Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
  • Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles


This taxon is accepted by Asparagaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

Morphology

Scrambler to 3 m. Cladodes ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Scandent, much branched perennials with shiny green, ovate phylloclades, deciduous or semideciduous. Rhizome cylindrical, bearing numerous fusiform root tubers ±40-60 x 10-20 mm, radially arranged, variable in size, close to rhizome. Stems twisting, wiry, smooth or ridged, up to 2 m tall. Branches usually short, with beaded ridges. Phylloclades variable in size and shape, ovate-acuminate, ±25-40 x 8-20 mm, flat or folded and curved, many-nerved but mostly with 3 more pronounced on each side; margin smooth or minutely denticulate. Flowers on pedicels ±10 mm long, articulated below prianth. Tepals 6-10 mm long, forming a tube in lower half, reflexed above. Stamens erect, connivent, expanded below into 2 small spreading teeth; anthers red. Ovary pear-shaped, stipitate, narrowed into a style as long as ovary; ovules ±15 cm each locule; stigmas short, spreading, ciliate. Berry globose, 10 mm in diameter, usually many-seeded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Spineless scrambler, up to 3 m long, root tubers spindle-shaped, close to but radiating from rhizome. Cladodes solitary, ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Scandent, much-branched, perennial herb, up to 5 m high. Roots with tubers attached close to and radiating from rhizome, fusiform, 40-60 x 10-15 mm. Spines absent. Cladodes solitary, ovate to cordate, 25-40 x 8-20 mm. Flowers: pendulous; style 1; tepals white with green stripes, cohering in lower half, forming a tube, spreading in upper half; Jul.-Sep. Fruit a berry.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Habitat

      Widespread in bush.

    • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Forest, wooded areas, riverbanks.

    • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Widespread and common in southern and eastern Cape forests and coastal valley bushveld; inland in wooded areas and along riverbanks.

      • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
        • Source: [
        • 2
        • ]. 

        In partial shade.

      • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
        • Source: [
        • 4
        • ]. 

        Distribution

        Gifberg to Port Elizabeth to tropical Africa.

      • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
        • Source: [
        • 1
        • ]. 

        In the eastern parts of Natal and Transvaal. Also recorded from Namibia and further north to tropical Africa.

      • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
        • Source: [
        • 2
        • ]. 

        Kamiesberg Mountains, Gifberg to Port Elizabeth through to tropical Africa, through to warm parts of Europe, naturalised in Australia.

      • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
        • Source: [
        • 4
        • ]. 

          Bibliography

        • 1 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Asparagaceae. 63 - 65. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
        • 2 Obermeyer, AA. 1992. Dracaenaceae, Asparagaceae, Luzuriagaceae and Smilacaceae: 2. Myrsiphyllum. In: O.A. Leistner (ed.). Fl. S. Africa 5(3): 71 - 82. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
        • 3 Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles
        • 4 Snijman, DA. 2013. Asparagaceae. 43 - 45. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

         Information From

        Asparagaceae
        World Flora Online Data. 2017.
        • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
        e-Flora of South Africa
        e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
        • B All Rights Reserved
        World Flora Online consortium
        http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
        World Flora Online Data. 2018.
        • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).