Gloriosa superba L.
  • Sp. Pl.


This taxon is accepted by Colchicaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Rhizome usually forked, ca. 1 cm in diam., fleshy. Stem scandent, 2--3 m or more, rather slender. Leaves alternate or occasionally also opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 7--13 cm, apex long caudate with a tendril. Flowers nodding; pedicel 10--15 cm. Tepals reflexed, bright red, proximally tinged with yellow, linear-oblanceolate, 4.5--5 cm × 7--9 mm, base slightly clawed, margin much crisped. Filaments 3--4 cm; anthers ca. 1 cm. Style 2.5--3.5 cm; stigma lobes 6--7 mm. Fl. Jul--Aug. 2 n = 22, 88, 90.

Morphology

A climbing plant. Stems terete, glabrous. Leaves about 10 cm long, 4-8 cm broad, ovate, long-acuminate into a tendril, glabrous. Flowers solitary; buds ovate in outline, winged. Pedicel up to 13 cm long, terete, glabrous, sharply bent at the apex. Perianth-segments at first a pale yellow in colour, changing to red above and yellow beneath when more mature, at first horizontal and then strongly reflexed, 5 cm long, 2 cm broad, lanceolate, acuminate, with a deeply channelled claw, keeled in the channel. Stamens at first pointing downwards, at length becoming horizontal and radiating, 2-7 cm long; anthers 1-2 cm long, 3 mm broad, linear. Ovary 1-7 cm long, deeply 3-lobed; style bent at right angles to the ovary, 3-8 cm long; lobes 3 mm long.

Flowers turning from yellow to red.

Distribution

Extends from the Albany district through the eastern part of South Africa and into tropical Africa.

Synonyms

  Bibliography

 Information From

Colchicaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
e-Flora of South Africa
http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions
e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
  • C South African National Biodiversity Institute
Plants Of the World Online Portal
https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
  • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
World Flora Online consortium
http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
International Union for Conservation of Nature
https://www.iucn.org/
IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
  • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use