Daucus carota L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Cenoura


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Daucus carota L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000638442. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2020'

General Information

Plants to 120 cm. Leaves oblong, 2–3-pinnate/pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate, 2–15 × 0.5–4 mm, glabrous to hispid especially on the veins and margins, acute, mucronate. Peduncles 10–55 cm, retrorsely hispid; bracts foliaceous, pinnate, rarely entire, lobes linear, 3–30 mm, margin scarious; rays 2–7.5 cm, unequal; bracteoles 5–7, linear, entire or 2–3-lobed, more or less scarious and ciliate, equaling or exceeding flowers. Petals white, sometimes yellow or pinkish. Fruit 3–4 × ca. 2 mm. Fl. May–Jul.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • 2. Daucus carota L., Sp. Pl. 242 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Sáez Laín, 1981): Europa, Anon. (LINN-340.1). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 96, t. 30 (1972). N.v.: Zanahoria.

      Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

      Plantas 15-120 cm, bianuales, los tallos solitarios, erectos, retro-híspidos a glabros, frecuentemente con raíz axonomorfa engrosada. Hojas 5-15 × 2-7 cm, oblongas, las divisiones finales 2-13 × 0.5-2 mm, linear a lanceoladas, enteras o poco hendidas, glabras a híspidas, agudas, mucronatas; pecíolos 3-10 cm. Pedúnculos 25-60 cm, retro-híspidos; involucro de brácteas 3-30 mm, alargadas, pinnado-divididas, generalmente reflexas, los márgenes escariosos; radios 3-7.5 cm, numerosos, desiguales, compactos en los frutos; involucelo de bractéolas lineares, acuminadas, enteras o rara vez pinnadas, escariosas, ciliadas, tan largas como las flores o más largas que éstas; pedicelos 3-10 mm. Pétalos blancos o purpúreos, la flor central de cada umbela generalmente purpúrea o rosada. Frutos 3-4 × 2 mm, ovoides; carpóforo entero. Cultivada, escapada. Ch (Breedlove 47083, CAS); QR ( Gutiérrez R. 43, F); B (Balick et al. 2000: 120); G (Standley 65771, F); H (Standley 28481, F); ES (Renderos 493, MO); N (Stevens 23506, MO); CR (Standley, 1938: 860); P ( Tyson 7100, MO). 100-3000 m. (Nativa de Europa, regiones templadas de Asia, y N. África; ampliamente introducida en otras partes del mundo.)

    • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      "Biennial with a stout taproot, 4–10 dm, hirsute to subglabrous; lvs oblong, pinnately decompound, the ultimate segments linear, lanceolate, or oblong; infl at anthesis showy, 4–12 cm wide, commonly narrower in fr, the outer rays longer than the others (to 7 cm) and arching inwards; bracts pinnatifid into firm, elongate, filiform-subulate segments, scarious-margined below the segments, spreading or reflexed in fr; umbellets with mostly (10–)20- numerous white or faintly yellowish fls (the central fl of the whole infl usually, the others rarely, purple or pink); fr 3–4 mm, broadest at the middle; 2n=18. Native of Eurasia, now a weed throughout most of N. Amer. The cultivated carrot is a race of this sp."

    • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      Biennial herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves pinnate; ultimate leaf segments finely cut into many narrow segments. Umbels becoming strongly concave (forming a cup) in fruit. Flowers white to yellowish.

    • Provided by: [F].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Disturbed places.

    • Provided by: [F].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Native to Europe and Asia.

    • Provided by: [F].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • São Paulo

      Synonyms

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      CenouraPortuguese

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Apiaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • F All Rights Reserved
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).