Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken
  • Allg. Naturgesch.
  • Air or life or curtain or Mexican love plant, live or good-luck or miracle or sprouting leaf, floppers, mother-in-law


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000573184. Accessed on: 26 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs 40-150 cm tall, glabrous. Stems usually branched. Leaf blade pinnately compound with 3-5 leaflets, 10-30 cm; petiolules 2-4 cm; leaflet blades oblong to elliptic, 6-8 × 3-5 cm, margin crenate, apex obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate, 10-40 cm, many flowered. Flowers pendulous. Calyx tubular, 2-4 cm. Corolla reddish to purple, to 5 cm, base sparsely ciliate; lobes ovate-lanceolate. Stamens inserted basally on corolla. Nectar scales oblong. Follicles included in calyx and corolla tube. Seeds striate. Fl. Jan-Mar.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Herbs, monocarpic, green streaked with purple, glaucous. Stems little-branched, (suckering at base), terete, 5-20 dm × 0.5-2 cm. Leaves opposite, evenly spaced, the 1st simple, the rest mostly pinnate with 3 or 5 short-stalked leaflets; petiole subterete, 20-100 mm; blade and leaflets green streaked with purple, elliptic-oblong, 5-20 × 2-12 cm, margins crenate-serrate, apex obtuse, surfaces ± glaucous; bulbils in notches of leaf margins. Cymes open, paniculate, 1-8 dm diam.; branches to 12 cm. Pedicels 10-25 mm. Flowers: calyx pale yellow flecked with red, inflated, 25-50 mm, (papery), tube 24-40 mm, lobes deltate, to 10 mm, shorter than tube, apex acute; corolla with tube greenish white and exserted portion maroon, 30-70 mm, contracted basally, (sparsely glandular-puberulent), lobes oblong-ovate to triangular, 10-20 mm, apex acuminate. 2n = 40.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Perennial, little-branched herb as much as 1 m. tall or taller, the stems fleshy, glabrous, lustrous, the roots diffuse. Leaves opposite, simple or less frequently 3- to 5-pinnate (usually both simple and pinnate leaves on the same plant), in compound leaves the terminal leaflet the largest; blade of leaf or leaflets oblong, rounded at base and apex; coarsely crenate, glabrous, as much as 13 cm. long and 7 cm. broad, fleshy and obscurely nerved, capable of producing plantlets from the indentations of the leaf margin; petiole conspicuous, commonly 3-4 cm. long on older leaves, fleshy, glabrous, widened toward the base, exstipulate but with de- current interpetiolar lines on the subtending internode. Inflorescence a glabrous, terminal, thrice-compound panicle as much as 5 dm. long, the bracts and bractlets minute and caducous. Flowers large and conspicuous, with pedicels mostly about 1 Cm. long; calyx broadly tubular, inflated, usually about 3 cm. long and 1 cm. broad, 4-lobed for one-fourth or one-fifth its length, greenish often tinged reddish; corolla tubular, 4-5 cm. long, mostly enclosed by the calyx, markedly constricted just above the ovary and thence ventricose, 4-lobed, the lobes triangular and acuminate, glabrous, reddish; stamens 8, inserted at the base of the corolla tube, the filaments almost as long as the corolla.

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    Morphology

    Calyx cylindrical; tube up to 25 mm. long, 8 mm. diameter, slightly indented at the base, green with longitudinal reddish mottlings near the base, green above; lobes ovate-triangular, 7–10 mm. long, abruptly acuminate, persistent in fruit.

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    Inflorescence a lax terminal cyme; leaves of inflorescence similar to the foliage leaves but smaller, lower 3–5-foliate, simple above and on the ultimate branches; pedicels slender.

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    Stamen-filaments adnate to the corolla-tube below the constriction, free for 25–27 mm.; anthers oblong, 3 mm. long.

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    Corolla cylindrical, green below, red above; tube 30 mm. long, strongly constricted ± 8 mm. from the base, markedly 8-fluted and gibbous below the constriction, sparsely glandular-pubescent, especially near the base; lobes oblong-ovate, ± 10 mm. long and 6 mm. broad, abruptly long-acuminate, recurved.

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    Leaves opposite and decussate, in adult plants only present in the upper parts, ± leafless at anthesis; lower leaves simple, upper often 3- or 5-foliate; leaf-blade oblong-oval up to 9 cm. long and 5 cm. broad, possibly larger, apex obtuse, base cuneate to truncate, margin crenate, sometimes obscurely so, glabrous; leaflets of compound leaves similar to simple leaf; petiole ± 3 cm. long for simple leaves, up to 6 cm. and more for compound leaves, semi-amplexicaul.

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    Fig. 5.

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    Succulent perennial herb, probably rhizomatous up to 2 m. high; stems branched from the base, somewhat woody at the base, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds ellipsoid-oblong, ± 0.5 mm. long, obscurely longitudinally striate.

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    Carpels oblong-ovoid, up to 10 mm. long, free or slightly connate at the base; style slender, 27–30 mm. long.

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    Nectary scales subrectangular, ± 2 mm. long, 1.7 mm. broad, adhering to the base of the carpels, yellow.

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    Corolla longer than the calyx; tube 25–40 mm. long, suburceolate–8–angled at the base, constricted above the carpels and then elongate–tubular–4–angled, green below, bright red or purple upwards; corolla–lobes 9–14 x 4·3–6·5 mm., deltate, abruptly acuminate, very acute, spreading.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves decussate, imparipinnate, sometimes some or all of them reduced to the terminal leaflet; lamina 6–20 x 4–12 cm.; leaflets 3–5, circular, ovate or ovate–oblong to oblong–spathulate, the terminal one the largest, obtuse, broadly crenate, doubly crenate or crenate–dentate at the margin, usually contracted at the base or sometimes attenuate into a petiolule, flat, green with violet lines on the upper side; petiole 2–10 cm. long, semi–amplexicaul.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stem up to 2 m. long, erect or ascending, stout, terete, simple, spotted or striped with red, sometimes with sterile shoots at the base.

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    Calyx broadly cylindric–tubular, sunk at the base, green, sometimes striped with red or red–violet; calyx–tube 21–31 mm. long; lobes 7–10·5 x 7–11·25 mm., deltate to subsemiorbicular, acute.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers pendulous, in cymes grouped in terminal, ample loose panicles; pedicels 10–25 mm. long, slender, divaricate, reflexed at the extremity.

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    Follicles 12–14 mm. long, ovoid, connate at the base for 2·2–3·5 mm., attenuate into the styles; styles 22·5–30 mm. long.

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    A completely glabrous perennial, succulent plant.

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    Stamens slightly exserted; filaments inserted below the middle of the corolla–tube; anthers 2·6–3 x 1·6–2·2 mm., ovate.

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    Seeds c. 0·8 x 0·35 mm., obovoid, obtuse.

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    Scales 1·8–2·6 x 1·4–1·8, subquad–rate, obtuse or emarginate at the apex.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Distribution

    Native of tropical Africa and Madagascar; introduced and naturalized in the tropics throughout the world.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Air or life or curtain or Mexican love plant, live or good-luck or miracle or sprouting leaf, floppers, mother-in-law

     Information From

    Crassulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).