Eryngium foetidum L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • chicória


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Eryngium foetidum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000677912. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

Plants 8–40 cm high from a basal rosette. Taproot fusiform with fibrous roots. Stem green. Basal leaves numerous; petiole short or obsolete, sheath up to 3 cm; blade lanceolate or oblanceolate, entire, 5–25 × 1.2–4 cm, venation pinnately reticulate, base cuneate to decurrent, apex obtuse, callous-margined, crenate to finely spinulose-serrate. Upper leaves sessile, opposite deeply spinulose-serrate to parted. Inflorescence divaricately trifurcate; lateral branches often continuing to form a monochasium, heads numerous, short-pedunculate. Flower heads cylindrical, 5–12 × 3–5 mm; bracts 4–7, foliaceous, lanceolate, 1.5–3.5 × 0.4–1 cm, spreading to reflexed, margin 1–3-spinulose-serrate; bracteoles lanceolate, 1.5–1.8 × ca. 0.6 mm, brightly scarious-margined. Calyx teeth ovate-lanceolate, 0.5–1 mm, acute, equaling petals. Petals white or pale yellow. Styles erect, ca. 1.1 mm, exceeding calyx teeth. Fruit ovoid-globose, 1.1–1.3 mm, covered with tubercles. Fl. and fr. Apr–Dec.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • 1. Eryngium foetidum L., Sp. Pl., 232 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Wörz, 1999): Sloane, Voy. Jam. Nat. Hist. 1: t. 156, f. 3, 4 (1707). Ilustr.: Berry, Fl. Venez. Guayana 2: 472, t. 397 (1995). N.v.: Cilantro, culantro.

      Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

      Eryngium foetidum forma comosum Urb.

      Plantas 5-60 cm, bianuales, delgadas, con fragancia a cilantro, glabras, los tallos solitarios, ramificación dicasial, con raíces fibrosas fasciculadas. Hojas 3-30 × 1-5 cm, arrosetadas y caulinares, lanceoladas a oblanceoladas, delgadas, herbáceas, la base angostamente cuneada, los márgenes callosos, crenados a finamente espinuloso-serrados; nervaduras pinnado-reticuladas; pecíolos cortos u obsoletos, anchamente envainadores; hojas caulinares semejantes a las hojas basales, las superiores opuestas y reducidas. Cabezuelas numerosas, 7-11 × 3-5 mm, cilíndricas, brevipedunculadas; brácteas involucrales 5 o 6, 10-40 × 2-10 mm, lanceoladas, foliáceas, verdes en ambas superficies, enteras o débilmente espinosas, patentes y reflexas, sobrepasando las cabezuelas; bractéolas del involucelo 2-3 mm, lineares a lanceoladas, sobrepasando a los frutos, la coma conspicua o ausente. Cáliz lobado, los lobos c. 0.5 mm, lanceolados a ovados, agudos, sobrepasados ligeramente por los estilos cortos; pétalos blancos. Frutos c. 1.5 mm, globosos o ligeramente más anchos que largos, densamente papilosos con vesículas globosas de color ámbar oscuro. 2 n = 16. Relictos de bosques, suelos húmedos de potreros, terrenos de cultivo. T ( Romero et al. 1772, CAS); Ch ( Breedlove 27005, DH); B ( Schipp 808, NY); G ( Donnell Smith 1687, K); H ( Fryxell 2828, UC); ES ( Berendsohn y Berendsohn WB 0178, MO); N ( Stevens 7106, MO); CR ( Skutch 2792, MO); P ( Fendler 133, BM). 10-1500 m. (Cultivada en las áreas tropicales de América y Asia.)

      .

    • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
      • Source: [
      • 8
      • ]. 

      Eryngium foetidum L., Sp. Pl. 232. 1753.

      Hierbas profusamente ramificadas, 0.5–6 dm de alto. Hojas lanceoladas a oblanceoladas, 3–30 cm de largo y 1–5 cm de ancho, crenadas a finamente espinuloso-serradas, adelgazadas en la base formando un pecíolo corto y alado. Inflorescencias dicasios ampliamente ramificados, con capítulos 7–11 mm de largo y 3–5 mm de ancho, verde-amarillentos, brácteas involucrales 5–6, lanceoladas, foliáceas, 1–4 cm de largo, excediendo los capítulos, bractéolas lineares o lanceoladas, 2–3 mm de largo, excediendo los frutos. Fruto globoso, comprimido lateralmente, 1.5–2 mm de diámetro, densamente cubierto por vescículas globosas de color pajizo.

      Abundante en lugares húmedos y alterados en todas las zonas del país; 10–400 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Ortiz 354, Stevens 8662; América tropical; comúnmente cultivada en los alrededores de las casas y usada como condimento. "Culantro".

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Slender herb, the stem usually solitary, erect, branched, 0.5-6 dm. tall; basal leaves lanceolate or oblanceolate, the blade 3-27 cm. long, 1-5 cm. broad, cuneate, obtuse, the petiole short or obsolete, up to 3 cm. long; cauline leaves numerous, the upper sessile and usually opposite, spinulose-serrate to parted; inflorescence tri- furcate, the lateral branches usually continuing to form a monochasium, the heads numerous, 7-11 mm. long, 3-5 mm. broad; bracts 5 or 6, 1-4 cm. long, 2-10 mm. broad, entire or nearly so, green on both surfaces, greatly exceeding the head, the bractlets linear to lanceolate, 2-3 mm. long, exceeding the fruit, the coma conspicuous or lacking; calyx-teeth lanceolate to ovate, acute, weakly mucronate; styles slightly exceeding the calyx; fruit globose, about 1.5 mm. long.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      A fleshy rootstock exuding latex

    • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Flowers green.

    • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      A spiny leaved perennial herb

    • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      An unpleasant smell

    • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Calyx-teeth subulate, sharp-pointed, ± 0.75 mm., subequalling the verrucose ovary.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Fruit roundish, laterally compressed, ± 1.25 mm., strongly vesicular-verrucose, crowned by the persistent calyx; stylopodia broad and flat; styles slender, ± 1 mm.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Petals linear-oblong, channelled, strongly emarginate with a long incurved lobule, subequalling the calyx, white.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Fig. 6.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Biennial herb ± 15–50 cm. tall, glabrous, with a peculiar unpleasant smell when bruised.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Stem finely striate and grooved, dichotomously branched above with axillary inflorescences at the branching points; ultimate branches short or elongate and frequently ± strongly zigzag, with lateral inflorescences.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Basal leaves in a rosette of mostly 4–9, broadly linear-oblong to oblanceolate, ± 3.5–25 × 0.7–4 cm., with ± regular forwardly-directed spinous-mucronate teeth almost to the base, ± narrowed below to a short, broad, membranous-margined sheath; stem leafless until the first branching, leaves at this point broadly to lanceolate-oblong or ± flabellate, ± 2.7 × 0.4–3 cm., much more coarsely and jaggedly toothed than the basal leaves, sometimes tricuspidate and further toothed; upper leaves diminishing and finally linear and simple or tricuspidate; all leaves sessile.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Capitula green to violet tinged, ± 7–12 × 3–4 mm., subtended by an involucre of mostly 4–6 bracts strongly resembling the upper leaves but less deeply and jaggedly toothed or entire; peduncles ± 3–18 mm., shortening upwards.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 7
      • ]. 

      Habit

      herb

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Acre
      • Amapí
      • Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Roraima
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      chicóriaPortuguese
      chicóriaPortuguese

       Information From

      Apiaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • G
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • J Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).