Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L.f.
  • Suppl. Pl.
  • Hydrocotyle commun


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L.f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000726566. Accessed on: 30 Nov 2020'

General Information

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L. f., Suppl. Pl. 177. 1782.

Hierbas acuáticas o subacuáticas, flotantes o rastreras, ligeramente suculentas. Hojas suborbiculares a reniformes, 0.5–8 cm de diámetro, ligera a profundamente 3–7-lobadas, los lobos redondeados, crenados o lobulados; pecíolo 1–35 cm de largo. Inflorescencias umbelas estrictamente simples, con 3–8 flores, pedúnculos mucho más cortos que las hojas, 0.5–6 cm de largo, pedicelos 1–3 mm de largo. Fruto suborbicular a elipsoide, 1.5–3 mm de diámetro, costillas filiformes o inconspicuas.

Rara, en aguas poco profundas, márgenes de arroyos y pantanos, sur de la zona atlántica; 0–40 m; fl y fr probablemente durante todo el año; Haynes 8239, Wright s.n.; en las Américas y ampliamente introducida en el resto del mundo.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Stems slender or succulent; leaves 5-80 mm. in diameter, deeply 5-6-lobed, the lobes crenate or lobulate, glabrous, the petiole 1-35 cm. long, glabrous; peduncles glabrous, shorter than the leaves; rays glabrous, 1-3 mm. long; fruit suborbicular, 1-3 mm. long, 2-3 mm. broad, the ribs obsolete.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    "Stems floating or creeping, rooting at the nodes; lvs round-reniform with a basal sinus, to 7 cm wide, 5–6-lobed to about the middle; peduncles well developed but shorter than the lvs; fls 5–10 per umbel, on pedicels 1–3 mm; fr suborbicular, 2–3 mm wide, the dorsal surface rounded and virtually ribless, the lateral ribs low and obtuse; 2n=24. Pa. and s. N.J. to Fla., w. through the s. states to the Pacific; S. Amer. May–Aug."

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Fig. 1/6, p.11.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence a dense umbel of 5–9(–12) flowers; peduncle usually short, 1–5(–12) cm.; involucre of 3–5 obtuse to acute, shortly oblong or lanceolate-oblong very small bracts.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves not peltate, the lamina reniform and resembling that of Ranunculus peltatus, with 5–7(–8) rounded, bluntly crenate or shallowly dentate lobes (the terminal usually deepest), ± 1.4–12 × 0.8–8 cm., wider than long; petiole long, (2–)3.5–32 cm., fleshy; stipules hyaline, rather large.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit strongly laterally compressed, broader than long, yellowish green or purplish spotted to dark brownish, verruculose when ripe, 2.5–3 × 2 mm., the ribs filiform and only the central dorsal slightly prominent, very shortly pedicellate, truncate or very shallowly emarginate at the apex, shallowly emarginate at the base; stylopodia very flattened, ± obsolete; styles spreading, slender, ± 0.5–0.75 mm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petals greenish yellow, narrowly triangular, ± 0.75 mm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Glabrous creeping herb, rooting freely with dense clusters of white, slender rootlets from the nodes; stem slender to rather stout (to ± 5 mm. in diameter), terete, pale green or brownish.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Glabrous creeping herb, densely rooting at the nodes.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Fruit transversely subrectangular, greenish-brown with red mottlings, laterally compressed, shallowly emarginate at the base and apex, somewhat constricted at the commissure; ribs filiform, only weakly developed; stylopodium depressed, styles short, c. 0·75 mm. long, widely divergent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Petals greenish-white.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Umbels simple with 5–10 flowers, subcapitate on peduncles 1·5–5 cm. long, much shorter than the subtending petioles; rays very short to obsolete.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stem prostrate with long or short internodes of 1–9 cm., terete and soft.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves arising singly at the nodes on petioles 2–25 cm. long; lamina 0·6–4·5 × 1–6 cm., reniform with a deep basal sinus; margin ± crenately divided into 5–8 lobes, each lobe with small secondary crenulations.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Wie H. vulgaris, aber Blätter 3–10 cm breit, tief 3–7lappig, einseitig bis zum Grund geteilt.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A true aquatic and frequently floating, this species occurs widely in both North and South America.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Hydrocotyle communFrenchCH
    WassernabelGermanCH

     Information From

    Araliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • H All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).