Corchorus velutinus Wild
  • Bol. Soc. Brot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Corchorus velutinus Wild. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000620206. Accessed on: 29 Nov 2020'

Morphology

Stamens numerous, filiform.

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    • 1
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    Ovary 3-locular, cylindric, shortly stellately villous; style c. 4 mm. long, glabrous.

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    Petals yellow, up to 10 × 3 mm., narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, with a small claw c. 1·2 mm. long at the base with its margins very shortly stellately pubescent.

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    Androgynophore 0·5 mm. tall, with an annulus above.

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    Capsule c. 3 cm. long, cylindric, not beaked, sometimes slightly torulose, greyish-or yellowish-velvety-tomentose with tufted longer stellate hairs scattered among the shorter indumentum.

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    Small shrub up to 1 m. tall; all parts except the corolla with a short dense velvety greyish-yellow indumentum; old stems becoming glabrous, with a brownish bark.

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    Seeds numerous, very dark brown, c. 2·5 × 1·2 mm., irregularly ellipsoid.

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    Leaf-lamina 2–5 × 0·6–2·5 cm., narrowly oblong or narrowly elliptic, submucronate-obtuse at the apex, dentate or repand-dentate at the margin, widely cuneate at the base, with 13–15 pairs of rather inconspicuous nerves slightly impressed above and slightly raised below; petiole c. 1 cm. long; stipules 1–2 mm. long, subulate, caducous.

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    Inflorescences of small 3–11-flowered cymes opposite the upper leaves or home some distance from the nodes; peduncles up to 1·5 cm. long; pedicels similar, up to 1·5 cm. long; bracts c. 2 mm. long, subulate.

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    Sepals up to 10 × 2·5 mm., narrowly elliptic or very narrowly elliptic, somewhat keeled dorsally, caudate at the apex, velvety outside, glabrous within.

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    Small shrub, 1 m high. All parts with short, dense, velvety, greyish yellow indumentum. Nerves inconspicuous. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Small shrub up to 1 m tall, all parts except the corolla with a short, dense, velvety, greyish yellow indumentum, the old stems becoming glabrous finally with a brownish bark. Leaf-blade 20-50 x 6-25 mm, narrowly oblong or narrowly elliptic, submucronate and obtuse at the apex, widely cuneate at the base, dentate or repand-dentate at the margin, with 13-15 pairs of rather inconspicuous nerves which are slightly immersed above and slightly raised below; petiole about 10 mm long; stipules 1-2 mm long, caducous, subulate. Inflorescence of small, 3-11-flowered cymes opposite the upper leaves or borne some distance from the nodes; peduncles up to 15 mm long; pedicels similar, up to 15 mm long; bracts about 2 mm long, subulate. Sepals up to 10 x 2.5 mm, narrowly elliptic or very narrowly elliptic, somewhat keeled dorsally, caudate at the apex (thus rendering the bud apiculate at its apex), velvety outside, glabrous within. Petals yellow, up to 10 x 3 mm, narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, with a small basal claw about 1.2 mm long and with a very shortly stellately pubescent margin. Androgynophore 0.5 mm tall, with an annulus above. Stamens numerous, filiform. Ovary 3- locular, cylindric, shortly stellately villose; style about 4 mm long, glabrous. Capsule cylindric, not beaked, sometimes slightly torulose, greyish or yellowish velvety-tomentose with longer tufted hairs scattered among the shorter stellate indumentum; seeds numer ous, about 2.5 x 1.2 mm, irregularly ellipsoid, very dark brown.

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    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Dry deciduous woodland on sandy soils in the Limpopo valley.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    A species of dry deciduous woodland on sandy soils.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    In the Limpopo valley. Occurs also in the adjacent parts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963
    • 2 Bol. Soc. Brot.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Wild, H. 1984. Tiliaceae. Fl. S. Africa 21(1): 1 - 44. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).