Gloriosa superba L.
  • Sp. Pl.


This taxon is accepted by Colchicaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Rhizome usually forked, ca. 1 cm in diam., fleshy. Stem scandent, 2--3 m or more, rather slender. Leaves alternate or occasionally also opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 7--13 cm, apex long caudate with a tendril. Flowers nodding; pedicel 10--15 cm. Tepals reflexed, bright red, proximally tinged with yellow, linear-oblanceolate, 4.5--5 cm × 7--9 mm, base slightly clawed, margin much crisped. Filaments 3--4 cm; anthers ca. 1 cm. Style 2.5--3.5 cm; stigma lobes 6--7 mm. Fl. Jul--Aug. 2 n = 22, 88, 90.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Common forest climber

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers turning from yellow to red.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary, axillary, sometimes terminal, different shades of yellow, orange, red, crimson, purple/mauve stripes or fading purple, often bicolored; pedicel erect, recurved apically, 3.5–18 cm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Perianth sometimes at the base connate into a short tube, up to 2 mm long; perianth segments (strongly) reflexed, base clawed, narrowly elliptic-linear, oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate to obovate, 29–85 mm long, 4–25(–38) mm wide, the margins sometimes crisped,apex acuminate to acute, sometimes falcate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Filaments filiform, sometimes flattened, 10–45 mm long; anthers straight to curved, 5.5–15 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Ovary 4–13 mm long, 1–5 mm wide; style 9–50 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Capsule 37–50 mm long, 10–14 mm in diameter; seeds 4 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, sometimes opposite or verticillate and clustered, sometimes clustered above the middle of the stem, sessile, base sometimes sheathing the stem, ranging from linear, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic to ovate, 6–17.5 cm long, 0.4–5 cm wide, apex acute, acuminate, falcate or ending in a tendril.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Herb, stem erect, simple or branched, sometimes not higher than 40 cm, or plant scandent or climbing, up to several meters long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    A climbing plant. Stems terete, glabrous. Leaves about 10 cm long, 4-8 cm broad, ovate, long-acuminate into a tendril, glabrous. Flowers solitary; buds ovate in outline, winged. Pedicel up to 13 cm long, terete, glabrous, sharply bent at the apex. Perianth-segments at first a pale yellow in colour, changing to red above and yellow beneath when more mature, at first horizontal and then strongly reflexed, 5 cm long, 2 cm broad, lanceolate, acuminate, with a deeply channelled claw, keeled in the channel. Stamens at first pointing downwards, at length becoming horizontal and radiating, 2-7 cm long; anthers 1-2 cm long, 3 mm broad, linear. Ovary 1-7 cm long, deeply 3-lobed; style bent at right angles to the ovary, 3-8 cm long; lobes 3 mm long.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Extends from the Albany district through the eastern part of South Africa and into tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Colchicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • G All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use