Ficus carica L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Fig

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Ficus carica L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 27 Jan 2022'

General Information

Shrubs, 3-10 m tall, many branched. Bark grayish brown, distinctly lenticellate. Branchlets straight, strong. Stipules red, ovate-lanceolate, ca. 1 cm. Leaves alternate; petiole strong, 2-5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate, usually with 3-5 ovate lobes, 10-20 × 10-20 cm, thickly papery, abaxially densely covered with small cystoliths and short gray pubescence, adaxially scabrous, base ± cordate, margin irregularly toothed; basal lateral veins 2-4, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, purplish red to yellow when mature, pear-shaped, large, 3-5 cm in diam., apical pore concave, sessile; involucral bracts ovate. Male flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes 4 or 5; stamens (1 or)3(-5). Gall flowers: style lateral, short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 4 or 5; ovary ovoid, smooth; style lateral; stigma 2-branched, linear. Achenes lenslike. Fl. and fr. May-Jul.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees , deciduous, to 5 m. Roots not adventitious. Bark grayish, slightly roughened. Branchlets pubescent. Leaves: stipules 1-1.2 cm; petiole 8-20 cm. Leaf blade obovate, nearly orbiculate, or ovate, palmately 3-5-lobed, 15-30 × 15-30 cm, base cordate, margins undulate or irregularly dentate, apex acute to obtuse; surfaces abaxially and adaxially scabrous-pubescent; basal veins 5 pairs; lateral veins irregularly spaced. Syconia solitary, sessile, green, yellow, or red-purple, pyriform, 5-8 cm, pubescent; peduncle ca. 1 cm; subtending bracts ovate, 1-2 mm; ostiole with 3 subtending bracts, umbonate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    51. Ficus carica L., Sp. Pl. 1059 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Bhopal y Chaudhri, 1977): Herb. Linn. 1240.1 (LINN). Ilustr.: Wu et al., Fl. China Ill. 5: t. 57, 1-4 (2004). N.v.: Higo, higuera.

    Por C.C. Berg

    Arbustos o arbolitos hasta 5 m. Ramitas foliosas 3-8 mm de grosor, hírtulas a escabriúsculas. Hojas 8-27 × 7-22 cm, cordiformes u ovadas, 3-5(-7)-lobadas a 3-5(-7)-fidas o rara vez enteras, la base cordata o truncada, el ápice obtuso a redondeado, los márgenes crenado-dentados a lobados, el haz hispídulo, escabroso, el envés esparcida a más bien densamente hírtulo a subtomentoso; nervaduras laterales 5-8 pares, el par basal ramificado, las nervaduras terciarias en parte escalariformes; pecíolo 5-16 cm; estípulas 0.4-1.2 cm, esparcidamente pubérulas. Higos axilares o justo debajo de las hojas, sésiles o el pedúnculo hasta 0.3 cm; brácteas basales 2-3 mm; receptáculo 2-3 cm de diámetro al secarse, subgloboso y frecuentemente estipitado (hasta 1.2 cm) o subpiriforme, pubérulo, purpúreo al madurar; ostíolo 4-5 mm de diámetro. Árbol frutal, introducido. Ch (Santíz 828, CAS); G (Steyermark 36552, F); H (Molina R. 10141, F); ES (Standley 22629, US); N (Araquistain 23, MO). (Nativa del Medio Oriente o del Mediterráneo; ampliamente cultivada en todo el mundo.)

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Ficus carica L., Sp. Pl. 1059. 1753.

    Arboles pequeños, hasta 10 m de alto; ramas jóvenes glabras a escasamente puberulentas, cafés. Hojas con contorno ampliamente ovado, palmatilobadas, 7–22 cm de largo y 10–20 cm de ancho, redondeadas en el ápice, cordadas en la base, escasamente estrigosas, escabrosas y cartáceas cuando secas, 3–5 nervios principales que surgen desde la base, nervios terciarios ligeramente prominentes; pecíolos 2–6.5 cm de largo, puberulentos, café-grisáceos, estípulas 0.8–3 cm de largo, puberulentas. Higos 1 por nudo, piriformes, 5–8 cm de largo, densamente puberulentos, verdes a café-violetas, ostíolo prominente, sésiles a subsésiles, brácteas basales 3, 3–5 mm de largo, puberulentas.

    Cultivada y naturalizada; Araquistain 23, Guzmán 1068; nativa del oeste de Asia. F. carica se reconoce por las hojas palmatilobadas, la estatura pequeña y los frutos comestibles. "Higo".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    A large shrub to small deciduous tree, 5-9 m tall with several spreading branches from a short, rough trunk. Bark smooth, grey or dull white, young twigs glabrous or softly hairy. Leaves with glabrous to tomentose up to 12 cm long grooved petiole; lamina variable in shape and size, broadly ovate to nearly orbicular, (4-) 5-15 (-20) cm long, (3.5-) 5-15 (-18) cm broad, undivided or obscurely palmatifid to mostly palmatipartite, lobes spathulate with entire to apically few-dentate margin, 5-costate at the cordate base, margins undulate-dentate or dentate-crenate, acute to ± obtuse, scabrous above, densely soft hairy beneath especially on nerves, lateral nerves 6-8 (-9) pairs, intercostals ascending-parallel; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 10-12 mm long, hairy to glabrescent Hypanthodia axillary solitary or paired, borne on upto 3 cm long peduncles, pyriform to globose, 1.5-2 cm in diameter, subsessile to sessile, subtended by 3, broadly deltoid basal bracts, apical orifice closed by 4-5, broadly deltoid, ciliate imbricate bracts. Male flowers: sepals usually 4, united, lobes lanceolate; stamens 4, filaments long with oval, exserted anthers. Female flowers: pedicellate, sepals 4, lobes lanceolate-oblong: ovary with lateral style, stigma entire or 2-fid. Figs usually pyriform-obovoid, 2-5 (-8) cm in diameter, glabrous or shortly hispid, yellowish to brownish violet.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 


    Strauch oder Baum mit grauer Rinde und grossen, lang gestielten, wechselständigen Blättern. Diese meist tief 5teilig, mit wellig gezähnten, stumpfen Abschnitten und gerundeten Buchten, gelegentlich ungeteilt. Die Frucht besteht aus der birnenförmig

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 


    5–8. Trockene, felsige Hänge, kultiviert und verwildert, kollin. Hauptsächlich TI, VS (Rhonetal) und Genferseegebiet, vereinzelt in anderen warmen Gebieten.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Common Names

    The edible fig.

  • Provided by: [M].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names


    Other Local Names

    Crann fíge (fíghis)IrishIE
    Common fig
    Crann figíIrishIE

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • H All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • I Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • J All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • K See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • M The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).