Cordia monoica Roxb.
  • Pl. Coromandel


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cordia monoica Roxb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000620753. Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

Morphology

Leaves alternate; blades elliptic, ovate, obovate or ± rounded, (1–)2.5–8(–11 or –13 on coppice) cm. long, (1–)2–9 cm. wide, rounded, apiculate or often emarginate at the apex, less often acute, cuneate to rounded at the base, entire, denticulate or rarely distinctly repand-dentate, rugose and mostly very scabrid above with minute tubercle-based hairs together with sparse branched hairs, densely ± softly white pubescent beneath; venation reticulate beneath, often reddish; petiole (0.5–)1.2–5 cm. long, brownish tomentose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Much-branched spreading shrub or small tree branched from the base, 1.5–8(–15) m. tall; crown usually spreading; bark rather rough, grey, but sometimes smooth and flaking in long strips (see note); branches longitudinally striate, with ± ferruginous indumentum and often velvety when young, later glabrescent, with short internodes and prominent reniform or semicircular petiole-scars.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Female and hermaphrodite : filaments 2–3 mm. long; corolla 4–5-merous; ovary ovoid, 3–3.5(–5) mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide, glabrous; style exserted, 6–10 mm. long; stigmatic branches 3–5 mm. long, recurved.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Fig. 4/2–4.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Fruits yellow or orange but also reported to be olive-black to black, ovoid or obovoid, 0.9–2 cm. long, 0.6–1.2 cm. wide, sitting in the persistent 1 cm. wide accrescent calyx, 3–4-locular but usually 1-seeded by abortion.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Male: filaments either 6 mm. long or 2–3 mm. long in what appears to be different forms; corolla and stamens 5(–6)-merous; gynoecium absent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Corolla greenish white to pale yellow, 1–1.2 cm. wide; tube cylindric, 4–7 mm. long; lobes 3–5, oblong to narrowly obovate, 3.5–5.5(–6.5) mm. long, 1–2.5 mm. wide, spreading.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Calyx tubular-campanulate, 6–8.5 mm. long, 5–8 mm. wide, tomentose outside with simple and branched hairs, glabrous or sparsely pubescent inside, 3–5-lobed or sometimes ± 2-lipped or irregularly torn.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers fragrant, hermaphrodite or unisexual in terminal or axillary panicles of cymes 2–6 cm. long, few-flowered, the axes fulvous-tomentose; pedicels articulate at the apex, 0.2–0.8(–3) mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Calyx 6–8 mm. long, narrowly campanulate or infundibuliform, irregularly 3–5-toothed, rough to minutely fulvous-tomentose outside, sparsely pubescent to glabrous inside.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamous on pedicels up to 2 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Corolla yellow, glabrous; tube 4–7 mm. long, cylindrical; lobes (4)5(6), 4–6(7) x 1 -2 mm., oblong to narrowly obovate, rounded at apex, reflexed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Shrub or small tree up to 5(7) m. high; branchlets angular, usually rough and minutely fulvous-tomentose when young with stellate, ± branched or simple hairs, glabrescent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Cymes arranged in usually few-flowered terminal or very rarely axillary panicles 1.5–5(7) cm. long; rhachis and branches minutely fulvous-tomentose.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate; petiole 0.5–2.5(3.5) cm. long, flat or slightly canaliculate above; lamina 3–10(14) x 2–8(10) cm., ovate, obovate or subcircular, sometimes elliptic, rough and sometimes also with some stellate or variously branched hairs above, densely pubescent to rough and often with stellate or branched hairs mainly on the nerves below, obtuse or rounded and sometimes shortly acuminate at apex, obtuse to truncate, rarely acute at base, with subentire, crenate to crenate-serrate margins, leathery and with 3–5 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib, the lower ones basal or nearly so and stronger than the other.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stamens (or staminodes) as many as the corolla lobes, inserted at the corolla-throat; filaments 1.5–4.0 mm. long, slender, glabrous or with a few long hairs at the base; anthers 1.5–2.0 mm. long on the male flowers and c. 1 mm. long on the female and male ones, but on the latter ones often almost sterile.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Ovary c. 2 mm. long, ovoid-conical, glabrous, on the male flowers vestigial; style 7–9 mm. in total length, first-forked at 1.5–3.5 mm. and with stigmatic branches 2.5–5.0 mm. long, linear.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Fruit 15–22 x 10–15 mm., ovoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, glabrous, orange when ripe, surrounded at the lower third by the widely enlarged campanulate calyx; mesocarp fleshy; pyrene c. 10 x 7 mm., usually deeply cleft at the apex, ± circular in cut across, 1–3-seeded.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Small tree or shrub, up to 5(-7) m high. Leaves pinnately or 3-nerved from base, densely covered with short, rigid excrescences above; ovate, obovate or sub-circular, sometimes elliptic; densely pubescent to rough and often with stellate or branched hairs mainly on nerves below; margins subentire, crenate to crenate-serrate. Calyx not ridged or prominently nerved; densely scabrous or roughish and tawny-tomentose. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Sandy or alluvial soils near rivers, sometimes on anthills.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Boraginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International