Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl.
  • Monogr. Phan.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Commiphora edulis (Klotzsch) Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000617251. Accessed on: 29 Mar 2020'

Morphology

Flowers appearing with the young or mature leaves, in axillary paniculate cymes up to 15 cm. long; side-branches short; branches of inflorescence densely pubescent; bracteoles c. 4 mm. long, caducous, brown, pubescent; pedicels clustered, very short or flowers sessile.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves pinnate; petiole up to 8 (10) cm. long, pubescent; leaflets 2–4-jugate, up to 9·5 × 4 cm., oblong, narrowly ovate-elliptic or elliptic, apex acute or subacute, margin entire, base rounded (cuneate in terminal leaflet), scabrous above, harshly and densely pubescent below; petiolules up to 1 mm. long, densely pubescent.

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    Calyx c. 3·5 mm. long, cylindric-campanulate, lobed to rather more than half-way, densely pubescent outside.

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    Disk-lobes not developed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit c. 2 × 1·2 cm., ellipsoid, pubescent; pseudaril cupular, very fleshy, clasping the lowest third of the endocarp, with 4 short lobes or undulations; endocarp c. 1·5 × 1 cm., ellipsoid, smooth, both faces moderately convex.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Shrub or small tree up to 10 m. tall; bark pale grey, smooth, under layer green peeling; young branches densely pubescent.

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    • Source: [
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    Petals c. 5 mm. long.

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    Stamen-filaments slender, broadening and flattening somewhat towards the base.

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    Flowers greenish yellow, fragrant, appearing just before or with the young leaves.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves densely pubescent beneath, up to 22 cm. long including a petiole of up to 6 cm., 3–9(–11)-foliolate; leaflets up to 7 cm. long and 3 cm. wide on petiolules under 1.5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Shrub, usually branching from the base though sometimes described as a small tree 2–7–8(–10) m. tall; bark pale grey, smooth; slash dull red or layered red and orange, rather rough; exudate not or but faintly scented, scanty or sometimes more copious and milky; young stems densely pubescent, fluted, 3–4 mm. in diameter.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescence densely pubescent, the ♂ a narrow spiciform interrupted panicle consisting of clusters of cymes on an axis up to 15 cm. long including a peduncle up to 35 mm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 4 mm.; pedicels 1–3 mm. long; receptacle cup-shaped, ± 0.8 mm. wide and deep; calyx densely pubescent, ± 2 mm. long, divided ± halfway into acute ovate lobes; petals oblong, glabrous, 4–5 mm. long; filaments 3 and 2 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.6 mm. long. Female inflorescence much shorter, under 25 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit-stalk 10–20(–60) mm. long of which the pedicel is under 2 mm.; fruit pubescent, elliptic-ovoid, ± 20 × 8 × (7 + 8) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, very fleshy, ± 3 mm. thick; pseudaril cupular, with 4 broadly triangular lobes; stone smooth, ellipsoid, gently rounded on both sides, ± 15 × 9 × (2 + 3–4) mm.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Many-stemmed shrub or small tree, up to 6 m high. Bark flaking in small yellowish, papery pieces. Leaves pinnate, pubescent but scabrous above, greyish green; leaflets narrowly elliptic to ovate, (30-)50(-65) x (20-)22(-30) mm, margin entire. Flowers yellowish green.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dioecious many-stemmed shrub or small tree 2-6 m tall; bark light grey, smooth or flaking in small yellowish papery pieces; young branchlets densely pubescent, obtuse. Leaves pinnate, 2-6-jugate, pubescent, but scabrous above, greyish green; petiole 30-80 mm long, with medullary vascular bundles; leaflets narrowly elliptic to narrowly ovate, (30-)50(-65) x (20-)22(-30) mm; petiolules 4-10 mm long; margin usually entire, seldom finely crenate-serrate, apex acute or rounded, base obtuse. Inflorescence: compound dichasial cymes or thyrsoid up to 150 mm long, pubescent. Flowers unisexual, perigynous. Pedicel 1.0-1.5 mm long, pedicel, calyx and hypanthium pubescent. Disc much reduced without distinct lobes, adnate to hypanthium. Stamens 8. Fruit subglobose, ±24 x 23 x 23 mm, pilose; putamen smooth; pseudo-aril red, cupular with 4 short lobes, covering lower third of putamen.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Woodland, broken mopani veld, sandy soil.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    It grows in savanna-woodland or broken mopaniveld in well-drained, sandy soil. Also recorded from Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Occurs on Mpilila Island in the Caprivi strip (S.W.A./Namibia), Botswana and northern Tvl. where it is particularly common in the vicinity of the Limpopo River.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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     Information From

    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International