Encephalartos brevifoliolatus Vorster
  • S. African J. Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Encephalartos brevifoliolatus Vorster. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000667348. Accessed on: 04 Apr 2020'

Morphology

Plant arborescent, unbranched but often suckering from base to form clumps of up to 6 stems. Stem erect but often leaning to some extent or even pendulous from cliffs, up to 2.5 m tall and 250-300 mm thick, covered by relatively small remains of leaf bases which are often charred from fires in its grassland habitat; crown not woolly but cataphylls initially covered by a thin, whitish, felt-like indumentum. Leaves 800-900(-1200?) mm long, rigid and straight or very slightly recurved near apices; petioles unarmed, hemiterete, initially with a whitish felt-like indumentum but glabrous at maturity, yellowish, 90-200 mm long and 7-10 mm thick; rachis yellowish; basal leaflets very slightly reduced in size but not to prickles; median leaflets incubously overlapping, spaced 8-10 mm apart, directed towards apex of leaf at angle of about 45°, opposing leaflets set at angle of about 135° to each other, dark green, very narrowly ovate and somewhat falcate with margins entire and revolute and apices acute and pungent, abaxially finely ribbed with (12-)14-16 veins, 60-80 mm long and 1012 mm wide. Male cones up to 6 per stem seen, sessile, very narrowly ovoid, covered in minute and very short whitish felt-like indumentum, about 350 mm long and 60-70 mm in diameter in dried state; exposed faces of median microsporophylls rhombic, about 22 mm wide and 5 mm high, drawn out to a length of about 6 mm to the central facet; central facet rhombic, smooth, 7-9 mm wide and 3-5 mm wide. Female cones unknown.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    It grows in short grassland. In open Protea savanna, on quartzite-derived sand-stone, or on cliffs, in direct sunlight.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Drakensberg escarpment in the Northern Province.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 S. African J. Bot.
    • 2 Vorster, PJ. 1996. Encephalartos brevifoliolatus (Zamiaceae): a new species from the Northern Province. S. African J. Bot. 62(1): 61 - 64.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • C See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Zamiaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).