Scrambler to 3 m. Cladodes ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.
Scandent, much branched perennials with shiny green, ovate phylloclades, deciduous or semideciduous. Rhizome cylindrical, bearing numerous fusiform root tubers ±40-60 x 10-20 mm, radially arranged, variable in size, close to rhizome. Stems twisting, wiry, smooth or ridged, up to 2 m tall. Branches usually short, with beaded ridges. Phylloclades variable in size and shape, ovate-acuminate, ±25-40 x 8-20 mm, flat or folded and curved, many-nerved but mostly with 3 more pronounced on each side; margin smooth or minutely denticulate. Flowers on pedicels ±10 mm long, articulated below prianth. Tepals 6-10 mm long, forming a tube in lower half, reflexed above. Stamens erect, connivent, expanded below into 2 small spreading teeth; anthers red. Ovary pear-shaped, stipitate, narrowed into a style as long as ovary; ovules ±15 cm each locule; stigmas short, spreading, ciliate. Berry globose, 10 mm in diameter, usually many-seeded.
Spineless scrambler, up to 3 m long, root tubers spindle-shaped, close to but radiating from rhizome. Cladodes solitary, ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.
Scandent, much-branched, perennial herb, up to 5 m high. Roots with tubers attached close to and radiating from rhizome, fusiform, 40-60 x 10-15 mm. Spines absent. Cladodes solitary, ovate to cordate, 25-40 x 8-20 mm. Flowers: pendulous; style 1; tepals white with green stripes, cohering in lower half, forming a tube, spreading in upper half; Jul.-Sep. Fruit a berry.
Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Forest, wooded areas, riverbanks.
Widespread and common in southern and eastern Cape forests and coastal valley bushveld; inland in wooded areas and along riverbanks.
In the eastern parts of Natal and Transvaal. Also recorded from Namibia and further north to tropical Africa.