Asparagus aethiopicus L.
  • Mant. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asparagus aethiopicus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000631225. Accessed on: 23 Feb 2020'

Morphology

Tall, woody, robust climbers up to 3 m high, young stems twining. Rhizome compact, bearing many long roots with side roots forming ellipsoid tubers ±20 mm long, as well as a large network of white, branched rootlets. Stems firm, smooth, woody, ribbed when young, pale. Spines short, ±10-20 mm long, exserted, recurved, hard. Branches many, close together, fairly equal in length, ±120 mm long; on older branches branchlets appear from knobs above spines and are enveloped basally by a flush of small bracts. Cladodes 10-15 cm a fascicle, terete or ridged, 10-40 mm long, 1.0-1.5 mm wide, apiculate, discoid at the base, glaucous green. Racemes many, placed all along the branches, from basal side buds, usually exserted, simple or with some short branchlets; tepals with the 3 outer perianth segments minutely ciliate, forming a long pericladium, white; pedicels short, subtended by bracts, both persisting after flowers have dropped off. Stamens with orange (or red?) anthers. Ovary dark, contracted below; ovules 10 cm each locule. Berry red.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Spiny climber to 3 m, stems pale and ribbed, spines hooked. Cladodes 4-6 in fascicles, terete. Flowers in racemes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Spiny climber, up to 3 m long, stems pale, ribbed when young, spines short, hooked. Cladodes 4-6 in fascicles, terete, greyish green. Flowers in axillary racemes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Usually in dry areas, shale hills, coastal bush.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Mainly dry bush.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Mainly in dry shrubland.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A common species in the Cape Province, widespread both in western and eastern parts, but not in central Karoo or Northern Cape.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Namaqualand to Transkei.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Springbok to Cape Peninsula, Matjiesfontein, Prince Albert, Great Karoo to Transkei.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Immelman, KL; Obermeyer, AA. 1992. Dracaenaceae, Asparagaceae, Luzuriagaceae and Smilacaceae: 1. Protasparagus. In: O.A. Leistner (ed.). Fl. S. Africa 5(3): 11 - 70. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Asparagaceae. 63 - 65. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Mant. Pl.
    • 4 Snijman, DA. 2013. Asparagaceae. 43 - 45. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).