Ovary 8-15 mm long, cylindrical; style 4-7(8) cm long, filiform. Fruit sausage-shaped up to 1 m long and 18 cm in diam., pendulous from a long peduncle, greyish-brown, lenticellate in the youth, massive, wood-walled, indehiscent. Seeds 10 x 7 mm numerous, wingless, embedded in a fibrous pulp; testa coriaceous; cotyledons folded.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Tree, up to 25 m high. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, imparipinnate, crowded towards ends of branches. Flowers in pendulous, lax, terminal panicles. Fruit sausage-shaped, indehiscent. Flowers yellowish at first, becoming reddish to purplish, streaked darker inside and outside.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Arbol, por lo menos 15 m de altura, 5-7 cm de DAP, copa extendida; ramas jóvenes pubescentes con frecuencia huecas. Hojas imparipinnadamente compuestas, general-mente 7-9-pinnadas; peciolos 3.3-4.0 cm de largo; pinnas 1.9-11.6 x 1.4-6.8 cm, opuestas a subopuestas, elipticas a eliptico-obovadas, superficie conspicua y diminutamente papilosa e irregularmente lepidota, pubescencia de pelos simples sobre los nervios principales y en parte sobre el envés, base y ápice redondeados, pinnas basales más pequefias, las apicales más grandes. Inflorescencia una panicula simple, péndula, el eje central conspicuamente alargado, alcanzando las ramas inferiores. Cáliz 2.5-4.5 x 1.6-2.7 cm, grande, cupular, irregularmente dentado, glabro o subpubérulo, generalmente con zonas glandulares en la parte superior. Corola 7-9 cm de largo, 4-6 cm de diámetro en la parte superior del tubo, campanulada por encima de una base tubular, superficie interna marrón-rojiza oscura, superficie externa marrón-rojiza con lineas verdes en el exterior, glabra con epidermis glandular, pubescente al nivel de la inserción de los estambres. Estambres subexertos; filamentos basalmente pubescentes, el par más largo 4.9-5.1 cm de largo, insertos 1.2-1.3 cm por encima de la base del tubo; tecas 7-9 x 1.5 mm, ligeramente divergentes. Disco nectarífero 3 mm de largo, 12-13 mm de diámetro, grande, anular-pulviniforme. Pistilo 6-6.5 cm de largo; ovario 10-11 mm de largo, 3 mm de diámetro, cilíndrico, más o menos glandular-lepidoto, unilocular con placentas 2 parietales bifidas en el ápice, bilocular con placentas axilares en cada lóculo en la mayoria de su longitud; óvulos ca. 10-seriados en cada lóculo. Fruto hasta 80 x 8 cm, cilindrico, extremos redondeados, grande, colgante, indehiscente.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Colombia
    • Habitat

      In rain forests, open woodlands, fringing woodlands, xerophitic forests, or savanas; usually on sandy argillaceous soils.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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      • 11
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      Forests, open woodlands, savanna.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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      • 12
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      Distribution

      Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique. Widespread in tropical Africa.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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      • 11
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      Common Names

      The Sausage Tree

    • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 1
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        Bibliography

      • 1 Bignoniaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963
      • 2 "Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. ed. 2, 3: 242, t. 231"
      • 3 "Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 484, t. 111"
      • 4 Chev. Bot. 487
      • 5 "F.T.A. 4, 2: 536"
      • 6 incl. var. aethiopica (Decne.) Aubrév. ex Sillans and var. elliptica (Sprague) R. Sillans in Not. Syst. 14: 324 (1853).
      • 7 Sillans in Not. Syst. 14: 323 (1853)
      • 8 in Fl. Nigrit. 463 (1849)
      • 9 Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988
      • 10 Kigelia africana Benth., Flora de Nicaragua,Tropicos.org, 2009 Accessed February 2018.
      • 11 Diniz, MA. 1988. 124. Bignoniaceae. Fl. Zambes. 8(3): 61 - 85. Flora Zambesiaca Managing Committee, London.
      • 12 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
      • 13 Niger Fl.

       Information From

      Bignoniaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • D All Rights Reserved
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Flora de Colombia
      http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      Betancur B. Julio., Aguirre-C. Jaime., Amat-G. Germán. (eds.) (2018–): Flora de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Published in http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/floradecolombia
      • G Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Global Tree Assessment
      http://www.bgci.org/
      BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
      • J Botanic Gardens Conservation International
      International Union for Conservation of Nature
      https://www.iucn.org/
      IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
      • K All Rights Reserved
      International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
      https://www.iucnredlist.org/
      IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
      • L See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use