Scleria foliosa Hochst. ex A.Rich.
  • Tent. Fl. Abyss.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria foliosa Hochst. ex A.Rich. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000550101. Accessed on: 23 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Caespitose annual. This species is distinguished from other species of subgenus Seleria of the region by the absence of a rhizome and by the type of surface-patterning of the achene which is smooth distally, strongly alveolate-lacunose proximally.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Tufted annual 60–100 cm. high, rarely more;

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaves 2–8 mm. wide

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Lateral panicles solitary, erect, scarcely exserted

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Annual, without rhizome. Culms 0.20-0.60 m tall, glabrous. Laminas 2-7 mm broad, glabrous, scabrid on margins and ribs: sheaths glabrescent except near mouths where villous; mouths truncate or with ligule 1-2 mm long. Inflorescence with terminal panicle 25-50 mm long, smaller lateral panicles single at 1-3 nodes, shortly exserted from sheaths. Bracts foliaceous, exceeding panicles. Male spikeleis sessile or shortly pedicillate, 4-5 mm long; glumes castaneous, glabrous. Female glumes castaneous or dark brown distally, paler proximally, with green midrib excurrent into an awn c. 1 mm long, glabrous. Achene. Ovoid, 3-4 x 2-2.5 mm, alveolate lacunose proximally, smooth distally, grey. Hypogynium obtusely trilobed, stramineous.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 0.6 m high. Plant caespitose, without a rhizome. Achene alveolate-lacunose proximally, smooth distally. Glumes castaneous or dark brown.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    In grassy, seasonally wet places.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Occurring in seasonal shallow pans.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Open, seasonally shallow pans.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    In Transvaal, Swaziland, northern Namibia, widespread in east, central and west Africa, also in Madagascar and India.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972
    • 2 "Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 359 (1967)."
    • 3 E. A. Robinson in Kew Bull. 18: 525 (1966)
    • 4 Nelmes in Kew Bull. 11: 102 (1956)
    • 5 F.T.A. 8: 503
    • 6 Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 509 (1851)
    • 7 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 8 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 9 Tent. Fl. Abyss.

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).