Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.
  • Gard. & Forest.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000576316. Accessed on: 06 Apr 2020'

General Information

Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg., Gard. & Forest 3: 260. 1890; Pistacia simaruba L.; Elaphrium simaruba (L.) Rose.

Arboles, 3–25 m de alto, corteza lisa, rojo-bronce a verde-rojiza, exfoliante. Hojas una vez pinnadas, hasta 34.5 cm de largo y 23.5 cm de ancho, puberulentas a glabras o glabrescentes en la haz, densa a escasamente pubescentes en el envés, raquis no alado; folíolos 5–9 (–11), obovados a ovados, ápice abrupta y corta a largamente acuminado, enteros, lustrosos en la haz, del mismo color en ambas superficies o más claros en el envés. Panículas hasta 21.5 cm de largo (racemiformes y 6–12.5 cm de largo cuando en fruto); flores estaminadas con (4) 5 sépalos, éstos 1/4 del largo de los pétalos, pétalos (4) 5, ca 3 mm de largo; flores pistiladas con 3 (4) sépalos, éstos 1/4 del largo de los pétalos, pétalos 3 (4), ca 3 mm de largo. Frutos ovoides a elipsoides, 10–13 mm de largo, 3-valvados, rojos y verdes a morado obscuros al madurar.

Común, en bosques secos, bosques de galería y en las partes más secas de ambientes húmedos, en todas las zonas del país; 10–1100 m; fl mar–ago, fr durante todo el año; Stevens 16046, 22893; Estados Unidos (Florida), noreste de México a Perú y Brasil, también en las Antillas. Comúnmente usada como cercos vivos. "Jiñocuabo".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    ish-woolly, becoming reddish-brown, covered with yellowish lenticels and con- spicuously marked by large elevated cordate leaf scars. Leaves odd-pinnate, 21- 35 cm long and 12-23.5 cm wide; petioles puberulent basally and sparingly pubescent above, or glabrous to rarely yellowish-woolly, 7-11.5 cm long; leaf- lets 5-7(-9), long-acuminate, inequilateral basally, the laterals broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, the terminals obovate, membranaceous to coriaceous, the margins entire, conspicuously lanate when young to nearly glabrate in age, becoming sparingly pubescent above, at least the veins pubescent beneath, slightly shiny above, paler beneath, the blades 4.5-14.5 cm long and 2.5-8 cm wide; petiolules pubescent to glabrous, 5-31 mm long; rachis not winged. Inflorescences usually glabrous, reddish; staminate 17-28 cm long, longer than the young leaves; car- pellate 4-10.5 cm long, ca. as long as the young leaves. Flowers 3- or 5-merous, with glabrous pedicels 2-4 mm long in flower and 5-16 mm long in fruit; staminate 5-merous, the calyx shallowly 5-lobed, the lobes less than 1 mm long, the petals 5, ovate-elliptic, acute and incurved apically, 2-2.5 mm long and 1 mm wide, the stamens 10, ca. as long as the petals, the filaments 1.5 mm long, the disc 5-lobed; carpellate 3-merous, the calyx lobes 3, the petals 3, ovate, acute and incurved apically, 2 mm long and ca. 1 mm wide, the stamens 6, ca. half as long as the petals, the ovary 3-loculed, ovoid, ca. 2 mm high, the stigma 3-lobed. Fruits subglobular, pointed at both ends, slightly 3-angled, green to bright pink, maturing reddish-brown and drying brownish, 8-13 mm long and 7-9 mm in diameter, dehiscing by 3 obovate valves; pyrenes 1(-2), 1-seeded, 3- angled, bony, lenticular-ovoid, pinkish to whitish, attached to the pedicel by a persistent whitish column ca. 2 mm long.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees, 5-20 m high; bark coppery-red, shiny, thin, peeling off in thin papery sheets to expose a smooth bright-green layer; branchlets glabrous to rarely yellow-

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Widespread throughout the Caribbean region, occurring from coastal north- eastern Mexico through Central America, and southern Florida through the West Indies, to Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. In Panama flowering from mid- March to mid-June, and collected in fruit in all months but September.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Roraima

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International