Scleria distans Poir.
  • Encycl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria distans Poir. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000549641. Accessed on: 23 Feb 2020'

General Information

Plants perennial; rhizomes horizontal, elongate. Culms erect, slender, 15–65(–75) cm, hairy or glabrous. Leaves: sheaths green to brownish or reddish, not or scarcely winged, weakly ribbed, hirsute or glabrous; contra-ligule minute, obtuse, or absent; blades linear, ribbed, usually much shorter than inflorescences, 1.5–4(–5) mm wide, pubescent or more rarely glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, unbranched, glomerate-spicate, 4–8(–12) cm; glomerules 3–9(–11), inserted in longitudinal concavities in rachis, open, nodding or reflexed, greenish to reddish brown, 4–7 mm wide, each with 2–7(–8) spikelets; bract occasionally subtending proximalmost glomerule, attenuate, 1–2.5 cm. Spikelets bisexual and staminate, 4–5 mm; staminate spikelets many flowered; staminate scales lance-acuminate, pistillate scales ovate-acuminate. Achenes sordid white or gray, trigonous, ovoid to subglobose, 1–2 mm, smooth, shining, base broadly cuneate-attenuate, apex mucronate, hypogynium obsolete, represented by narrow brownish ridge or band at base of achene.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    2. Scleria distans Poiret in Lam., Encycl. 7: 4 (1806). Lectotipo (designado por Raynal, 1976): Puerto Rico, Ledru 110 en parte (P).

    Por C.D. Adams.

    Scleria hirtella auct., non Sw., S. nutans Willd. ex Kunth.

    Perennes. Rizoma 2-4 mm de ancho, rastrero, horizontal. Tallos 15-60 cm, próximos o remotos entre sí, ligeramente hinchados en la base, erectos, delgados, triquetros, finamente hírtulos a glabrescentes. Láminas foliares c. 3 por escapo, 4-20 cm x 2-3(-5) mm, finamente hírtulas a glabrescentes; contralígula obsoleta; vainas foliares sin alas, hirsutas. Inflorescencia espiciforme, de 3-15 haces traslapados, a menudo unilaterales, de espiguillas sésiles, deflexas por lo menos en la parte inferior de la espiga y cuando jóvenes; brácteas 5-7 mm, éstas y las bractéolas típicamente ciliadas y con tricomas cerdosos en la punta, tricomas pálidos más pequeños también presentes. Espiguillas 2.5-4(-5) mm, 4-7 juntas en cada haz. Glumas c. 2 mm, ovadas, semejantes a las bractéolas o más glabras. Hipoginio ausente. Aquenios (1-)1.4-1.8 x 1-1.5 mm, subglobosos, apiculados, blancos o grisáceos, el cuerpo liso o ligeramente tuberculado, con o sin puntos en cada cara, la base trígono atenuada. Suelos pesados o compactos en sabanas, pantanos abiertos periódicamente inundables. T (Puig 137, MEXU); Ch (Chater et al. 192, BM); B (Lundell 6681, K); G (Aguilar H. 109, K); H (Nelson y Romero 4700, MO); N (Svenson 4545, F); CR (Janzen y Liesner, 1980: 44); P (Ebinger 1017, MO). 0-1400 m. (América y África tropical y subtropical.)

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Scleria distans Poir., Encycl. 7: 4. 1806; S. hirtella Sw.; S. interrupta Michx.

    Perennes, formando clones, con rizomas engrosados, escamosos, rojizos; culmos 20–70 cm de alto, delgados, lisos excepto por la base y el ápice. Hojas con láminas 10–15 cm de largo y 2–5 mm de ancho; vaina rizado-puberulenta por lo menos hacia y en el ápice, contralígula ausente. Inflorescencia terminal, espigada, de 3–8 fascículos regularmente distanciados, reflexos, obovoides; espiguillas subsésiles, 4–5 mm de largo; escamas pistiladas 2–3 mm de largo, híspidas, costas cerdosas, largamente excurrentes. Fruto obovoide, 1–1.5 mm de largo, liso, blanco, estípite obpiramidal, hipoginio ausente.

    Poco frecuente, en sabanas de pinos arenosas o pedregosas y muy húmedas, zona atlántica; 0–200 m; fl y fr todo el año; Kral 69298, Stevens 8190; sureste de los Estados Unidos, México a Sudamérica y en las Antillas, también en Africa.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Plantas perennes (rara vez anuales), rizomatosas; culmos (10–)15–60 cm, trígonos, hirsutos a glabres-centes. Hojas más cortas que los culmos; vaina sin alas, hirsuta; contralígula obsoleta; lámina 2–4 mm deancho, hirsuta a glabrescente. Infl. una espiga, con 3–15 fascículos a veces unilaterales; brácteas 5–7 mm, conpelos cerdosos y tricomas, lo mismo que las bractéolas. Espiguillas 4–7 juntas, a menudo deflexas, 2.5–5 mm,sésiles, las glumas ca. 2 mm. Fls. pistiladas sin hipoginio. Aquenios 1.2–1.8 × 1–1.5 mm, obovoides, apicu-lados, lisos o un poco tuberculados, blancos o grises.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    • 5
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    Diagnostic Description

    Perennial with annual aerial parts. The features which most easily distinguish this species from S. aterrima with which it has often been confused, are its woody, often long, horizontal rhizome; the spacing of its leaves more-or-less evenly along the length of the culm; by the vestiture of the glumes of some specimens being pale or reddish (not invariably blackish) and by the absence of hypodermal translucent cells in the intercostal region of the lamina.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    Perennial. Rhizome 2-4 mm thick, woody: scales brown. Culms 0.16-0.5 m tall, glabrous or the angles sparsely hirsute, 2-15 mm distant; bases sometimes thickened to 7 mm. Leaves 1.5-5 mm broad, glabrous to villous, mouths of sheaths truncate or convex, villous. Inflorescence unbranched, 25-85 mm long. Glomerules reflexed, 3-6-(7), of 2-7 sessile or subsessile spikelets. Bracts densely pale-, reddish- or blackish-ciliate, awned, 4-12 mm long. Spikelets 4-5 mm long. Glumes 2-5 mm long, densely pale-, reddish- or blackish-ciliate, awned, pale with red streaks. Achene ovoid to subglobose, 1.2-1.5 x 1 mm, glabrous, smooth or lightly tuberculate, grey or grey-brown.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Perennial herb, up to 500 mm tall. Inflorescence unbranched, with spikelet clusters reflexed at maturity. Achene smooth or lightly tuberculate. Glumes densely hirsute, pale, red or black.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Habitat

    Occurring in open, permanently boggy areas.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Open, permanently boggy areas.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    In the summer rainfall areas of southern Africa to the north in Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Gabon and Nigeria, also in Madagascar and in South America, in Brazil and Venezuela.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • G Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).