Typha latifolia L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Coigeal na mban sí


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Typha latifolia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000595260. Accessed on: 25 May 2022'

General Information

Stems 1-2.5 m tall, stout. Leaves 45-95 cm × 5-15 mm, abaxially convex, transverse section semilunate. Male part of spikes 3.5-12 cm, with 1-3 deciduous bracts at base or occasionally in middle portion; female part of spikes not separated from male part, 5-23 cm. Male flowers: stamens usually 2; anthers ca. 3 mm. Female flowers without bracteoles; ovary lanceolate; stalk ca. 4 mm, slender; styles 2.5-3 mm; stigmas lanceolate, 1-1.2 mm; hairs on stalk shorter than style. Fruit lanceolate. Fl. and fr. May-Aug. 2n = 30.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Erect shoots 150--300 cm; flowering shoots 1--2 cm thick in middle, stems 3--7 mm thick near inflorescence. Leaves: usually glaucous when fresh; sheath sides papery or membranous, margins narrowly clear, summit tapered into blade to distinctly shouldered, or rarely with firm, papery auricles; mucilage glands at sheath-blade transition usually colorless, obscure, absent from sheath center and blade; widest blades on shoot 10--23(--29) mm wide when fresh, 5--20 mm when dry, distal blades about equaling inflorescence. Inflorescences: staminate spikes contiguous with pistillate or in some clones separated by to 4(--8) cm of naked axis, about as long as pistillate, ca. 1--2 cm thick at anthesis; staminate scales colorless to straw-colored, filiform, simple, ca. 4  0.05 mm; pistillate spikes in flower pale green drying brownish, later blackish brown or reddish brown, in fruit often mottled with whitish patches of pistil-hair tips, 5--25 cm  5--8 mm in flower, 24--36 mm thick in fruit; compound pedicels in fruit bristle-like, variable in same spike, 1.5--3.5 mm; pistillate bracteoles absent. Staminate flowers 5--12 mm; anthers 1--3 mm, thecae yellow, apex dark brown; pollen in tetrads. Pistillate flowers 2--3 mm in flower, 10--15 mm in fruit; pistil-hair tips colorless, whitish in mass, not enlarged; stigmas persistent, forming solid layer on spike surface, pale green in flower, drying brownish, then reddish brown or usually distally blackish, spatulate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.6--1  0.2--0.25 mm; carpodia exceeded by and hidden among pistil hairs, straw-colored, apex rounded. Seeds numerous. 2n = 30.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    "Stems 1–3 m; lvs flat, (8–)10–23 mm wide; pistillate and staminate portions of the spike contiguous, or rarely separated by as much as 4 mm, the pistillate portion brown, 10–15 cm, 2–3 cm thick at maturity; compound pedicels long and slender; pistillate bracteoles wanting; stigma broad and thick, spatulate; fr 1 cm, with copious white hairs arising near the base (these linear, not expanded upwards), the achene 1 mm long, above the middle of the whole fr; sterile pistillate fls about as long as the fertile and similarly hairy, expanded into a spatulate tip; staminate bracteoles white, capillary; pollen in tetrads; 2n=30. Clean marshes; nearly cosmop., and throughout our range, the common sp. inland. Hybrids with the next 2 spp. have been called T. ×glauca Godr."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 17
    • ]. 

    Plants up to 100-200 cm high. Stem thick, terete. Leaves linear-broadly linear, 8-20 mm broad. Flowering stem equal to or somewhat shorter than the leaves. Male and female parts of inflorescence contiguous. Female parts slightly longer than the male parts at maturity, cylindric, soft, dark brown or blackish brown. Male flowers with simple hairs and pollen in tetrads; filaments 2-3 times as long as anther. Female flower ebracteate, ovary 1/3-1/4 the length of stipe, stigma lanceolate or rhombic, fleshy, dark brown or persistent brown, much surpassing the perianth hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Tall aquatic herb up to 9 ft. high

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Female inflorescence brown

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence of contiguous spikes, each subtended by a caducous foliaceous bract, the ♀ spike sometimes constricted or interrupted, each part with a subtending bract and separated by 0–3.5 cm.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Male spike 8–12 cm. long, l.3–l.8(–2.5) cm. wide at maturity; bracteoles linear, beige or pinkish-fawn, ± as long as the stamens; stamens with white filaments stouter than the bracteoles; anthers 3–4 mm. long with the connective produced into an obtuse rounded black tip as broad as the anther, or broader; mature pollen grains adhering in tetrads, pale primrose-yellow.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Female spike 13–16(–25) cm. long, 2.5–3.5(–4) cm. wide, yellow-green at first, becoming dark sepia-brown or almost black at maturity; pedicels numerous, filiform, 20–30 per sq. mm.; bracteoles not present; carpodia pale, speckled with red, ± as long as the perigonous hairs; fertile flowers with a broadly lanceolate stigma much longer than the perigonous hairs.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Fig. 1/9, p. 3.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Leaf-sheaths abruptly rounded to auriculate at the junction with the blade and scarious-margined, sometimes purple-spotted within; blade linear, up to 2 m. long, 8–10 mm. wide, with an obtuse tip and narrow base, the base flat above and convex beneath in dried material, glabrous, glaucous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Stems erect, stout 1.5–3.5 m. high.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    1–2,5 m hoch, Blätter lineal, am blütentragenden Stängel 2zeilig, 1–2 cm breit, steif aufrecht, blaugrün, den Blütenstand meist überragend. Blüten eingeschlechtig, kronblattlos, in je einem 5–20 cm langen, kolbenförmigen, sehr dichten Blütenstand,

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    In permanent water.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    6–7. Stehende, schlammige Gewässer bis ca. 1,5 m Tiefe, kollin(-montan). CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Kaul, R. B. 1974. Ontogeny of foliar diaphragms in Typha latifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 61: 318--323. Rowlatt, U. and H. Morshead. 1992. Architecture of the leaf of the greater reed mace, Typha latifolia L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 161--170. Yeo, R. R. 1964. Life history of common cattail. Weeds 12: 284--288.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    • Southern America Brazil Parí
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Minas Gerais
    • São Paulo

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Coigeal na mban síIrishIE
    BulrushEnglishIE
    BlackheadsEnglishIE
    BlackheadEnglishIE
    Cat’s tailEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Lisca maggioreItalianCH
    Cuigeal na mban sidheIrishIE
    Bodán dubhIrishIE
    Earball cuitIrishIE
    Coigeál na m-ban sigheIrishIE
    Channatscha ladaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Breitblättriger RohrkolbenGermanCH
    CurchaisIrishIE
    Massette à larges feuillesFrenchCH
    Broad-leaved cat-tail, tule espedilla, quenouille à feuilles larges
    Coiseog (-oige)IrishIE
    Simhean (-mhin)IrishIE
    SifínIrishIE
    Bansidhe coigealIrishIE
    BuigiúnIrishIE
    Reed maceEnglishIE

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • I All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • J All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • K See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Typhaceae
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).