Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth
  • Catal. Bot.
  • corriola


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000747940. Accessed on: 30 Nov 2020'

General Information

45. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, Catal. Bot. 1: 36(1797). Convolvulusnil L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 219 (1762). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourt, (1957): Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 1:96, t. 80, f. 91 (1732). Ilustr.: Standley y Williams, Fieldiana, Bot. 24: 44, t. 5 (1970). N.v.:Campanita, Ch; tumba vaqueros, campanilla, campana, G; itzotz-cabil, Y.

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Ipomoea hederaceaauct. non Jacq., Pharbitisnil (L.) Choisy.

Hierbastrepadoras, anuales, herbáceas; tallos hasta 3-4 m, volubles o postrados,híspidos, los pelos amarillentos. Hojas 5-15 × 2-14 cm, ovadas a más o menosorbiculares, enteras a 3-5-lobadas, hirsutas, el ápice acuminado.Inflorescencias en cimas dicasiales. Flores 1-4; sépalos 1.5-2.5(-3) cm, más omenos iguales, linear-lanceolados, ligeramente ovados en la base, la basedensamente híspida, los pelos amarillentos, híspidos o estrigosos en las partesdistales, o distalmente glabra; corola(2-)3-6 cm, infundibuliforme, morada a azul, a veces blanca o roja, eltubo blanco o amarillo por dentro, glabra. Cápsulas 8-12 mm, redondeado-deprimidas, pardas al secarse, glabras;semillas 1-4, 4-9 mm, piriformes, pardo oscuro o negras, densamentecortamente pubescentes. Matorrales y campos cultivados, áreas húmedas. Ch (Breedlove y Smith 22561, DUKE); Y (Espejo et al. 1258, MEXU); C (Espejo et al. 1210, MEXU); QR (Cabrera 16962, MEXU); B (Arnason y Lambert17248, MO); G (Davis 648, MO); ES (Castillo ISF00441, MO); N (Moreno 3975, MO); CR (Haber y Zuchowski8875, MO); P (Burch et al.1214, MO). 10-1800 m. (S. Estados Unidos, México [probablemente todos losestados], Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayanas, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brasil,Argentina, Antillas; cultivada, introducida en el Viejo Mundo.)

  • Provided by: [N].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Herbs annual, twining, with retrorsely hirsute axial parts. Stems 2-5 m. Petiole 2-15 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate or nearly circular, 4-15 X 4.5-14 cm, hirtellous, base cordate, margin entire or ± 3- (or 5)-lobed, apex acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, 1- to few flowered; peduncle 1.5-18.5 cm; bracts linear or filiform, 5-8 mm, spreading hirtellous. Pedicel 2-7 mm. Sepals lanceolate, ± equal, 1-2.5 cm, abaxially spreading hirsute, subglabrous apically, with a linear acumen, hairs swollen based. Corolla pale to bright blue with whitish tube, fading to pinkish in age, funnelform, 5-6(-8) cm, glabrous. Stamens included, unequal. Pistil included; ovary glabrous, 3-loculed. Stigma 3-lobed. Capsule straw colored, ovoid to ± globose, 8-10 mm in diam., glabrous. Seeds black, ovoid-trigonous, 5-6 mm, gray puberulent. 2n = 30*.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, Catal. Bot. 1: 36. 1797; Convolvulus nil L.; Pharbitis nil (L.) Choisy.

    Trepadoras anuales; tallos herbáceos, volubles, densa a escasamente pubescentes con largos tricomas hirsutos. Hojas enteras a 3–5-lobadas, ovadas a suborbiculares, 5–15 cm de largo y de ancho, lobos agudos a acuminados en el ápice, cordadas en la base, hirsutas. Inflorescencias cimosas, raramente las flores solitarias; sépalos largamente lanceolados, 15–25 mm de largo, ápices linear-lanceolados, densamente largamente hirsutos al menos en el envés; corola infundibuliforme, 3–5 cm de largo, glabra, generalmente blanca o azul o purpúrea a casi roja. Frutos subglobosos a globosos, con frecuencia envueltos por los sépalos, 8–12 mm de largo y de ancho; semillas 7–11 mm de largo, piriformes, densamente puberulentas, café obscuras.

