Jacaranda copaia (Aubl.) D.Don
  • Edinburgh Philos. J.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Jacaranda copaia (Aubl.) D.Don. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000778869. Accessed on: 15 Nov 2019'

General Information

Jacaranda copaia ssp. spectabilis (Mart. ex DC.) A.H. Gentry, Rhodora 79: 441. 1977; J. spectabilis Mart. ex DC.

Arboles grandes hasta 45 m de alto. Folíolos asimétricamente rómbico-elípticos, 1.5–8 cm de largo y 1.8–2.5 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base atenuada. Inflorescencia panículas terminales delgadas; cáliz cupular, 5-denticulado, 5–7 mm de largo; corola 3.2–5 cm de largo, puberulenta por fuera; anteras con 1 teca; ovario 2–2.5 mm de largo. Cápsula 6.2–12.7 cm de largo y 3.3–6 cm de ancho, lepidota a glabra.

Rara, probablemente común en bosques perennifolios en la zona atlántica; 40–100 m; fl mar; Little 25061, Moreno 23687; México a Bolivia.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Tree to 45 cm d.b.h. and 45 m tall, the trunk usually unbranched for most of its length and often somewhat flattened, young trees unbranched with a cluster of giant leaves at top, bark gray, smooth; twigs lepidote, subtetragonal, drying brown or blackish, the pith large, sometimes hollowed by ants. Leaves pinnately bicompound, 15-165 cm long, with 5-20 pinnae, each pinna 5-35 cm long with essentially wingless rachis and 5-25 sessile leaflets, these 1.5-8 cm long and 0.8-2.5 cm wide, asymmetrically rhombic-elliptic, acute to acuminate, asymmetrically attenuate, membranaceous, secondary veins 3-5 on one side and 4-6 on the other, lepidote with scabrous to puberulous midvein above and be- neath; drying dark brown above, olive beneath, petiole 3.5-29 cm long, the petiolules 2.5-4 cm long, petiole and petiolules lepidote to subpuberulous as on the main and lateral rachises. Inflorescence a narrow terminal panicle, its branches lepidote and subpuberulous to puberulous. Flowers with the calyx cupular, more or less truncate with 5 subequal teeth, pubescent with simple or branched trichomes, 5-7 mm long and 3-5 mm wide, eglandular; corolla purplish- blue outside and on the lobes and abaxially on the throat inside, white adaxially on the throat inside and at the base of 2 adaxial lobes, tubular-campanulate above a 7-10 mm x 3-4 mm basal constriction, 3.2-5.0 cm long and 0.8-1.9 cm wide at the mouth, the tube 2.3-3.7 cm long, the lobes 0.3-1.4 mm long, densely puber- ulent outside with simple, forked, and mostly short dendroid trichomes, the lobes dendroid pubescent inside, the tube glabrous adaxially and pubescent with mostly simple or forked trichomes abaxially, pubescent with gland-tipped trichomes at the level of stamen insertion; stamens didynamous, the anthers 1-thecate, 1.5-2.0 mm long, the anterior filaments 1.1-1.3 cm long, the posterior filaments 0.8-1.0 cm long, inserted 7-10 mm from the base of the tube, the staminode 2.4-2.7 cm long, bifurcate at the tip, glandular-pubescent with long simple trichomes on the tip and central portion; pistil 1.5-1.8 cm long, the ovary flattened-cylindrical, 2-2.5 mm long and 2-2.5 mm wide, 1.5 mm thick, glabrous, the ovules more or less 8-seriate in each locule; disc pulvinate, 1 mm long and 2.5 mm wide. Capsule compressed-oblong, the margins straight, not wavy, 6.2-12.7 cm long and 3.3-6.0 cm wide, somewhat lepidote to glabrous, drying brown or blackish; seeds small- bodied with a surrounding suborbicular wing, 1.0-2.0 cm long and 1.7-2.8 cm wide, the body 3-5 mm long and 3-4 mm wide, the wing hyaline-membra- naceous, with radial brownish striations, clearly demarcated from the seed body.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    ranges from British Honduras to Brazil, Peru, and the Guianas.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Maranh
    • Mato Grosso

     Information From

    Bignoniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International