Cyrilla racemiflora L.
  • Mant. Pl.
  • Titi


This taxon is accepted by Cyrillaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Plants to 10 m, frequently forming dense thickets. Leaves: petiole distinct; blade green, oblanceolate to elliptic, 1-10 × 0.5-2.5 cm, chartaceous to coriaceous, base cuneate, apex acute, rounded, or emarginate. Flowers fragrant; petals white or creamy white, 2.5-3.5 mm. Fruits ovoid to subglobose, 2-2.5 mm.

Cyrilla racemiflora L., Mant. Pl. 50. 1767; C. antillana Michx.

Arboles pequeños (en Nicaragua) hasta 10 m de alto o ligeramente más, ramas glabras. Hojas generalmente agrupadas en los extremos de las ramas, oblanceolado-elípticas a oblanceoladas, 2.5–8 cm de largo y 9–16 mm de ancho, con margen algo revoluto; pecíolos cortos. Racimos axilares, 6–12 cm de largo, con brácteas lanceoladas; sépalos 5, libres, hasta 1 mm de largo, persistentes; pétalos 5, blancos a rosado pálidos; estambres 5; ovario 2–3-locular, óvulos 3 por lóculo, péndulo-anátropos. Fruto seco, globoso a ovoide, 2–3 mm de largo.

Común, a lo largo de caños en la zona atlántica; 0–65 m; fl abr–jun, fr ene, jun; Stevens 7739, Vincelli 539; sureste de los Estados Unidos hasta el norte de Sudamérica y en las Antillas. Género monotípico.

Trees (in Panama) with thick, rough, brown bark; diam ca 45 cm; branches glabrous, terete; branchlets subterete to angulate, glabrous. Leaves crowded towards the ends of the branches, the blade oblanceolate, narrowly cuneate at base, acute to subobtuse at apex, recurved marginally, coriaceous, glabrous, the midvein prom- inent beneath, densely reticulate, 2-9 cm long, 1-2.4 cm broad; petiole to! 4 mm long, glabrous. Racemes 3.5-1.0 cm long, borne in the upper axils, erect to pendu- lous, glabrous; peduncles 4-10 mm long, glabrous; bracts 0.5-1.5 mm long, lance- olate, glabrous, persistent, ascending in bud, spreading to descending after anthesis. Flowers ascending in bud, spreading at anthesis, pedicellate, the pedicel 1-2 mm long, glabrous; bracteoles paired, alternate to opposite, 0.5-1 mm long, lanceolate, basally thickened, usually persistent, borne above the middle of the pedicel, spread- ing after anthesis; sepals 5, free, ovate-lanceolate to deltoid, acute at apex, 0.4-0.7 mm long, imbricate in bud; petals 5, inserted on a small glandular disk, o0blong- lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, acute at apex; stamens opposite the petals, 1.5-2 mm long, the filaments terete, the anthers versatile; ovaries sessile, 2-3(-4) -locular, the style persistent, the stigma 2-4-lobed. Fruits dry, globose, ovoid to oblong- ovoid, 1.6-2.7 mm in diam; seeds elongate; cotyledons short, inferior; radicle superior.

"Shrub or small tree to 10(–20) m; lvs leathery, persistent through much of the winter, oblanceolate to obovate, 5–10 cm, the petiole 5–8 mm; racemes several, borne just below the leafy branches of the season, spreading, slender, 6–15 cm, floriferous to the base; bracts subulate, equaling or longer than the pedicels; pet white, oblanceolate, 3 mm, slightly surpassing the stamens; fr gray, round-ovoid to depressed-globose, 2–3 mm, excluding the persistent short, 2–3-lobed style; 2n=40. Swamps and wet woods on the coastal plain; se. Va. to Tex., s. into n. S. Amer. June."

Distribution

This species is widely distributed in southeastern United States, the West Indies, British Guiana, Venezuela and is known from northwestern Brazil and southeastern Colombia. Previously the only reported collections in Central Amer- ica were from Oaxaca, Mexico and British Honduras.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
  • Roraima

Common Names

NameLanguage
Titi

 Information From

Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
  • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
Cyrillaceae
World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
MBG Floras Images
http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
  • C Missouri Botanical Garden
  • D Missouri Botanical Garden
New York Botanical Garden
Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
  • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
Flora de Panama
http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
  • F Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora of North America @ efloras.org
http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • G Flora of North America Association
Flora de Nicaragua
http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
  • H Missouri Botanical Garden
World Flora Online consortium
http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).