Encephalartos woodii Sander
  • Gard. Chron.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Encephalartos woodii Sander. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000667480. Accessed on: 10 Apr 2020'


Plant (only male known) branching from the base (sometimes branched above in cultivation); stem up to 6 m tall, 50-90 cm diam. at base, narrowing to about 50-60 cm above, with densely leafy crown and woolly bracts. Leaves 1.8-2.5 m long including petiole 10-20 cm long; rhachis gracefully spreading-recurved or arched, densely pale brown woolly at first becoming glabrous with age except for large pulvinus about 10 cm broad; leaflets leathery, dark green, gradually reduced to prickles at the base, those from juvenile suckers variably 2-5-toothed in the lower half on one or both margins, those on old stems often with entire margins; median leaflets more or less ovate-lanceolate, up to about 20 cm long and 5 cm broad, the apex often slightly hooked and blunt. Male cone 1-several, bright orange-yellow, on short stout peduncles, subcylindric, 40-90 cm long, rarely up to 120 cm, 15-20 cm diam., median scales up to about 7 cm long and 3-3.5 cm broad; bulla with the beak projecting 2.5-3.5 cm beyond sporangial surface, with acute lateral ridges, the upper facet with a central ridge or hump, the lower facet rounded or slightly ridged, the terminal facet slightly concave, about 1 cm broad and about the same vertically, often with raised margin.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Several plants are in cultivation locally and overseas.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Recorded from one locality only near Ngoye in Zululand and possibly now extinct in the wild; recorded in the wild by Chamberlain in 1912 and lastly by a Forest Officer in 1916.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    • 1 Dyer, RA; Verdoorn, IC. 1966. Zamiaceae. Fl. S. Africa 1: 3 - 34. BRI & Nat. Bot. Gdns, Pretoria & Cape Town.
    • 2 Gard. Chron.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • C All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).