Gomphrena globosa L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Common globe-amaranth


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Gomphrena globosa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000706024. Accessed on: 18 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, erect, 20-60 cm tall. Stem stout, branched; branches slightly quadrangular, gray strigose, slightly inflated at nodes. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, long gray hairy; leaf blade oblong or oblong-obovate, 3.5-13 × 1.5-5 cm, papery, long white hairy and ciliate, narrowing toward base, margin undulate, apex acute or obtuse. Heads terminal, 1-3, usually purple, sometimes light purple or white, 2-2.5 cm in diam. Bracts 2, opposite, green, ovate or cordate, 1-1.5 cm, gray hairy; bracts white, purple at apex, ovate, 3-5 mm; bracteoles purple, triangular-lanceolate, much longer than bracts, 1-1.2 cm. Tepals not rigid after anthesis, lanceolate, 5-6 mm, outside densely white lanose, apex acuminate. Filaments connate into a tube, 5-parted at apex. Styles linear, shorter than tube of stamens; stigmas 2, furcate. Utricles subglobose, 2-2.5 mm in diam. Seeds brown, shiny, reniform. Fl. and fr. Jun-Sep.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Plants annual, not cespitose, 3-10 dm; roots fibrous. Stems erect, pilose-strigose. Leaves: petiole 0.5-2 cm; blade green, oblong to ovate, 2-10 × 0.5-5 cm, apex acute, villous. Inflorescences: heads white, yellow, red, or purple, globose, 20-28 mm diam.; bractlets crested along keel. Flowers: tube densely lanate; perianth lobes white to pink, lance-subulate, 4.4-5.2 mm, chartaceous, apex acuminate. Utricles oblong, 2 mm, apex acute. Seeds 1.5 mm.

  • Provided by: [M].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Gomphrena globosa L., Sp. Pl. 224. 1753.

    Anuales, 0.2–0.7 m de alto, tallos ascendentes o erectos, tallos y ramas pubescentes con tricomas simples cortos y más o menos aplicados. Hojas ampliamente lanceoladas u ovadas, 4–9 cm de largo y 1.5–2 (–4) cm de ancho, agudas en el ápice, cuneadas o muy largamente atenuadas en la base, pubescentes, con tricomas simples de ca 1 mm de largo, la pubescencia generalmente más densa y más aplicada en el envés; pecioladas, las hojas superiores frecuentemente subsésiles. Capítulos solitarios, 20–25 mm de diámetro, a veces alargados, terminales en los tallos o las ramas, hojas superiores abrazadoras 2 (3), ovadas, 0.8–1.3 cm de largo, sésiles, bráctea ovada o triangular, 3.5–4 mm de largo, acuminada y mucronada en el ápice, glabra, bractéolas conspicuamente más largas que la flor, 1.5–1.8 veces el largo de los tépalos, lanceoladas o angostamente liguladas, lateralmente comprimidas, 9–12 mm de largo, ápice agudo y ligeramente encorvado, glabras, rosadas, moradas o blanquecinas, cresta 0.7–1 mm de ancho, conservando el mismo ancho y sólo estrechándose cerca de la base, su margen dentado o casi subentero; tépalos lanceolados, 5.5–7 mm de largo, largamente atenuados en el ápice, tornándose endurecidos en la base, escariosos, algo hialinos en el margen y ápice, lanosos abaxialmente con tricomas simples y delgados en la mitad inferior, 1-nervios; filamentos 6–7 mm de largo, completamente unidos en un tubo, con lobos de ca 0.5 mm de largo, anteras 1.3–1.7 mm de largo; estilo 0.6–1 mm de largo, estigma con ramas filiformes de 1.3–2.2 mm de largo. Utrículo cortamente cilíndrico; semilla ca 1.5 mm de largo.

