Commiphora capensis (Sond.) Engl.
  • Monogr. Phan.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Commiphora capensis (Sond.) Engl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000617211. Accessed on: 08 Apr 2020'

Morphology

Thick-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree, up to 4 m tall; bark smooth, with dark patches; branches with rigid, dwarf spur-branchlets. Leaves trifoliolate, obovate to ± circular, dark green, glabrous. Flowers small, greenish yellow. Fruit a small, round berry.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Dioecious shrub-like tree 0.5-4.0 m tall, trunk branching near ground level into thick stems with succulent appearance; bark yellowish brown with dark patches, usually not peeling but occasionally flaking locally in small papery pieces; young branchlets glabrous, not spine-tipped. Leaves trifoliolate, glabrous, green; petiole 1-10 mm long; leaflets cordate, obovate or occasionally orbicular; petiolules 0.5-2.0 mm long; margin undulate or crenate, occasionally almost entire, apex emarginate or obtuse, base cuneate, seldom truncate, terminal leaflet (4-)9(-18) x (3-)8(-14) mm, lateral leaflets (3-)6(-13) x (2-)5(-10) mm. Inflorescence: simple dichasial cymes up to 10 mm long, glandular, or flowers solitary. Flowers unisexual, perigynous. Pedicel 0.5-1.0 mm long, calyx and hypanthium fleshy, calyx, hypanthium and corolla glandular. Disc 4-lobed, adnate to hypanthium. Stamens 8. Fruit ellipsoid, ±12 x 10 x 6 mm, glabrous; putamen smooth; pseudo-aril absent.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Rocky slopes or outcrops.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    These areas are extremely dry and hot with an annual rainfall of less than 80 mm.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Lüderitz area to Richtersveld and E to Goodhouse.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Confined to the semi-desert areas of north-western Cape and southern S.W. A./Namibia. It grows in the mountains in the vicinity of the Orange River from Goodhouse westwards to the Richtersveld.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Monogr. Phan.
    • 2 Snijman, DA. 2013. Burseraceae. 341 - 342. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Van der Walt, JJA. 1986. Simaroubaceae-Malpighiaceae: Burseraceae. In: O.A. Leistner (ed.). Fl. S. Africa 18(3): 5 - 34. BRI, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Burseraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International