Scleria achtenii De Wild.
  • Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Scleria achtenii De Wild. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000548028. Accessed on: 17 Feb 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Perennial. S. achtenii is distinguished from S. unguiculata by its broader leaves, fewer lateral panicles, very faintly reticulate-lacunose, sparsely white-hirsute achenes and by its small trilobed hypogynium with the lobes often 2-3-fid. not unguiculate.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Lateral panicles pendulous on long slender peduncles

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    2–6 mm. wide leaves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennial up to 2 m. high with swollen stem-bases

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Perennial. Rhizome little more than the connective between ± contiguous culm bases or elongate with culms arising at intervals of up to 15 mm; scales reddish-brown. Culms 0.7-1.10 m tall, glabrescent or sparsely villous-hispidulous. Leaves 2.5-5 mm broad, villous on abaxial ribs and sheaths, glabrous adaxially and below mouths of sheaths; mouths convex with a membranous margin 1 mm long, the margin base villous. Inflorescence with terminal panicle up to 90 mm long, smaller lateral panicles single at 1-3 nodes exserted up to 180 mm from sheaths. Bracts foliaceous. Male spikelets sessile or shortly pedicillate, 7-9 mm long; glumes stramineous or reddish-striate, glabrous. Female glumes similar, shortly awned. Achenc obovoid to subglobose, 2.5-3 x 1.8-2 mm, hairy, lightly and obscurely lacunose, grey or brownish-grey, hairs white: hypogynium small with 3 acuminate, acute, or bifid lobes, white.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    By stream-sides and in marshy grasslands.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Occurring in open, perennially damp habitats.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    On coastbelt of Natal and in Mozambique, Zambia and Zaire.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972
    • 2 "Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 358 (1967)."
    • 3 E. A. Robinson in Kew Bull. 18: 534 (1966)
    • 4 "in Rev. Zool. Afr., Suppl. Bot. 14, 2: 16 (1926)"
    • 5 Hennessy, EF. 1985. The genus Scleria in southern Africa. Bothalia 15(3 & 4): 505 - 530.
    • 6 Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).