    Común en matorrales y áreas cultivadas en todas las zonas del país; 0–1700 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Castro 2275, Moreno 3975; Estados Unidos (Florida) hasta Sudamérica, también en las Antillas; introducida en el Viejo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Vines with large trichomes, annual, densely to scattered pubescent throughout. Leaves ovate to suborbicular, 5-15 cm long, entire or 3 (-5) -lobed, basally cordate, the lobes apically acute to acuminate, pubescent. Flowers in 1-5-flowered, often dense cymose clusters of mature and developing buds and flowers, sepals long- lanceolate, 15-25 mm long, with linear-lanceolate apices, densely long-hirsute; corolla blue, purple or almost scarlet, throat often white, 3-5 cm long, the limb 4-5 cm broad. Fruits capsular, subglobose to globose, 8-12 mm in diameter; seeds pyriform, densely pubescent with short trichomes.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 17
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    Bejuco; tallos hirsutos a glabrescentes, sin raíces en los nudos. Hojas (2–)5–17 X 2–17 cm, ovadas a suborbiculares, cordadas en la base, acuminadas o (raramente) agudas en el ápice, no lobuladas ó 3–5-lobuladas, hirsutas a glabrescentes en ambas caras. Infls. de 1–3(–6) fls.; pedúnculo 1.5–10(–21) cm, cilíndrico, hirsuto a glabrescente; brácteas 3–20 mm, persistentes. Fls. con los sépalos subiguales, 15–25(–30) mm, lanceolados, angosta y largamente acuminados y no mucro- natos en el ápice, esparcida (rara vez) o densa y largamente hirsutos con tricomas amarillos, basalmente bulbosos, el margen gruesamente membranáceo; corola usualmente azul a morada o (a veces) blanca o roja (con el tubo blanco por dentro), 30–60 mm, en forma de embudo, glabra por fuera; estigmas trilobulados. Frs. 0.8–1.2 cm, subglobosos, glabros; semillas café oscuro, densa y cortamente pubescentes.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Annual climbers, densely to scattered pubescent with large trichomes throughout. Leaves ovate to suborbicular, 5-15 cm long, entire or 3(-5)-lobed, basally cordate, the lobes apically acute to acuminate, pubescent. Flowers in 1-6 flowered cymes. Sepals long-lanceolate, 15-25 mm long, with linear-lanceolate apices, densely long-hirsute, at least at the base. Corolla blue (also purple or almost scarlet in cultivated varieties), throat white, 3-5 cm long. Fruit capsular, subglobose to globose, 8-12 mm long. Seeds pyriform, densely pubescent with short trichomes.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
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    Diagnostic Description

    Distinguished from the closely related I. purpurea and I. indica by its sepals with narrow elongate green tips much longer than the body and sepals which are hispid-pilose on the back, the hairs mostly with swollen bases.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
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    Morphology

    The flowers pale blue in the morning turning bright pink or red-purple; with long narrow calyx-lobes

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    The stems, etc., covered when young with spreading yellow hairs

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    A twiner

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Annual; stems twining, bristly-pilose.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Leaf-blade ovate, about 8 cm. long and 8 cm. broad, cordate at the base, 3-lobed, ± adpressed pilose above and beneath; lobes ± acuminate at the apex; petiole bristly, about 4 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Corolla magenta with paler tube, 6–7.5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary or in lax few-flowered cymes; peduncle 4–5 cm. long; pedicels up to 1.2 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Sepals linear-lanceolate, 2.2–2.7 cm. long, 3.5 mm. wide at the base and 1.5–2 mm. wide above, long-attenuated at the apex, densely pilose with patent bristles at the base and with a few above together with much shorter pubescence.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Capsule ovoid to globose, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Corolla funnel-shaped, magenta with paler tube, 5·5–7 cm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Seeds black, puberulous.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Leaf lamina ovate to circular in outline, 3-lobed, up to 14 × 13·5 cm., cordate at the base, more or less appressed pilose above and beneath; middle lobe ovate to oblong, acuminate, lateral ones obliquely ovate to broadly falcate, acuminate; petiole up to 8 cm. long, bristly.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Stems twining, bristly-pilose.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Sepals linear-lanceolate, 2·3–2·8 cm. long, long-attenuated at the apex, densely pilose with patent bristles at the base and a few above together with much shorter pubescence.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Flowers solitary or in lax few-flowered cymes; peduncle up to 7 cm. long, hirsute like the stems; bracteoles linear to filiform, 5–10 mm. long; pedicels up to 10 mm. long, retrorsely hairy.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Ornamental herbaceous annual.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Twining annual herb. Leaves ovate to circular in outline, 3-lobed, cordate at base; middle lobe ovate to oblong, acuminate; lateral ones obliquely ovate to broadly falcate, acuminate. Sepals linear-lanceolate, 23-28 mm long, long-attenuate at apex, basal part alone bristly. Corolla 55-70 mm long. Flowers magenta with paler tube.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
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    • 20
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    Herbaceous annual. Stems usually twining, with retrorse hairs on stems and petioles. Leaves ovate to orbicular in outline, apex acuminate, base broadly cordate, entire or 3-lobed; margin entire; both surfaces thinly to densely pubescent; 40-140 x 30-130 mm; petiole 30-160 mm long. Inflorescence a 1- to few-flowered umbellate cyme; peduncle hirsute, 20-120 mm long; bracteoles 5-10 mm long; pedicels 5-10 mm long, hairy. Sepals subequal, up to 35 mm in fruit, linear-lanceolate, apex long-attenuate, basal portion densely and patently hirsute. Corolla funnel-shaped, glabrous, 50-90 mm long, 40-70 mm wide, pale to bright blue turning purple or reddish magenta, rarely white, always paler outside. Capsule ovoid to globose, apiculate, glabrous, 8-15 mm long. Seeds up to 6.5-8.0 mm long, black, puberulous.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 22
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [I].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Vines

    • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 17
      • ]. 

      Ecology

      On fences in villages and in fields.

    • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Woodland, grassland and waste ground.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 20
      • ]. 

      Several cultivars often planted as ornamentals in warm and temperate regions and then becoming naturalised on waste ground, grassland and in secondary thickets.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 22
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      pantropical in distribution.

    • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 17
      • ]. 

      Only one naturalised record from the Kaokoveld, Namibia, also from tropical Africa. Apparently cultivated only in the Kwazulu-Natal coastal area.

    • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 22
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      corriolaPortuguese
      JetiranaPortuguese
      corda-de-violaPortuguese
      amarra-amarraPortuguese

        Bibliography

       Information From

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