Cylicomorpha parviflora Urb.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Cylicomorpha parviflora Urb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000632303. Accessed on: 18 Nov 2019'

Morphology

Fruit to 8 cm. long, smooth, greenish-yellow.

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    Seeds up to 7 mm. long.

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    Male flowers: calyx ± entire, up to 4·5 mm. long and 4 mm. in diameter; corolla cream, tube to 2·5 cm. long and 4 mm. wide, with lanceolate lobes up to 1·5 cm. long; anthers to c. 5 mm. long; filaments of oppositisepalous stamens to 6 mm. long, of oppositipetalous ones to 3 mm. long, the staminal ring c. 2 mm. in height.

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    Female flowers: calyx up to 5 mm. long and 1 cm. in diameter; petals up to 3 × 1 cm., pale greenish abaxially and cream-coloured adaxially, oblong-acute; ovary up to 1·5 × 1 cm.; stigmas to 1·3 cm. long.

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    Leaves clustered at the top of the trunk and at branch ends, long-petiolate, glabrous; petioles up to 45 cm., hollow, striate; laminas up to 35 cm. in diameter, ± orbicular in outline, strongly cordate at base, shallowly to deeply palmately 3–5-lobed, the lobes broadly ovate-cuspidate, entire or with subsidiary lobes; young leaves conspicuously mottled with pale yellow or pink veins.

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    Inflorescences axillary, farinose; male up to 40 cm. long, many-flowered, paniculate, with slender branches; female up to 3·5 cm. long, 1–5-flowered, racemose with stout axis.

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    A fast-growing tree up to 35 m. high with soft white wood and smooth grey bark; trunk simple or sparsely branched at the apex, hollow; upper part of trunk and branches armed with straight conical prickles up to 2·5 cm. long.

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    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Female flowers : calyx to 5 mm. long and 1 cm. in diameter; corolla-lobes pale greenish externally, cream internally, to 3.0 cm. long, 1 cm. wide; androecium entirely absent; ovary 5-angled, to 1.5 cm. long, 1 cm. in diameter, glabrous; style to 3 mm. long; stigmas to 1.3 cm. long, densely beset with short papillose hairs.

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    • Source: [
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    Fruit a greenish-yellow, smooth, 5-angled berry, to 8 cm. long, closely resembling a small papaw; seeds to 7 mm. long, with acute apex.

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    • Source: [
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    Inflorescences axillary; ♂ paniculate, many-flowered with rhachis to 40 cm. long, ± farinose and flowers sessile; ♀ shortly racemose, bearing 1–5 flowers with rhachis thick and woody, to 3.5 cm. long, and pedicels short and stout, to 5 mm. long.

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    • Source: [
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    Male flowers : calyx to 4.5 mm. long, 4 mm. diam., lobes ± obsolete; corolla cream; tube to 2.5 cm. long and 4 mm. in diameter; lobes lanceolate, to 1.5 cm. long and 4 mm. wide; filaments of episepalous stamens to 6 mm. long, of epipetalous to 3 mm. long, all connate at base into a ± 2-mm. long tube; anthers linear-lanceolate; rudimentary ovary and style present.

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    A rapid-growing and short-lived medium to tall tree, height to 35 m.; trunk simple with very few branches, hollow, exuding copious white latex when cut; upper part of trunk and branches armed with short straight prickles; old bark becoming ± smooth and dark greenish-grey in colour.

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    • Source: [
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    Leaves clustered at branch tips; petioles to 45 cm. long, glabrous, terete; lamina broadly ovate to suborbicular in outline, to 25 cm. long, 35 cm. wide, palmately divided into 3–5 lobes but the terminal lobe sometimes deeply incised with a tendency to a 7-lobed condition, ± glabrous, main nerves 5–7, pinkish to pale yellow in colour, giving a very decorative appearance to young plants; lobes ± ovate or rhomboidal, ranging from ± same length as the undivided portion to four times as long; leaf-margin entire or lobulate.

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    Fig. 1.

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     Information From

    Caricaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International