Scleria transvaalensis E.F.Franklin
  • Kew Bull.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria transvaalensis E.F.Franklin. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000553138. Accessed on: 23 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

This species has hitherto been confused with S. natalensis from which it is distinguished by its bulbously thickened culm-bases; its subulate leaf and bract-apices 1-2 mm broad in the distal 10 mm; its relatively dense inflorescences with 1-2 lateral panicles per node; its bright terra-cotta red glumes and its barrel-shaped achenes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perennial. Rhizome little more than the connective between contiguous, woody, swollen culm bases; scales reddish-brown. Culms 0.5-1.25 m tall with bases 8-10 mm thick; glabrous. Leaves 4-10 mm broad, subulate, glabrous; sheath with mouth produced into a deltoid-rounded tongue 2-5 mm long with a membranous extension up to 1 mm long. Inflorescence with terminal panicle 45-90 x 20-45 mm and smaller lateral panicles 1-2 per node at 1-2 nodes exserted 20-120 mm from sheaths. Bracts foliaceous, exceeding their panicles, subulate. Male spielets sessile or shortly pedicillate, 4-6 mm long; glumes reddish-brown, glabrescent. Female glumes reddish-brown with green midrib excurrent into an awn c. 1 mm long; 4-5 mm long. Achene oblong-subglobose, 2.5-3 x 2 mm, glabrous, tessellate-lacunose to tuberculate-lacunose, brownish-white: hypogynium obtusely trilobed, stramineous.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 1.25 m high. Panicles dense, golden or reddish. Foliaceous bract of terminal panicle subulate, 1 or 2 mm broad, 10 mm behind apex, sometimes exceeding inflorescence. Culm bases 9-10 mm in diameter, swollen. Glumes reddish brown.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Occurring in seasonally damp, open or semi-shaded habitats.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Seasonally damp, open or semi-shaded habitats.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    At temperate altitudes in Transvaal, Swaziland and Natal. Apparently endemic in FSA region.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Kew Bull.

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).