Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
  • Consp. Pl. Charc.
  • Chinese or brown or Indian or leaf mustard, mustard-greens


This taxon is accepted by Brassicaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Herbs annual, (20-)30-100(-180) cm tall, pubescent or rarely glabrous, glaucous or not, sometimes with fleshy taproots. Stems erect, branched above. Basal and lowermost cauline leaves long petiolate; petiole (1-)2-8(-15) cm; leaf blade ovate, oblong, or lanceolate in outline, (4-)6-30(-80) × 1.5-15(-28) cm, lyrate-pinnatifid or pinnatisect; terminal lobe ovate, repand, dentate, or incised; lateral lobes 1-3 on each side of midvein, much smaller than terminal lobe, crisped incised, dentate, repand, or entire. Upper cauline leaves petiolate or subsessile, oblanceolate, oblong, lanceolate, or linear, to 10 × 5 cm, base cuneate to attenuate, margin entire or repand, rarely dentate. Fruiting pedicels straight, divaricate, (0.5-)0.8-1.5(-2) cm. Sepals oblong, (3.5-)4-6(-7) × 1-1.7 mm, spreading. Petals yellow, (6.5-)8-11(-13) × 5-7.5 mm, ovate or obovate, apex rounded or emarginate; claw 3-6 mm. Filaments 4-7 mm; anthers oblong, 1.5-2 mm. Fruit linear, (2-)3-5(-6) cm × 3-4(-5) mm, terete or slightly 4-angled, sessile, divaricate or ascending; valvular segment (1.5-)2-4.5 cm, 6-15(-20)-seeded per locule; valves with a prominent midvein, slightly torulose; terminal segment conical, (4-)5-10(-15) mm, seedless; style often obsolete. Seeds dark to light brown or gray, globose, 1-1.7 mm in diam., minutely reticulate. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Apr-Jul. 2n = 36*.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Annuals; (± glaucous), ± glabrous. Stems branched distally, 2-10 dm. Basal leaves (early deciduous); petiole (1-)2-8(-15) cm; blade pinnatifid to pinnately lobed, (4-)6-30(-80) cm × 15-150(-280) mm, lobes 1-3 each side. Cauline leaves usually shortly petiolate, rarely sessile; blade (oblong or lanceolate, reduced in size distally), base tapered or cuneate, not auriculate or amplexicaul, (margins dentate to lobed). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels spreading to divaricately ascending, (slender), (5-)10-15(-20) mm. Flowers: sepals (3.5-)4-6(-7) × 1-1.7 mm; petals pale yellow, ovate to obovate, (7-)9-13 × 5-7.5 mm, claw 3-6 mm, apex rounded or emarginate; filaments 4-7 mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits (sessile); spreading to divaricately ascending to nearly erect (not appressed to rachis), torulose, subcylindrical or somewhat flattened, (2-)3-5(-6) cm × 2-5 mm; valvular segment with 6-15(-20) seeds per locule, (1.5-)2-4.5 cm, terminal segment seedless (conic), (4-)5-10(-15) mm, (tapering to slender style). Seeds brown or yellow, 1.2-2 mm diam.; seed coat finely reticulate-alveolate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2n = 36.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    1. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. Pl. Charc. 8 (1859). Sinapis juncea L., Sp. Pl. 668 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Bailey, 1922): “Habitat in Asia”, Herb. Linn. 845.11 (LINN!). Ilustr.: Jonsell, Fl. Trop. E. Africa Cruciferae: 4, t. 1 (1982).

    Por I.A. Al-Shehbaz y S. Fuentes-Soriano.

    Brassica integrifolia (H. West) O.E. Schulz, B. juncea (L.) Czern. subsp. integrifolia (H. West) Thell., Sinapis integrifolia H. West.

    Hierbas anuales, pelosas o rara vez glabras. Tallos (20-)30-100(-180) cm, erectos, ramificados distalmente, raíces delgadas. Hojas caulinares basales y más proximales (4-)6-30(-80) × 1.5-15(-28) cm, ovadas, oblongas o lanceoladas, lirado-pinnatífidas o pinnatisectas, el lobo terminal ovado, repando, dentado o inciso, los lobos laterales 1 a 3 en cada lado de la lámina, crespo-incisos, dentados, repandos o enteros; pecíolo (1-)2-8(-15) cm. Hojas caulinares distales c. 10 × 5 cm, pecioladas o subsésiles, oblanceoladas, oblongas, lanceoladas o lineares, la base cuneada a atenuada. Flores en la antesis dispuestas por debajo de los botones florales. Pedicelos en fruto (0.5-)0.8-1.5(-2) cm. Sépalos (3.5-)4-6(-7) mm, patentes; pétalos (7-)8-11(-13) × 5-7.5 mm, ovados u obovados, amarillo intenso, el ápice redondeado o emarginado, unguiculados, la uña 3-6 mm. Frutos (20-)30-50(-60) × 3-4(-5) mm; región valvar (15-)20-45 mm, 6-15(-20) semillas por lóculo, las valvas con una vena central prominente; rostro (4-)5-10(-15) mm, cónico, sin semillas; semillas 1-1.7 mm de diámetro. n = 36. Cultivada, selvas abiertas, orillas de caminos, áreas alteradas. T (Smith, Peterson y Tejida 3989, F); Ch (Breedlove 6150, DS); QR (Gaumer 1781, MO); B (Arnason y Lambert 17533, MO); G (Steyermark 35931, F); H (Perdomo 211, MO); ES (Calderón 552, US); N (Stevens 11399, MO); CR (Grayum 8541, CR); P (D’Arcy 9782, MO). 400-1800 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; cosmopolita.)

