Cyrilla racemiflora L.
  • Mant. Pl.
  • Titi

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cyrilla racemiflora L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 20 Sep 2020'

General Information

Plants to 10 m, frequently forming dense thickets. Leaves: petiole distinct; blade green, oblanceolate to elliptic, 1-10 × 0.5-2.5 cm, chartaceous to coriaceous, base cuneate, apex acute, rounded, or emarginate. Flowers fragrant; petals white or creamy white, 2.5-3.5 mm. Fruits ovoid to subglobose, 2-2.5 mm.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Cyrilla racemiflora L., Mant. Pl. 50. 1767; C. antillana Michx.

    Arboles pequeños (en Nicaragua) hasta 10 m de alto o ligeramente más, ramas glabras. Hojas generalmente agrupadas en los extremos de las ramas, oblanceolado-elípticas a oblanceoladas, 2.5–8 cm de largo y 9–16 mm de ancho, con margen algo revoluto; pecíolos cortos. Racimos axilares, 6–12 cm de largo, con brácteas lanceoladas; sépalos 5, libres, hasta 1 mm de largo, persistentes; pétalos 5, blancos a rosado pálidos; estambres 5; ovario 2–3-locular, óvulos 3 por lóculo, péndulo-anátropos. Fruto seco, globoso a ovoide, 2–3 mm de largo.

    Común, a lo largo de caños en la zona atlántica; 0–65 m; fl abr–jun, fr ene, jun; Stevens 7739, Vincelli 539; sureste de los Estados Unidos hasta el norte de Sudamérica y en las Antillas. Género monotípico.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees (in Panama) with thick, rough, brown bark; diam ca 45 cm; branches glabrous, terete; branchlets subterete to angulate, glabrous. Leaves crowded towards the ends of the branches, the blade oblanceolate, narrowly cuneate at base, acute to subobtuse at apex, recurved marginally, coriaceous, glabrous, the midvein prom- inent beneath, densely reticulate, 2-9 cm long, 1-2.4 cm broad; petiole to! 4 mm long, glabrous. Racemes 3.5-1.0 cm long, borne in the upper axils, erect to pendu- lous, glabrous; peduncles 4-10 mm long, glabrous; bracts 0.5-1.5 mm long, lance- olate, glabrous, persistent, ascending in bud, spreading to descending after anthesis. Flowers ascending in bud, spreading at anthesis, pedicellate, the pedicel 1-2 mm long, glabrous; bracteoles paired, alternate to opposite, 0.5-1 mm long, lanceolate, basally thickened, usually persistent, borne above the middle of the pedicel, spread- ing after anthesis; sepals 5, free, ovate-lanceolate to deltoid, acute at apex, 0.4-0.7 mm long, imbricate in bud; petals 5, inserted on a small glandular disk, o0blong- lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, acute at apex; stamens opposite the petals, 1.5-2 mm long, the filaments terete, the anthers versatile; ovaries sessile, 2-3(-4) -locular, the style persistent, the stigma 2-4-lobed. Fruits dry, globose, ovoid to oblong- ovoid, 1.6-2.7 mm in diam; seeds elongate; cotyledons short, inferior; radicle superior.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Shrub or small tree to 10(–20) m; lvs leathery, persistent through much of the winter, oblanceolate to obovate, 5–10 cm, the petiole 5–8 mm; racemes several, borne just below the leafy branches of the season, spreading, slender, 6–15 cm, floriferous to the base; bracts subulate, equaling or longer than the pedicels; pet white, oblanceolate, 3 mm, slightly surpassing the stamens; fr gray, round-ovoid to depressed-globose, 2–3 mm, excluding the persistent short, 2–3-lobed style; 2n=40. Swamps and wet woods on the coastal plain; se. Va. to Tex., s. into n. S. Amer. June."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    This species is widely distributed in southeastern United States, the West Indies, British Guiana, Venezuela and is known from northwestern Brazil and southeastern Colombia. Previously the only reported collections in Central Amer- ica were from Oaxaca, Mexico and British Honduras.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Roraima

    Other Local Names


     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • J Botanic Gardens Conservation International