    Cultivada, a veces escapada a sitios alterados, en la zona pacífica; 100–500 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Grijalva 550, Guzmán 1328; en todas las regiones templadas y tropicales del mundo, pero probablemente originaria de América tropical.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Erect or ascending pilose annual herbs, the branching stems to 60 cm. high. Leaves sericeous, occasionally glabrate, oblong to ovate or obovate, apically acute and mucronate, basally rounded to attenuate, 2-10 cm. long, 0.5-5 cm. broad; petioles 1-15 mm. long. Inflorescences of terminal and axillary reniform to cylindric variously colored heads or spikes, occasionally clustered, 10-25 mm. long, 15-25 mm. broad, subtended by ovate leaves 5-20 mm. long. Flowers perfect; bracts persistent, ovate, acuminate, 3-4 mm. long; bracteoles dentate-cristate, exceeding the sepals, 7-12 mm. long, 2-3.5 mm. broad; sepals 5, subequal, basally connate, cinereous- to rufous-lanate, ultimately indurate and closely embracing the fruit, 5-6.5 mm. long; stamens 5, the anthers sessile between the 5 2-lobate pseudostaminodia; stamen tube 4-8 mnm. long; ovary globose; style 1, 1-1.5 mm. long; stigmata 2, 1-1.5 mm. long. Fruit an indehiscent areolate utricle 1.5-2.5 mm. long; seeds cochleate-orbiculate, reddish brown, ocellate, 1.5-2 mm. broad.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 17
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    "A branching annual to 1 m, with terminal, colored heads 2–2.5 cm thick, and with very woolly fls, occasionally escapes from cult."

  • Provided by: [L].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 18
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    Morphology

    A native of S. America, cultivated as an ornamental, also subspontaneous.

  • Provided by: [K].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Seeds compressed-ovoid, c. 2 mm. in diam., brown, almost smooth, shining.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Capsule oblong-ovoid, compressed, c. 2.5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Style and stigmas together c. 2.5 mm. long, stigmas divergent, subequalling or slightly longer than the style.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Tepals similar to those of G. celosioides but longer (6–6.5 mm.), the outer more lanate and the inner less markedly indurate at the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube subequalling the perianth, the 5 teeth deeply bilobed with obtuse lobes subequalling the anthers; pseudostaminodes absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Leaves broadly lanceolate to oblong or elliptic-oblong, 2.5–12 (15) × 2–4 (6) cm., narrowed to an ill-defined petiole below, thinly pilose on both surfaces, the pair of leaves subtending the terminal inflorescence sessile or almost so, broadly to subcordate-ovate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences sessile above the uppermost pair of leaves, usually solitary, globose or depressed-globose, c. 2 cm. in diam., pinkish to deep red; bracts deltoid-ovate, 3–5 mm. long, mucronate with the shortly excurrent midrib; bracteoles strongly laterally compressed, navicular, c.8–12 mm., mucronate with the excurrent midrib, furnished from the apex almost to the base of the dorsal surface of the midrib with a broad, irregularly dentate crest.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, decumbent or erect, branched from the base and also above, c. 15–60 cm.; stem and branches striate or sulcate, more or less densely clothed with appressed white hairs at least when young.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, decumbent or erect, branched from the base and also above, ± 15–60 cm.; stem and branches striate or sulcate, ± densely clothed with appressed white hairs at least when young.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube subequalling the perianth, the 5 teeth deeply bilobed with obtuse lobes subequalling the anthers; pseudostaminodes absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Tepals similar to those of G. celosioides but longer (6–6.5 mm.), the outer more lanate and the inner less markedly indurate at the base.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences sessile above the uppermost pair of leaves, usually solitary, globose or depressed-globose, rarely ovoid, ± 2 cm. in diameter, whitish to pinkish or deep red; bracts deltoid-ovate, 3–5 mm., mucronate with the shortly excurrent midrib; bracteoles strongly laterally compressed, navicular, ± 8–12 mm., mucronate with the excurrent midrib, furnished from the apex almost to the base of the dorsal surface of the midrib with a broad irregularly dentate crest.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Leaves broadly lanceolate to oblong or elliptic-oblong, 2.5–12(–15) × 2–4(–6) cm., narrowed to an ill-defined petiole below, thinly pilose on both surfaces, the pair of leaves subtending the terminal inflorescence sessile or almost so, broadly ovate to subcordate-ovate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Style and stigmas together ± 2.5 mm.; stigmas divergent, subequalling or slightly longer than the style.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Capsule oblong-ovoid, compressed, ± 2.5 mm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Seeds compressed-ovoid, ± 2 mm., brown, almost smooth, shining.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Herb, up to 300 mm tall. Stems erect with white silky hairs. Leaves obovate-lanceolate. Inflorescences terminal, globose. Flowers purple-magenta.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cultivated and escaped in many regions of the world, this species may be a native of America although it was originally described from India.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Native to tropical America.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 19
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Roraima
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Common globe-amaranth

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • G All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • H Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • K The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • L Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • M Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).