Corchorus olitorius L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Corchorus olitorius L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000620125. Accessed on: 20 Sep 2020'

General Information

Herbs woody, 1-3 m tall. Stipule ovate-lanceolate, ca. 1 cm; petiole 0.8-3.5 cm, puberulent; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate, 7-10 × 2-4.5 cm, glabrous, basal veins 5, lateral veins 7-10 pairs, base rounded, margin serrulate, apex acuminate. Flowers solitary or 1-3 arranged in cymes, axillary, opposite to leaves; peduncle and pedicel short. Sepals oblong, hairy at base,
apex long awned. Petals oblong, as long as or slightly shorter than sepals, stalked at base; stalk ciliate. Stamens on very short androgynophore, glabrous. Ovary 5-loculed, hairy; style glabrous; stigma disk-shaped, lobed. Capsule cylindrical, slightly curved, 10-angled, robust, 5-6-valved, 3-8 cm, apex beaked, with single awn. Seeds obconic, slightly angled, separated by septum. Fl. summer-autumn.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    A more or less glabrous herb, often woody at the base

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Flowers yellow

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    A common form has laciniate leaves.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Sepals 5, 5–8.5 mm long, 1.5–3 mm wide, ciliate at the basal margin.

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    Inflorescences of 1–2(–3)-flowered fascicles; peduncles up to 2 mm, glabrous; pedicels up to 2 mm; bracts up to 3 mm long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 18/10 (fruit, p. 103).

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds angular, 1.5–2 mm long, irregularly ribbed, black.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Capsule cylindric, 10-ribbed, straight or slightly curved on erect pedicels, 2–8 cm long, 0.4–0.7 cm wide, splitting into 5 valves, tapering to a beak.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 5, 5–7 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, pale yellow, oblanceolate, with a short ciliate claw at the base; stamens ∞; ovary cylindric, minutely setulose, to 3.5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Annual herb to 2.5 m, mainly glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves elliptic to narrowly elliptic, oblong-ovate or ovate, chartaceous, 4.5–14 cm long, 1–5 cm wide, margins serrate with 2 basal serrations prolonged into 2 setae up to 2.3 cm long, rounded at base, acute to acuminate, prominently nerved above and beneath, with setaceous hairs; petioles 1.4–5 cm long, covered with setaceous hairs on upper surface; stipule 0.5–1.6 cm long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary cylindric, 10-ribbed, very minutely setulose and glandular, 5-locular, many-ovuled.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Capsule 1–8 cm. long, cylindric, appressed to the stem, straight or slightly curved, somewhat torulose, 10-ribbed, 5-valved, with a straight undivided beak c. 1·2 cm. long and inner surface of valves transversely septate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds blackish, c. 2·3 × 2 mm., angular.

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    Petals yellow, c. 7 mm. long, oblanceolate, with a short ciliate claw at the base.

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    Ovary clasped at the base by a cupular annulus c. 0·5 mm. long with somewhat undulate margin.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens c. 20.

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    Leaf-lamina 3–10 × 2–5 cm., ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, thin-textured, apex acute, margin serrate or serrate-crenate with the two lowest serrations prolonged into elongated setaceous appendages c. 1 cm. long, rounded at the base, glabrous on both surfaces or setulose on the nerves beneath; petiole up to 5 cm. long, pubescent on the upper side; stipules c. 1 cm. long, setaceous, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Coarse erect annual up to 2 m. tall; young branches somewhat angular or sulcate, glabrous.

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    Sepals c. 7 mm. long, linear, thin-textured, bluntly caudate at the apex, glabrous.

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    Inflorescences of small 2–3-flowered cymes opposite the upper leaves; peduncles very short, c. 1 mm. long, glabrous; pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracts c. 5 mm. long, setaceous, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Coarse, annual herb, 2 m high. Capsule 10-ribbed, 5-valved. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Coarse erect annual up to 2 m tall; young branches somewhat angular or sulcate, glabrous. Leaf-blade 30-100 x 20-50 mm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, thin-textured, apex acute, rounded at the base, margin serrate or serrate-crenate, the two lowest serrations prolonged as setaceous appendages about 10 mm long, glabrous on both sides or setulose on the nerves beneath; petiole up to 50 mm long, pubescent on the upper side; stipules about 10 mm long, setaceous, glabrous. Inflorescence of small 2-3-flowered cymes opposite the upper leaves; peduncles very short, about 1 mm long, glabrous; pedicels 1-2 mm long; bracts about 5 mm long, setaceous, glabrous. Sepals about 7 mm long, linear, thin-textured, bluntly caudate at the apex, glabrous. Petals yellow, about 7 mm long, oblanceolate, with a short basal claw with ciliate margin. Androgynophore about 0.5 mm tall; annulus with an undulated margin clasping the base of the ovary. Stamens filamentous, about 20. Ovary cylindric, 10-ribbed, very minutely setulose and glandular, 5-locular, many-ovuled. Capsule 20-80 mm long, cylindric, appressed to the stem, straight or slightly curved, somewhat torulose, 10-ribbed, with a straight, undivided beak about 12 mm long, inner surface of valves transversely septate; seeds blackish about 2.3 x 2 mm, angular.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Ecology

    Cultivated or subspontaneous

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Habitat

    Open brackish flats.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Widely distributed as a weed of cultivation.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Recorded from South West Atrica/Namibia, Natal and Transvaal.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Uses

    One of the plants which yield jute.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).