    Las semillas se cultivan para producir aceites y mostaza (junto con Sinapis alba), las hojas se consumen como vegetales y condimentos.

  • Provided by: [M].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. Pl. Chark. 8. 1859; Sinapis juncea L.

    Anuales, casi glabras y algo glaucas, 4–10 dm de alto, tallos ramificados por lo menos en la parte superior. Hojas basales liradamente pinnatífidas con márgenes dentados, hasta 2.5 dm de largo, hojas caulinares reduciéndose hacia arriba, las hojas superiores cortamente pecioladas o sésiles, pero nunca auriculadas. Pétalos amarillos, 6–10 mm de largo. Pedicelos de las silicuas delgados, mayormente 1–1.5 cm de largo y divaricadamente ascendentes; silicuas subteretes, divaricadamente ascendentes a casi erectas, 2–4 cm de largo, rostro delgado y cónico, 5–10 mm de largo, sin semilla, atenuándose en un estilo delgado; semillas ca 2 mm de diámetro, finamente reticulado-alveoladas.

    Maleza poco común en campos abiertos entre vegetación de Pinus, en la zona norcentral; 1100–1650; fl y fr sep–jan; Hahn 357, Moreno 2955; rara desde México hasta Panamá y común en las partes templadas de Norteamérica.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Nicaragua
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    "Glabrous, often glaucous annual 3–10 dm; lower lvs to 2 dm, pinnatifid and dentate, the upper progressively reduced, short-petioled or sessile; fls 12–15 mm wide; mature pedicels ascending, 10–15 mm; frs ascending, subterete, 1.5–4 cm; seeds 2 mm, conspicuously and evenly reticulate; 2n=36. Native of Asia, established as a weed throughout our range and w. to the Pacific. June–Oct."

  • Provided by: [K].New York Botanical Garden
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    Morphology

    Annual herb 60–70 cm. tall with purplish nearly glabrous stems.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves stalked, lyrate-pinnatifid to nearly entire, somewhat glaucous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Petals 4, 5–9 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens 6.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers pale yellow with pedicels up to 8 mm. long in terminal racemes.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals somewhat spreading.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Silique 2.5–5 cm. long (usually about 3 cm. in our material), narrowly cylindric, valves with reticulate nervation, with a tapering, seedless beak 5–10 mm. long, at its tip narrower than the stigma.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds 1–1.3 mm. in diam., subspherical, yellowish- or reddish-brown.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Very similar to B. integrifolia but basal and lower leaves more coarsely and irregularly dentate with 1–3 pairs of small lateral lobes.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 1.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Siliquae often longer (up to 75 mm.) with a narrowly conical beak 6–12 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Annual herb, up to 1 m high with slender, ascending branches. Lower leaves lyrate-pinnatisect, sparsely hispid; upper leaves glabrous, simple, shortly petiolate. Beak up to 10 mm long, its tip narrower than stigma. Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Annual herbs up to 1 m high with slender ascending branches. Stem hispid near the base, glabrous above. Lower leaves lyratepinnatisect with 1 or 2 pairs of small, broad, lateral lobes and a large, ovate or obovate, terminal lobe; lobes irregularly dentate or lacerate-dentate, sparsely hispid on the lower surface of the veins. Upper leaves glabrous, smaller, simple, entire or dentate, shortly petiolate. Racemes terminal, dense in flower, lax in fruit. Flowers yellow, the petals 7-9 mm long, ±3 mm broad, obovate, shortly clawed. Fruiting pedicels slender, 0.8-1.2 cm, erect to spreading. Siliquae 2.5-5 cm long, 2-3 mm in diameter, linear, tapering; valves convex, irregularly bulged by the ripe seeds, 1- or sub-3-nerved, the lateral nerves ± anastomosing; beak (4-)5-10 mm long, subulateconical. Seeds 16-24, in one row, globose, 1.2-1.5 mm in diameter, brown, the seedcoat reticulately pitted.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Annual herb, up to 1 m high. Stems erect. Leaves petiolate; lower ones lyrate-pinnatisect with 1 or 2 pairs of small, broad, lateral lobes, terminal large, ovate or obovate, margins dentate, sparsely hispid; upper leaves not clasping stem, petiolate, simple, margins entire or dentate, glabrous. Flowers: in dense racemes; petals 7-9 mm long, yellow; Dec.-Feb. Fruit with pedicels erect to spreading; stipe < 1 mm long or 0, siliquae 25-50 x 2-3 mm, lateral veins ± anastomosing, beak 5-10 mm long, subulate-conical.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Native to Asia.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Said to be native of southern and eastern Asia; widespread as an established weed in the tropics and subtropics; as a casual weed in many parts of Europe.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Mato Grosso

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Chinese or brown or Indian or leaf mustard, mustard-greens

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • H Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • K Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • L
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • M Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).