Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce
  • Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000631590. Accessed on: 25 Feb 2020'

Morphology

Scrambler to 3 m. Cladodes ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Scandent, much branched perennials with shiny green, ovate phylloclades, deciduous or semideciduous. Rhizome cylindrical, bearing numerous fusiform root tubers ±40-60 x 10-20 mm, radially arranged, variable in size, close to rhizome. Stems twisting, wiry, smooth or ridged, up to 2 m tall. Branches usually short, with beaded ridges. Phylloclades variable in size and shape, ovate-acuminate, ±25-40 x 8-20 mm, flat or folded and curved, many-nerved but mostly with 3 more pronounced on each side; margin smooth or minutely denticulate. Flowers on pedicels ±10 mm long, articulated below prianth. Tepals 6-10 mm long, forming a tube in lower half, reflexed above. Stamens erect, connivent, expanded below into 2 small spreading teeth; anthers red. Ovary pear-shaped, stipitate, narrowed into a style as long as ovary; ovules ±15 cm each locule; stigmas short, spreading, ciliate. Berry globose, 10 mm in diameter, usually many-seeded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Scandent, much-branched, perennial herb, up to 5 m high. Roots with tubers attached close to and radiating from rhizome, fusiform, 40-60 x 10-15 mm. Spines absent. Cladodes solitary, ovate to cordate, 25-40 x 8-20 mm. Flowers: pendulous; style 1; tepals white with green stripes, cohering in lower half, forming a tube, spreading in upper half; Jul.-Sep. Fruit a berry.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Spineless scrambler, up to 3 m long, root tubers spindle-shaped, close to but radiating from rhizome. Cladodes solitary, ovate. Flowers nodding, solitary in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Widespread in bush.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Widespread and common in southern and eastern Cape forests and coastal valley bushveld; inland in wooded areas and along riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Forest, wooded areas, riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    In partial shade.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Gifberg to Port Elizabeth to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    In the eastern parts of Natal and Transvaal. Also recorded from Namibia and further north to tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Kamiesberg Mountains, Gifberg to Port Elizabeth through to tropical Africa, through to warm parts of Europe, naturalised in Australia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Asparagaceae. 63 - 65. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 Obermeyer, AA. 1992. Dracaenaceae, Asparagaceae, Luzuriagaceae and Smilacaceae: 2. Myrsiphyllum. In: O.A. Leistner (ed.). Fl. S. Africa 5(3): 71 - 82. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles
    • 4 Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Asparagaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 846 - 851. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 5 Snijman, DA. 2013. Asparagaceae. 43 - 45. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).