Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Muehlenpf.) Backeb.
  • Cactaceae (Berlin)


This taxon is accepted by Cactaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

Morphology

Much-branched spreading shrubs forming thickets, developing a trunk with age. Joints arcuate, cylindrical, tuberculate, c. 3 cm in diam., glaucous-green. Leaves linear to terete, 3-6 (-12) cm long, arcuate, fleshy, persistent. Areoles with a protruding white woolly pubescence; with 1 or 2 acicular, straight, strong yellow-brown spines up to 5 cm long. Flowers with the hypanthium forming a reduced apical spineless joint which in turn may proliferate; petaloid segments 2-3 cm long, orange or greenish yellow. Fruit not seen in South African material. ('Green, pear-shaped, 9 cm long, usually sterile; seeds large, irregular, 10 mm broad' fide Britton & Rose).

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrub, up to 5 m high; cladodes cylindrical; tuberculate; glaucous green; areoles white woolly. Spines 1-4, strong, straight, up to 80 mm long, greyish white, white or yellowish brown when young. Leaves linear, 30-60 mm long, curved, fleshy, persistent. Flowers: 60-70 mm long; floral tube relatively long, tuberculate, with porrect, subulate bract scales resembling small leaves. perianth 1/3 of flower length; perianth segments 20-30 mm long, scarlet, orange or yellowish. Fruit elongate, obovoid-oblong to clavate or ± spherical, > 50 mm long, ± spiny.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Dry Grassland. Grassland.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Recorded as a pest from the Orange Free State, Cape and Natal. Found both wild and cultivated in Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and probably northern Chile, according to Britton & Rose.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Native to South America.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Cactaceae (Berlin)
    • 2 Obermeyer, AA. 1976. Cactaceae. Fl. S. Africa 22: 144 - 156. BRI, Dept. Agric. & Tech. Services, Pretoria.
    • 3 Winter, PJD; Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Cactaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 438 - 443. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Cactaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • E See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International