Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk.
  • Actes Congr. Int. Bot. Anvers


This taxon is accepted by Aquifoliaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

Morphology

Dark green foliage

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    A tree, to 40 ft. high

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    Ripe fruits red

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    Flowers cream or white

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    Evergreen shrub, or more usually a tree, 4–24(–40) m. tall and up to 0–3(–1) m. in diameter at the base of the trunk; bark grey, fairly smooth; young branchlets often puberulous.

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    Cymes axillary, usually fascicled, rarely solitary, 1–6(–7)-flowered in ♂ plants, 1–4(–5)-flowered in ♀ plants; peduncles 1–15 mm. long, puberulous; pedicels 3–8(–14) mm. long; bracts and bracteoles minute.

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    Leaves alternate; lamina dark green above, paler beneath, elliptic, oblong-elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, rarely almost round, 2.5–14 cm. long, 1.3–4.6(–5.3) cm. wide, acute, apiculate or rounded at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, entire or sometimes spinous-toothed, particularly towards the apex, glabrous; midrib deeply impressed above; petiole 5–10 mm. long; stipules sub-persistent, ± 0.75–1 mm. long.

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    Male flowers with stamens 1.5–2 mm. long; rudimentary ovary conical, grooved, beaked, slightly bilobed.

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    Petals white, 4–6(–8), rounded or elliptic, ± 3.5 mm. long and 1.5 mm. wide, joined at the base.

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    Sepals 4–6(–8), rounded or subacute, ± 1.5 mm. long and wide, joined at the base, ciliolate.

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    Flowers fragrant.

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    Fig. 1.

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    Seeds brownish, 2–3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.

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    Drupes yellow-green, turning brownish-violet or crimson when ripe, globose, 4–7 mm. in diameter, rugulose and sometimes ribbed when dry, containing 4–6(–8) pyrenes.

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    Female flowers with shorter staminodes; ovary globose, 4–6(–8)-locular; stigma discoid, 4–6(–8)-lobed.

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    Fruit of (4)5–6(7) pyrenes, c. 7 mm. in diam., subglobose, red, partially enclosed at the base by the persistent sepals.

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    Ovary (4)5–6(7)-locular.

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    Stigma thick and sessile.

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    Petals whitish.

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    Sepals minutely ciliolate.

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    Leaf-lamina up to 13 × 4·5 cm., narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, apex acute, subrounded or emarginate and apiculate, obtuse to subacute at the base, entire or remotely denticulate (particularly towards the apex), glabrous, with numerous spreading looped lateral nerves; petiole c. 1 cm. long; stipules narrowly triangular, deciduous.

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    Tree up to 20–30 m. high or shrub, sometimes straggling, with dark shining green foliage; bark light grey-brown with prominent whitish lenticels; dioecious.

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    Flowers pedicellate, unisexual by abortion; male flowers (1)3–5(7), subumbellate with peduncles up to 1 cm. long; female flowers 1–3(5), subumbellate on shorter peduncles or subfasciculate.

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    Inflorescences axillary, solitary or congested.

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    Dioecious tree to 30 m. Leaves elliptic, glossy. Flowers in axillary clusters, white, fragrant.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Evergreen shrub, or more usually a tree, 4-24(-40) m tall and up to 0.3(-1) m in diameter at the base of the trunk; bark grey, fairly smooth; young branchlets often puberulous. Leaves alternate; lamina dark green above, paler beneath, elliptic, oblong-elliptic, obovate-elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, rarely almost round, 2.5-14 cm long, 1.3-4.6(-5.3) cm wide, acute, apiculate or rounded at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, entire or sometimes spinous-toothed, particularly towards the apex, glabrous; midrib deeply impressed above; petiole 5-10 mm long; stipules subpersistent, ± 0.75-1 mm long. Cymes axillary, usually fascicled, rarely solitary, 1-6(-7)-flowered in [male]plants, 1-4(-5)-flowered in [female] plants; peduncles 1-15 mm long, puberulous; pedicels 3-8(-14) mm long; bracts and bracteoles minute. Flowers fragrant. Sepals 4-6(-8), rounded or subacute, ± 1.5 mm long and wide, joined at the base, ciliolate. Petals white, 4-6(-8), rounded or elliptic, ± 3.5 mm long and 1.5 mm wide, joined at the base. Male flowers with stamens 1.5-2 mm long; rudimentary ovary conical, grooved, beaked, slightly bilobed. Female flowers with shorter staminodes; ovary globose, 4-6(-8)-locular; stigma discoid, 4-6(-8)-lobed. Drupes yellow-green, turning brownish-violet or crimson when ripe, globose, 4-7 mm in diameter, rugulose and sometimes ribbed when dry, containing 4-6(-8) pyrenes. Seeds brownish, 2-3 mm long, 1 mm wide.

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    Ecology

    In montane forest, especially by streams.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Habitat

    Forest along streams.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Cape Peninsula to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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     Information From

    Aquifoliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • H All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • I See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use