Cordia myxa L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cordia myxa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000620765. Accessed on: 30 Oct 2020'

Morphology

A shrub or tree up to 40 ft. high with stout stem, nearly glabrous branchlets

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    Cream-white flowers 1/3 in. long in lax paniculate cymes.

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    Female: calyx tubular-campanulate, 6–8.5 mm. long, irregularly 3–4-toothed, glabrous outside save for tips of lobes, densely pubescent inside; corolla-tube 4.5–6.5 mm. long; lobes 4–6, elliptic to obovate, 5–7 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. wide, reflexed and rolled up; stamens with filaments 1.5–2.5 mm. long, ± pubescent; anthers sterile; ovary ellipsoid or obovoid, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 2–2.7 mm. wide; style exserted, 8–9 mm. long, deeply divided into 4 stigmatic branches 4–5 mm. long, flattened and subfoliaceous with irregular or erose-denticulate margins.

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    Male: calyx campanulate, 4.5–5.5 mm. long, 3-lobed, glabrous outside, pubescent to tomentose at apex inside; corolla white; tube 3.5–4.5 mm. long; lobes 5, elliptic, 5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, reflexed; stamens exserted, the filaments 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary and style absent.

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    Fig. 1/3.

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    Fruit yellow, apricot or blackish, ovoid, (1.2–)2–3.5 cm. long, apiculate, held in the accrescent campanulate calyx (0.7–1 cm. long, 1.2–1.5(–2) cm. wide), which is ± obscurely lobed or subtruncate; pulp mucilaginous and sweet; endocarp broadly ellipsoid or ± globose, ± 1.2 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, deeply rugose, 4-locular but only 1 seed developing.

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    Tree 6–12 m. tall, sometimes rather twisted, with young stems hairy but soon glabrous, older with circular petiolar scars.

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    Cymes in terminal lax panicles, often on short lateral branches, 3–8.5 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, axes glabrous to sparsely pubescent; pedicels 1–2 mm. long, articulate at the apex.

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    Leaves broadly ovate to subcircular, or sometimes obovate, 3–18 cm. long, 3–20 cm. wide, rounded to cordate or cuneate at the base, rounded to shortly obtusely acuminate at the apex, entire or repand-dentate, subcoriaceous, glabrous above, glabrous to ± densely pubescent beneath or even velvety; petiole 0.6–3.5 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely hairy.

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    Stamens inserted at the corolla-throat; filaments 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy at the base; anthers 1.8–2.0 mm. long, oblong-sagittate, sometimes sterile.

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    Corolla cream-coloured, glabrous; tube 3.5–6.5 mm. long, cylindrical; lobes 4–6, 5–7 x 2.0–3.5 mm., elliptic to obovate, obtuse at apex, reflexed and ± coiled.

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    Fruit up to 30 mm. long, ovoid or globose, apiculate, glabrous, yellowish when ripe, surrounded at base by the widely enlarged campanulate calyx; pyrene c. 25 x 12 x 8 mm., more or less subwinged, 1–2-seeded.

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    Ovary c. 3 mm. long, ellipsoid; style c. 8 mm. long in total length with stigmatic branches c. 5 mm. long, oblong, wide flattened with ± deeply toothed or lobed margins.

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    Flowers variable, apparently all male but probably functionally unisexual and bisexual; buds 4–5 mm. long, obovoid, puberulous or pubescent on the upper part and sometimes brush-like at apex.

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    Calyx 5–8 mm. long, narrowly campanulate, irregularly 3–5-toothed, glabrous or subglabrous outside, densely pubescent inside.

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    Leaves alternate; petiole 1.5–4.5 cm. long, stout, glabrous or subglabrous; lamina 5–16 x 5–16 cm., broadly ovate to circular, glabrous or hairy only on the nerves above, pubescent to subglabrous but hairy at the axils below, rounded to shortly and obtusely acuminate at apex, obtuse to subcordate, rarely subacute at base, margins entire to slightly dentate or crenate-dentate, leathery, with 3–7 nerves from the base, the middle one with 3–5 secondary nerves on each side, net-veined.

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    Cymes arranged in few-flowered lax terminal panicles, 3–8 cm. long, sometimes on short lateral branches; rhachis and branches glabrous or subglabrous.

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    Small tree up to 10 m. high with spreading crown and long glabrous or subglabrous young shoots; leaf scars very prominent.

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     Information From

    Boraginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International