Scleria woodii C.B.Clarke
  • Fl. Cap.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria woodii C.B.Clarke. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000553287. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Perennial with annual aerial parts, This species is distinguished from other southern African representatives of subgenus Hypoporum mainly by its strongly scented, soft, fleshy, tuberous, pearly white or pink rhizome; by its narrowly Y-shaped lamina profile; and by its delicate, often profusely-branched inflorescence.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perennial. Rhizome 2-4 mm thick, fleshy, white or pink, strongly scented; scales pink. Culms 0.25-0.75 mm tall, solitary or few, clustered, glabrous or glabrescent. Leaves 1-3 mm broad, glabrous or glabrescent; sheaths with truncate or concave, glabrescent to densely hirsute mouths. Inflorescence branched, delicate, 80-200 mm long. Glomerules 1-3-(4) per branch, sessile, of 1-6 spikelets. Bracts shorter than or exceeding the glomerules, with scabrid awn 1-10 mm long. Spikelets 2.5-5 mm long. Glumes 2.5-4.5 mm long, glabrous, shortly awned, pale red with darker red striae. Achene ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-1.8 x 1-1.5 mm, glabrous, smooth, tuberculate or trabeculate, even on the same plant, grey.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 0.75 m high. Rhizome soft, fleshy, strongly scented, white or pink, tuberous, shrinking markedly soon after removal from soil. Inflorescence much branched, branches delicate. Lamina profile V-shaped. Glumes pale red with darker red striae.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 0.75 m high. Rhizome soft, fleshy, strongly scented, white or pink, tuberous, shrinking markedly soon after removal from soil. Leaves with lamina profile V-shaped. Flowers: inflorescence much branched, branches delicate; glumes pale red with darker red striae; Nov.-Mar.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Widespread in seasonally boggy open areas and damp woodland in partial shade.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Seasonally boggy, open areas and damp woodland in partial shade.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mesic Grassland. Seasonally boggy, open areas and damp woodland in partial shade.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Summer rainfall region of southern Africa and to the north in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania and Angola.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Fl. Cap.
    • 2 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Retief, E; Meyer, NL. 2017. Cyperaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 875 - 904. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).