Agave sisalana Perrine
  • Cogr. Doc.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Agave sisalana Perrine. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000754811. Accessed on: 05 Apr 2020'

Morphology

Plants short-stemmed, commonly suckering with elongate rhizomes, trunks 0.4-1 m; rosettes not cespitose, 15-20 x 15-25 dm. Leaves spreading, 90-130 x 9-12 cm; blade green, slightly cross-zoned when immature, lanceolate, firm, adaxially plane, abaxially slightly convex; margins straight, finely fibrous, typically unarmed, teeth single prickles when present, 1-2 mm, 2-5+ cm apart; apical spine dark brown, subulate, 2-2.5 cm. Scape 5-6 m. Inflorescences paniculate, open, often bulbiferous; bracts persistent, triangular, 0.5-2 cm; lateral branches 10-15(-25), ascending, comprising distal 1/2-2/3 of inflorescence, longer than 10 cm. Flowers erect, 5.5-6.5 cm; perianth greenish yellow, tube urceolate, 15-18 x 10-12 mm, limb lobes erect, equal, 17-18 mm; stamens long-exserted; filaments inserted ca. mid perianth tube, erect, yellow, 5-6 cm; anthers yellow, 20-25 mm; ovary 2-2.5 cm, neck slightly constricted, 2-4 mm. Capsules not seen. Seeds unknown.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized to large, stemless or short-stemmed, monocarpic, rosulate, leaf succulents. Rosettes up to 2 m tall at maturity. Profusely proliferous through elongated rhizomes. Leaves dark green, erect throughout, sword-shaped, apically very sharp-tipped. Leaf margins lacking teeth. Flowering pole massive, branched, tree-like, profusely bulbiliferous. Flowers erect, green to dull greenish white.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized to large, stemless or short-stemmed, monocarpic, rosulate leaf succulents to 2 m, proliferous on elongated rhizomes. Leaves dark green, erect, sword-shaped, pungent, margins lacking teeth. Flowering pole branched, tree-like, profusely bulbiferous, flowers erect, green to dull greenish white.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Medium-sized to large, stemless or short-stemmed, monocarpic, rosulate, leaf succulents. Rosettes up to 2 m high at maturity, profusely proliferous through elongated rhizomes. Leaves dark green, erect throughout, sword-shaped, apically very sharp-tipped; margins lacking teeth. Flowers: flowering pole massive, branched, tree-like, profusely bulbiferous; flowers erect, green to dull greenish white; Nov.-Feb., sporadically throughout year.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Dry Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Naturalised mainly in grassland vegetation.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Sandy places along roadsides and in hammocks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Erosion channels and watercourses.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Spreading from farms and gardens.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Introduced; Fla.; s Mexico.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Mainly in summer rainfall regions of southern Africa, invasive.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mainly SE southern Africa, introduced, probably from Mexico.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Native to Mexico.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte

      Bibliography

    • 1 Cogr. Doc.
    • 2 Reveal, JL; Hodgson, WC. 2002. Agavaceae: 7. Agave. Fl. N. Amer. 26: New York Botanic Garden, New York.
    • 3 Smith, GF. 2013. Agavaceae: Agave. 31 - 31. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Smith, GF; Klopper, RR. 2012. Agavaceae: Agave L. 51 - 51. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 5 Smith, GF; Klopper, RR; Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Agavaceae (including Anthericaceae in part). In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 828 - 831. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).