Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Commiphora pyracanthoides Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000617424. Accessed on: 04 Apr 2020'

Morphology

Disk-lobes 4.

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    Fruit c. 9 × 7 mm., broadly ellipsoid, somewhat asymmetric with abruptly pointed apex, glabrous; pseudaril with 3 (4) arms; endocarp c. 7 × 5 mm., smooth.

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    Stamen-filaments slender, subterete.

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    Low spreading much-branched shrub 1–2 m. tall or a small tree up to c. 8 m. tall, spiny, bark grey and papery; young branches glabrous.

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    Petals 4–5 mm. long.

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    Calyx c. 2 mm. long, lobed to halfway, glabrous or ± densely glandular.

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    Flowers appearing before the leaves in subsessile clusters on short side-shoots or on the spines.

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    Leaves 1-foliolate or very rarely (? only at the northern extremity of the range in N. Rhodesia) with very much smaller lateral leaflets; petiole up to 2 mm. long, glabrous or with a few minute glands and 4: pilose; leaflet-lamina up to 7·5 × 3·2 cm. (but usually smaller), narrowly obovate to obovate or more rarely elliptic, apex acute or sometimes obtuse, margins crenate-serrate, base cuneate, glabrous on both surfaces or with a few scattered glands especially towards the base of the midrib, rarely shortly pubescent when very young.

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    Polygamous or dioecious many-stemmed shrub or small tree, up to 3 m high. Bark yellow to green, flaking In yellowish papery pieces to expose green underlayer. Branchlets spine-tipped. Leaves simple or 3-foliolate; lamina elliptic, narrowly obovate or obovate, margin finely crenate-serrate. Flowers yellowish green to red.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dioecious or polygamous many-stemmed shrub, 0.5-3.0 m tall, occasionally a small tree with single trunk up to 3 m tall; bark greyish green or yellowish green, flaking in small yellowish papery pieces; young branchlets glabrous, spine-tipped. Leaves usually simple but on long shoots often trifoliolate with smaller lateral leaflets, with long glandular hairs at base but otherwise glabrous, green, subsessile, margin finely crenate-serrate, occasionally almost entire, apex acute or obtuse, base cuneate, lamina of simple leaves/terminal leaflet elliptic, narrowly obovate or obovate, (16-)25(-55) x (8-)16(-32) mm, lateral leaflets narrowly elliptic or elliptic, (4-)8(-12) x (2-)3(-10) mm. Inflorescence: reduced cymes of flowers borne in clusters. Flowers unisexual or bisexual, hypogynous. Pedicel 0.5-1.0 mm long, pedicel and calyx without glandular hairs (glabrous). Disc 4-lobed, folded to form 4 large lobes towards the outside, inside of lobes deeply grooved, not adnate to perianth. Stamens 8. Fruit ellipsoid to subglobose, ±11 x 8 x 7 mm, glabrous; putamen rugose, with a hump on less convex face; pseudo-aril red, with 4 arms of equal length reaching almost to apex of putamen.

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    Habitat

    Woodland, thornveld, broken mopani veld.

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    It grows in sandy, well-drained soil in savanna-woodland, shrub-thornveld and broken mopaniveld.

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    • Source: [
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    Distribution

    Widely distributed in S.W.A./Namibia, Botswana, northern Tvl., Swaziland and northern Zululand. Known from a few localities in northern Cape. Also recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

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      Bibliography

    • 1 Burseraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963
    • 2 Bot. Jahrb. Syst.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Van der Walt, JJA. 1986. Simaroubaceae-Malpighiaceae: Burseraceae. In: O.A. Leistner (ed.). Fl. S. Africa 18(3): 5 - 34. BRI, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International