Dichapetalum zenkeri Engl.
  • Nat. Pflanzenfam.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Dichapetalum zenkeri Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000645508. Accessed on: 03 Dec 2020'

Morphology

Branchlets yellowish-tomentellous becoming glabrous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    A climbing shrub

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    Flowers small, white, fragrant.

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    Fruits 1(–2)-seeded, minutely and usually densely velutinous to tomentellous, orange at maturity; 1-seeded fruits ellipsoid-ovoid to reniform, 2–4.5 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. in diameter.

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    Seeds ellipsoid, slightly laterally compressed, up to ± 30 × 15 mm.

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    Stamens suberect, often slightly longer than petals, 2.5–3.5(–4) mm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Pistil 2(–3)-merous, (2–)2.5–3.5(–4) mm. long; ovary densely lanate; style glabrous or lanate in lower part.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Small to medium-sized liana, lianescent shrub, shrub or bushy tree to 10 m.

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    Stem whitish to pale brown with 5 rows of lenticels lengthwise; branchlets appressedly pubescent-puberulous, often densely so, soon glabrescent or not.

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    Stipules early caducous, narrowly triangular, 1–3(–4) mm. long, appressed pubescent-puberulous, glabrescent or not

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Arbuste'± sarmenteux de 2-5 m de haut, ou liane à tige pouvant atteindre 15(22) cm de diam.; rameaux lignifiés de 5-7 mm de diam., à lenticelles punctiformes, émettant de nombreuses ramilles de 20-30 cm de long et 1-2 mm de diam., rougeâtres, à peine pubescentes, puis glabres.'Feuilles'à stipules caduques; pétiole de 2-4 mm de long, à poils rares; limbe elliptique, subaigu à la base, à acumen court et obtus, parfois de 1,5 cm de long et aigu, de 4-10 cm de long et 2-5 cm de large, rarement plus (les feuilles des ramilles latérales beaucoup plus petites), assez coriace, glabre, brillant en dessus, mat en dessous où les nervures sont en relief, les secondaires au nombre de 5-6 paires, anastomosées à 3 mm du bord.'Inflorescences'typiquement en cymes axillaires et solitaires, mais formant souvent des grappes de cymes, pourvues ou non de feuilles ± réduites; cymes de 3-5 cm de long dont 1-1,5 pour le pédoncule 4-6 fois dichotomiques, et autant de large; axes à poils gris, courts et peu denses.'Fleurs'à pédicelle de 3-4 mm de long, articulé au milieu, la partie persistante de ± 2 mm de long; sépales réfléchis, linéaires, de 1,5-2 mm de long, herbacés, peu velus; pétales jaunâtres, brillants à l'état sec, 2-fides jusqu'aux 2/3, de 3 mm de long; étamines libres, de 3 mm de long; pistil de 3-3,5 mm de long; ovaire globuleux, à longs poils laineux; style glabre, à branches de 1-1,5 mm de long.'Fruits ovoïdes comme ceux de l'espèce précédente, à pédoncule et pédicelle peu accrescents, de 1 mm de diam.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Petals slightly to completely spreading or even reflexed, obovate in outline, (2–)2.5–3(–4) mm. long, split (1–)1.5–2 mm., glabrous or with a very few hairs below split outside.

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      Sepals reflexed, free or nearly so, obovate-elliptic to oblong, 1.5–3 × 0.7–1(–1.5) mm., appressed-puberulous to tomentellous outside, glabrous or with a few hairs on apical part inside.

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      Inflorescences axillary or grouped on leafless axillary shoots, up to ± 4 times distinctly and widely branched (the first branches mostly as long as or longer than the peduncle), few- to very many-flowered, mostly densely appressed pubescent-puberulous; peduncle 1–15(–30) mm. long; bracts and bracteoles narrowly triangular, up to 2 mm. long; pedicel slender, up to ± 6 mm. long, the upper part (0.5–)1–3.5 mm. long, subappressed puberulous.

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      Blade papery, sometimes coriaceous, usually dull beneath, elliptic to obovate, sometimes oblong or ovate, (3–)4–15(–22) × (1–)1.5–5(–12) cm., rounded to cuneate at base, usually gradually acuminate at apex, the acumen acute to obtuse, mucronate or not, up to 1.5 cm. long; usually subappressed pubescent on midrib of both surfaces when young, when very young often also sparsely so on margin and the main lateral nerves on both surfaces, early glabrescent or not, with (4–)5–7(–8) pairs of main lateral nerves, usually prominent both sides, the midrib often ± impressed or grooved in lower half above, especially so in dry young leaves.

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      Habitat

      Forêts ombrophiles primitives ou remaniées, galeries forestières, lisières, bords des eaux et dans l'eau, îles du Fleuve, forêts de transition jusqu'à 1400 m d'altitude.

    • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      •  Information From

        Dichapetalaceae
        World Flora Online Data. 2017.
        • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
        Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
        https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
        http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
        • B
        Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
        https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
        http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
        • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
        Flore d'Afrique Centrale
        https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
        • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
        World Flora Online consortium
        http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
        World Flora Online Data. 2018.
        • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
        Global Tree Search
        https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
        BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
        • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International