Valeriana scandens L.
  • Sp. Pl. ed. 2


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Valeriana scandens L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000737442. Accessed on: 08 Apr 2020'

General Information

Valeriana scandens L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 47. 1762.

Trepadoras herbáceas, perennes; tallos volubles, hasta 6 m de largo, teretes, glabros a escasamente pubescentes; plantas ginodioicas. Hojas ternadas, láminas 3–15 cm de largo y 2–10 cm de ancho, márgenes dentados a crenados o enteros; folíolo terminal angosta a ampliamente ovalado, 2–7 cm de largo y 0.5–3 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado a agudo, base cuneada; folíolos laterales angostamente ovalados a ovalados, 1–5 cm de largo y 0.5–2 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado a agudo, base cuneada. Inflorescencias 20–30 cm de largo, numerosas, las ramificaciones terminales con 5–10 flores; cáliz de 10–14 segmentos; corola rotácea a subcampanulada, verde pálida a blanca; tubo de la corola de las flores hermafroditas 1–2 mm de largo y 0.7–0.8 mm de ancho, lobos 0.3–0.6 mm de largo, patentes o reflexos, estambres y estilos iguales al tubo de la corola o ligeramente exertos; tubo de la corola de las flores femeninas 0.7–1.1 mm de largo y 0.5–1.1 mm de ancho, lobos 0.3–0.6 mm de largo, patentes, estilo exerto, 1–1.4 mm de largo, estigma 0.3–0.5 mm de largo. Cipselas ovadas a piriformes, 1.8–3.5 mm de largo y 1.1–2 mm de ancho, con manchas café-amarillentas o moradas, glabras en la superficie abaxial, glabras a pilósulas en la superficie adaxial.

Común localmente en los márgenes de bosques en las zonas norcentral y pacífica; 75–1000 m; fl y fr ene–may; Stevens 8104, 19726; Florida y México a Brasil y Argentina, también en Cuba y Puerto Rico. Similar a V. candolleana en la mayor parte de sus características, se diferencia por tener las hojas ternadas y no simples.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial herbs, voluble or clambering; stems leafy, the lowermost becoming more or less suberous in age, much branched above, 1-3 mm in diameter, the in- ternodes 6-26 cm long, glabrous or sparsely spreading-pilosulous. Leaves cauline, petiolate, undivided or ternate, ovate-cordate, apically short- or long-acuminate to acute, sometimes mucronate, 4.5-18.0 cm long, serrate to dentate, repand to entire, glabrous or scattered-pilosulous above, glabrous beneath; blades of the un- divided leaves 3.2-11.0 cm long, 2.0-8.8 cm wide, the terminal lobe of the divided leaves ovate to ovate-oblong, 2.2-11.0 cm long, 0.9-6.3 cm wide, the lateral lobes smaller, often somewhat oblique; petioles 1.3-10.2 cm long. Inflorescences ag- gregate dichasia, 12-40 cm long, glabrous or sometimes densely pilosulous; bracts 1.7-2.5 cm long, glabrous or sometimes densely pilosulous. Flowers white, gynodioecious; calyx limb 11-15-fid; corolla more or less campanulate-infundibuli- form, the perfect flowers 1.0-2.3 mm long, the pistillate flowers 0.5-1.0 mm long, glabrous without, the lobes less than half the length of the gibbous tube, the throat scattered-pilosulous or glabrous within; stamens and style exserted. Achenes ob- long-linear to oval, subfabriliform (bellows shape), with 2 relatively prominent subperipheral and 1 median abaxial vein, 1.9-3.1 mm long, 1-2 mm wide, smooth, tawny to brownish, sparsely pilosulous on the adaxial side, glabrous on the abaxial side.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [E].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Distribution

      Valeriana scandens ranges widely from southern Florida to the Greater An- tilles, from Mexico to Panama, and in South America from Venezuela throughout the Andean region, except Chile, to southern Brazil and northern Argentina.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Bahia
      • Maranh
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo

       Information From

      Caprifoliaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).