Scleria melanomphala Kunth
  • Enum. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria melanomphala Kunth. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000551639. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Perennial with evergreen aerial parts. This species is distinguished from S. greigiifolia by the even spacing of leaves along the culm, by its very compact, spiciform panicles, by its adaxially glabrous female glumes, by its beakless achene with a black apex. Both species have brown, zoniform hypogynia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Dense panicles, the lateral ones pendulous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Broad leaves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stout perennial up to 2 m. high

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennial. Rhizome elongate or contracted, 4-5(-7) mm thick; scales reddish-brown. Culms 0.8-2 m tall, glabrous or glabrescent. Leaves 7-15(-20) mm broad, glabrescent or sparsely villous; sheaths with mouths produced into a convex tongue with pale, membranous margin. Inflorescence with terminal ± spiciform panicle 30-90(-110) mm long, smaller ± spiciform lateral panicles (0)-1-3 at (0)-1-3 nodes, exserted up to 300 mm from sheaths. Bracts foliaceous. Mate spikelets sessile or subsessile, 10-12 mm long; glumes red-brown or blackish-red, hispidulous or villous on midrib. Female glumes red- brown or blackish-red with green, hispidulous or villous keels, shortly awned. Achene ovoid, 4-5.25 mm x 2.5-3.5 mm, glabrous or proximally sparsely hairy, smooth, grey or brown proximally, blackish distally; hypogynium obscurely trilobed or zoniform, pale brown.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 2 m high. Panicles compact, spiciform, 1 or 2(-4). Leaves evenly spaced along length of column. Female glumes 7-11 mm long, glabrous adaxially. Achene ovoid, beakless, grey with blackish apex. Glumes reddish brown or blackish red.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    Swamps and very wet places in grassland and forest.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Occurring in open, perennially wet habitats.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Open, perennial wet habitats.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    In Transkei, Natal, Transvaal, Swaziland and Botswana. Widespread in tropical Africa, in Madagascar and also in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972
    • 2 E. A. Robinson in Kew Bull. 18: 546 (1966).
    • 3 "Aké Assi, Contrib. 2: 274 (1964)"
    • 4 Nelmes in Kew Bull. 11: 88 (1956)
    • 5 F.T.A. 8: 506
    • 6 Enum. Pl. 2: 345 (1837)
    • 7 Enum. Pl.
    • 8 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 9 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).