Tradescantia fluminensis Vell.
  • Fl. Flumin.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000589094. Accessed on: 10 Apr 2020'

General Information

Herbs, decumbent, rooting at nodes. Leaves 2-ranked; blade lanceolate-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5--5 ´ 1--2 cm (distal leaf blades wider or narrower than sheaths when sheaths opened, flattened), margins ciliolate, apex acute, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, becoming leaf-opposed, sometimes axillary from distalmost leaf axil, 1--2 cyme pairs per stem; bracts mostly foliaceous, occasionally reduced. Flowers distinctly pedicillate; pedicels 1--1.5 cm, glandular-pilose; sepals 5--7 mm, midrib pilose with eglandular hairs; petals distinct, white, not clawed, 8--9 mm; stamens free; filaments white, densely bearded with white hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perennial herb with decumbent, slender, leafy stems, rooting at nodes. Flowers actinomorphic. Inflorescence terminal. Petals ovate, ± 8 mm long. Leaves ovate-acuminate, abruptly narrowed into a short, broad, open, ciliate sheath. Weed. Flowers white.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Glabrescent herbs with decumbent, slender, leafy stems, rooting at nodes. Leaves distichous, ovate-acuminate, abruptly narrowed into a short, broad, open, ciliate sheath, c. 25-40 x 15-20 mm, often with white and purple stripes, purple below. Flowers in pairs of few-flowered cymes, terminal and/or terminating abbreviated side branches; each pair of cymes subtended by 2 leaf-like subequal bracts, pedicels c. 10 mm. Sepals ovate-acuminate, with a ciliate keel, c. 6 mm long, green. Petals ovate, c. 8 mm long, white. Stamens 6, with filaments c. 8 mm long, bearing long beaded hairs in lower half; anthers with an obtriangular connective, locules spreading outwards towards apex. Ovary 3-locular, oblong-globose, with 2 ovules in each locule; style terete or somewhat swollen in middle, stigma capitate. Capsule 2 mm long, chartaceous; seeds reticulate, hilum linear.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Semi-shade, rocky hillsides.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    South America: Central Brazil to Argentina. A common weed in New Zealand. So far rare in southern Africa: a few records from Natal, Swaziland and eastern Transvaal.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Commelinaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).