Gloriosa superba L.
  • Sp. Pl.

This taxon is accepted by Colchicaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Rhizome usually forked, ca. 1 cm in diam., fleshy. Stem scandent, 2--3 m or more, rather slender. Leaves alternate or occasionally also opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 7--13 cm, apex long caudate with a tendril. Flowers nodding; pedicel 10--15 cm. Tepals reflexed, bright red, proximally tinged with yellow, linear-oblanceolate, 4.5--5 cm × 7--9 mm, base slightly clawed, margin much crisped. Filaments 3--4 cm; anthers ca. 1 cm. Style 2.5--3.5 cm; stigma lobes 6--7 mm. Fl. Jul--Aug. 2 n = 22, 88, 90.


A climbing plant. Stems terete, glabrous. Leaves about 10 cm long, 4-8 cm broad, ovate, long-acuminate into a tendril, glabrous. Flowers solitary; buds ovate in outline, winged. Pedicel up to 13 cm long, terete, glabrous, sharply bent at the apex. Perianth-segments at first a pale yellow in colour, changing to red above and yellow beneath when more mature, at first horizontal and then strongly reflexed, 5 cm long, 2 cm broad, lanceolate, acuminate, with a deeply channelled claw, keeled in the channel. Stamens at first pointing downwards, at length becoming horizontal and radiating, 2-7 cm long; anthers 1-2 cm long, 3 mm broad, linear. Ovary 1-7 cm long, deeply 3-lobed; style bent at right angles to the ovary, 3-8 cm long; lobes 3 mm long.

Flowers turning from yellow to red.


Extends from the Albany district through the eastern part of South Africa and into tropical Africa.



 Information From

World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
Flora Of CHina @
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
e-Flora of South Africa
e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
  • C South African National Biodiversity Institute
Plants Of the World Online Portal
  • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
International Union for Conservation of Nature
IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
  • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use