Scleria catophylla C.B.Clarke
  • Consp. Fl. Afric.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria catophylla C.B.Clarke. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000549019. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Perennial with annual aerial parts. This species is often confused with S. nutans from which it is distinguished by its soboles, its abbreviated rhizome, its basally congested leaves and by the presence of bulliform translucent cells subjacent to the adaxial epidermis in the intercostal regions.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Perennial with two different kinds of propagative stems. Rhizome little more than the connective between ± contiguous culm bases; scales castaneous. Soboles sometimes produced from culm-bases, soft, terete, 10 mm long, with collateral vascular bundles. Culms solitary or clustered, 0.25-0.70 m tall, villous. Leaves 2-3 mm broad, usually villous, mostly crowded towards base of culm; mouths of sheaths truncate or concave, densely villous. Inflorescence unbranched, 40-180 mm long. Glomerules 4-15, of 1-7 reflexed sessile spikelets. Bracts glumiform, awned, densely black-hirsute, 6-7 mm long. Spikelets c. 6 mm long. Glumes densely blackish-hirsute, 2.5-4.5 mm long. Achene broadly ovoid to globose, 1.2-1.5 mm x 1 mm, glabrous, smooth, grey or grey-brown.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb, up to 0.7 m high. Leaves crowded towards base of culm. Plant sometimes with 1 or several soft, fleshy soboles arising from culm cluster. Inflorescence unbranched, with 4-15 clusters of 1-7 reflexed spikelets. Achene smooth. Glumes densely hairy, hairs purplish black, black in colour.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Occurring in open, perennially wet sandy areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Open, wet, sandy areas.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Known for FSA area from Transkei, Natal and Transvaal and widespread in east, central and west tropical Africa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Consp. Fl. Afric.
    • 2 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • D All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • E See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use