Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw.
  • Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000551231. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

General Information

8. Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw., Prodr. 18 (1788).

Por C.D. Adams.

Scirpus lithospermus L., Sp. Pl. 51 (1753). Tipo: India.

Perennes. Rizoma 2-5 mm de ancho, duro, ramificado. Tallos 30-80 cm x c. 2 mm cerca de la base, cespitosos o próximos entre sí, ascendentes o erectos, triquetros, frecuentemente laxamente reclinados, distalmente glabrescentes. Láminas foliares 8 o más por escapo, 10-20(-30) cm x 1-2(-3) mm, antrorsamente hispídulas, escabriúsculas en los márgenes y quilla; contralígula triangular a subelíptica, los cilios blancos; láminas foliares sin alas, retrorsamente hispídulas. Inflorescencias de espigas terminales y axilares o racimos con brácteas subyacentes foliiformes, portando (1-)2-5 agregados pequeños de espiguillas sésiles o cortamente pediculadas, traslapadas; bractéolas setáceas. Espiguillas (3-)4-6 mm, andróginas o unisexuales. Glumas 3-5 mm, lanceoladas, carinadas, pardas, glabras. Hipoginio ausente. Aquenios 2-2.3 x c. 1.5 mm, el cuerpo globoso, apiculado, liso, blanco, la base atenuada, las 3 caras profundamente excavadas. Bosques deciduos abiertos, matorrales en áreas con menos lluvia. Ch (Miranda 5627, MEXU); Y (Rzedowski 26345, MO); C (Lundell 956, K); QR (Cabrera y Cabrera 4838, MO); B (O'Neill 8894, BM); G (Croat 24684, MO); H (Davidse y Pohl 2132, MO); N (Davidse y Pohl 2389, MO); CR (Gómez-Laurito 9051, F); P (Core, 1936: 29). 0-1400 m. (Trópicos.)

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Perennials. Rhizomes short, thick, woody, creeping. Culms tufted, 30-50 cm tall, 1.4-2 mm wide, 3-angled, glabrous. Leaves basal and cauline. Basal leaves sheathlike, bladeless. Cauline leaves with sheath 3-angled, closed, pilose; contraligule depressed rounded or depressed deltoid, ciliate; leaf blade narrowly linear, 1.5-2 mm wide, margins finely serrate, apex attenuate into a caudate tip. Involucral bracts leaflike, basal one to 10 cm, sheathing. Inflorescences paniculate, well-developed ones more than 30 cm, with 1-3 lateral branches or without branch at basal part; basal part often reduced to spikelike, 3.5-7 cm. Spikelets 1-3 in a cluster, 3-4.5 mm, with 4 or 5 glumes, with 1 or 2 male flowers and 1 female flower below male ones. Glumes ovate-lanceolate, keeled, both sides of midvein membranous with short brown lines, apex mucronate. Disk not well developed. Nutlet white, broadly obovoid to subellipsoid, ca. 2.5 mm, 3-sided or not, smooth or transversely rugose or irregularly ± reticulate with wavy ridges, shiny, base narrow and triangular. Fl. and fr. Jun-Oct.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Plants perennial; rhizomes short, nodulose, aromatic when fresh. Culms in tufts, slender, 30–90(–115) cm, glabrous or slightly scabrous. Leaves: sheaths purplish, wingless, weakly ribbed, finely pilose or nearly glabrous; contra-ligules reddish, triangular, rigid, distinctly ciliate; blades distinctly grayish green and revolute when dry, linear, attenuate, keeled, 1–3(–5) mm wide, shorter than culms. Inflorescences: axillary 1–3, terminal 1, quite lax; stalked spikes or panicles 2–4, terminal one 3–4.5(–8.5) cm with 2–7 open fascicles 2–6(–9) mm wide, of 1–4 spikelets; bracts subtending and overtopping inflorescence leaflike, broadly attenuate, scabrous. Spikelets bisexual (an occasional terminal staminate spikelet), few flowered, 3–5 mm; staminate scales lanceolate, pistillate scales ovate-acuminate, with prominent green keel. Achenes whitish or gray between angles, obscurely trigonous, ovoid or globose, 2–2.5(–3) mm, smooth, base broadly attenuate, somewhat depressed between angles, trigonous, not porose, apex umbonate; hypogynium obsolete, reduced to distinct brown band at base of achene.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw., Prodr. 18. 1788; Scirpus lithospermus L.; Scleria filiformis Sw.

    Perennes, cespitosas, rizomas cortamente articulados; culmos 50–90 cm de alto, delgados, acostillado-angulados. Hojas con láminas 10–30 cm de largo y 2–4 mm de ancho, con 3 costillas escábridas, gradualmente volviéndose más pequeñas hacia arriba en la inflorescencia; vaina a veces angostamente alada, lisa o hírtula, lígula pequeña, triangular, densamente ciliada. Inflorescencia angosta, ramas ascendentes, ramas secundarias pocas o ausentes; pocas espiguillas en fascículos pequeños mixtos; escamas pistiladas lanceoladas, 4–5 mm de largo, acuminadas, con carina verde, lisa. Fruto con cuerpo subgloboso, 2–2.5 mm de largo, liso, sobre una base corta, obpiramidal, con 3 costillas, las caras profundamente cóncavas, no foveoladas, blanco o gris perla, hipoginio ausente.

    Conocida en Nicaragua por una sola colección (Davidse 2389) a lo largo de playas, costa atlántica; 0–100 m; fl y fr todo el año; costas cálidas de ambos hemisferios.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Plants glabrous or nearly so, with stout rootstocks, the culms'- 3-9 din. long; leaves 10-30 cm. long, 1-3 mm. wide; inflorescence sparsely branched, the spikelets in distant sessile clusters; hypogynium none; achene 3 mm. long, white, smooth, shining, oblong or ovate-elliptic, subacuminate, the attenuate trigonous base non- porose.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Plantas perennes, cespitosas o con un rizoma pequeño y duro; culmos ascendentes o erectos, 30–60 cm, tri-quetros. Hojas más cortas que los culmos; vaina sin alas; contralígula triangular, ciliada; lámina 1–3 mm deancho, hispídula y escabriúscula. Infl. espiciforme o racemosa, con brácteas foliiformes subyacentes. Espi-guillas unisexuales o bisexuales, en 2–5 fascículos, 3–6 mm, con bractéolas setáceas subyacentes, las glumas 3–5 mm, lanceoladas. Fls. pistiladas sin hipoginio. Aquenios 2–2.3 × ca. 1.5 mm, globosos, apiculados, lisos,blancos.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Dry thickets and open woods, especially on limestone, in nearly all tropical mari- time regions.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Tocantins
    • Paraní
    • Santa Catarina
    • São Paulo

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).