Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Fl. Ind.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000583386. Accessed on: 01 Apr 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs. Bark pale gray. Branchlets dark colored, striate with age, minutely pubescent when young, glabrescent. Petiole 1-2 cm, narrowly grooved; leaf blade in 2 ranks, ovate, oblong, or broadly elliptic, 9-23 × 4-14 cm, membranous to thinly papery, often drying black, glabrous when mature except for mostly whitish pubescence along midvein and secondary veins, secondary veins 7-15 on each side of midvein, base rounded, obtuse, or truncate and often inequilateral, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences axillary or on short woody branches, racemose or cymose, 1- or several flowered; peduncle 2-5 mm; bracts minute, deciduous. Flowers pendulous. Pedicel 1-5 cm, pubescent, bracteolate. Sepals ovate, ca. 0.7 mm, pubescent, connate at base, apex acute and reflexed. Petals green, turning yellow and inside basally with a purplish brown blotch, linear to linear-lanceolate, 5-8 × 0.5-1.8 cm, tomentose and with several veins minutely pubescent, basal claw small. Stamens oblong-oblanceolate, 0.7-1 mm; connectives apically acute, pubescent. Carpels 10-12, ca. 4 mm, puberulent when young, glabrescent; stigmas clavate, lamellate, fused, with a U-shaped groove on inner side running down to base of ovary to form a convex pileate disk. Monocarp stipes 1.2-1.8 cm; monocarps nearly black, ovoid, globose, or oblong, 1.5-2.3 × ca. 1 cm, pulpy, glabrous. Seeds 2-12 per monocarp, pale brown, in 2 series, surface pitted. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Oct-Mar.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Ind. 130. 1855; Uvaria odorata Lam.; Canangium odoratum (Lam.) Baill. ex King.

    Arboles, hasta 20 m de alto; ramas jóvenes blanco-puberulentas. Hojas ovadas a oblongo-ovadas, 6.8–19 cm de largo y 3–8.7 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base con frecuencia obviamente inequilátera, en uno de sus lados cuneada a redondeada y en el otro obtusa a subcordada, membranáceas, glabrescentes y con los nervios principales ligeramente prominentes en la haz, escasamente puberulentas en el envés, glabrescentes y con los nervios principales elevados; pecíolos 0.8–2 cm de largo, puberulentos. Inflorescencias de pocas flores, axilares, pedicelos hasta 3.5 cm de largo, puberulentos, dispuestos en las axilas de brácteas y a su vez con otra bráctea a 1/3 de la distancia desde la base; flores muy fragantes; sépalos valvados, ovados a redondeados, 0.6 cm de largo y de ancho, ápice obtuso, tomentulosos; pétalos valvados, en 2 verticilos más o menos iguales, angostamente lanceolado-triangulares, hasta 7 cm de largo y 1 cm de ancho en la base, en la antesis amarillo-verdosos y con un matiz rojo adentro; estambres numerosos, conectivos prolongados y cónicos con el ápice agudo; carpelos numerosos, óvulos numerosos y dispuestos en 2 hileras. Fruto un fascículo de bayas estipitadas y negras cuando maduras, dispuestas en pedicelos hasta 5 cm de largo; semillas ampliamente elipsoides a globosas, 6–9 mm de largo y 4–6 mm de diámetro, finamente foveoladas, con un diminuto arilo 2-lobado.

    Cultivada y sin duda naturalizada en todo el país; 0–1000 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Moreno 25597, Sandino 3478; nativa del sureste de Asia. Cultivada a nivel comercial por sus flores extremadamente fragantes, las cuales son la fuente del aceite que se usa en el perfume "Ylang-ylang"; los frutos maduros son dispersados por pájaros. Un género con 3 ó 4 especies, nativas del sureste de Asia.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Fig. 15, p. 65.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds pale brown, oblong-elliptic in outline, flattened, 9 mm. long, 6 mm. wide, 2.5 mm. thick, with rugose or pitted faces.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Monocarps 10–16, ellipsoid or oblong-obovoid, 1.5–2.3 cm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals green at first, then pale yellow, with a purple-brown spot at the base inside, linear-lanceolate, (2.5–)5–7.5(–8.7) cm. long, 5–7(–14) mm. wide, minutely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers drooping in 2–6-flowered racemes, very sweetly scented.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blades ovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, 10–21 cm. long, 4–10 cm. wide, often obliquely acuminate at the apex, broadly cuneate, rounded or truncate at the base, somewhat pubescent on the midrib and nerves; venation prominent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Tree 6–18(–33) m. tall, with pale grey bark; young twigs minutely pubescent, later glabrous, dark-coloured and striate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Annonaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International