Combretum mkuzense J.D.Carr & Retief
  • Bothalia

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Combretum mkuzense J.D.Carr & Retief. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 01 Apr 2020'


Large shrub up to 5 m tall, widely spreading (to 12 m) with many near-horizontal lateral branches with apices sometimes twining; bark mainly smooth, pale buff-coloured with longitudinal reticulation and occasionally with dark grey bands, flaking; young branchlets light green, glabrous to sparsely puberulous and lepidote. Leaves opposite, exstipulate, petiolate; lamina elliptic to oblong-elliptic, (30-)45(-80) x (15-)20(-30) mm, base rounded, apex obtuse or occasionally retuse, slightly discolorous, upper surface deep green, glabrous except for scales, sometimes with a few cilia at the base, veins slightly immersed, lower surface paler green, glabrous except for scales and a few trichomes on the midrib, hairy pockets sometimes present, 5-7 pairs of lateral veins raised; petioles 4-9 mm long, lepidote, puberulous. Scales 45-85 µm in diam., 8-celled with a number of tangential walls. Inflorescence a spike, up to 25 mm long, singly or in pairs at the apices of previous year's growth and in axils on current extensions; peduncle and rhachis light green, sparsely puberulous, densely lepidote. Flowers sessile, 4-merous; bracteoles ± 0.5 mm long, lepidote; lower receptacle 2-2.3 mm long including restriction at junction with upper receptacle, brownish green, sparsely puberulous with dense yellowish stalked scales; upper receptacle cupuliform, surrounding the disc, distal portion infundibuliform, overall length ± 3 mm, width at sepal apices ± 3 mm, green, sparsely puberulous with whitish scales. Sepals triangular, ± 0.8 mm long, apices fringed with short whitish hairs. Petals 4, pale green, spathulate, glabrous, ± 1.5 mm long. Stamens 8; filaments light green, 6-6.5 mm long; anthers light yellow, 1 mm long. Style light green, ± 3.5 mm long with stigma slightly expanded and darkened. Disc square in outline with long silvery hairs. Fruit 4-winged, up to 50 x 50 mm, outline subcircular with a wide shallow basal notch and a small apical notch, apical peg up to 1 mm long, lepidote, stipe up to 20 mm long, densely lepidote; wings brown-tinged limegreen when ripening, cinnamon when ripe. Seed ellipsoidal, up to 16 x 9 mm, dark purplish brown. Cotyledons 2, up to 33 x 45 mm, transversely elliptic, arising above soil level; petioles ± 3 mm long. Normally flowers in September but a second flowering late in March has also been recorded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    It is found in mixed woodland in association with other combretaceous species, Acacia, Sclerocarya, Strychnos, Dialium, Newtonia and Albizia. It grows in deep sand at altitudes of up to 100 m and within 60 km of the coast.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Northernmost part of Natal.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    • 1 Bothalia
    • 2 Carr, JD; Retief, E. 1989. Combretaceae: A new species of Combretum from Natal. Bothalia 19(1): 38 - 40.

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    Global Tree Assessment
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • F All Rights Reserved