Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn.
  • Pl. Jav. Rar.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn. Published on the Internet; http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000540357. Accessed on: 17 Oct 2019'

Morphology

Berry globose, white, ± 5 mm. across.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds ± 2 mm. across.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fig. 19.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Sepals white, turning yellowish, orbicular, ± 5 mm. across, connate for 1–1.5 mm. at the base, the inner 3 more membranous and petaloid.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or 2–3 (rarely more) in a fascicle or short raceme, 8–10 mm. in diameter; pedicels ± 1 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary ellipsoid; stigma as wide as the ovary, persistent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Filaments 4–5 mm. long; anthers orbicular, 0.7 mm. across.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrub or generally a slender tree, up to 20 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blades narrowly elliptic to elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, or oblanceolate, apex subacute or obtuse, base cuneate, firmly chartaceous to subcoriaceous, often becoming bluish-green when dried, glabrous, serrate to serrulate, often entire towards the base, 3–8 cm. long, 1.2–2.8 cm. broad; lateral nerves 8–10 pairs, rather inconspicuous; petioles up to 3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Branchlets drooping, brown, longitudinally striate with a stronger line decurrent from a stipular cushion.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary, or in fascicles of 1–3 in the leaf axils; pedicels greenish, c. 1 cm. long with 1–3 minute, deltoid bracteoles c. 1 mm. long towards their bases.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina 3–8 x 1.2–2.75 cm., narrowly elliptic to elliptic or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or subacute, base cuneate, margins serrate or serrulate, often entire towards the base, lateral nerves in c. 10 pairs, inconspicuous; petiole up to c. 3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Glabrous, evergreen tree up to 14 m. tall; branchlets brown, longitudinally striate with a stronger line decurrent from a stipular cushion.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds c. 6, c. 2 mm. in diam., discoid with a glossy whitish testa.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens very numerous; filaments slender, 4–5 mm. long; anthers orbicular, c. 0.7 mm. in diam.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Sepals white turning yellowish, c. 5 x 5 mm., imbricate, orbicular, connate for 1–1.5 mm. at the base, the inner more membranous and petaloid, margins membranous and entire or denticulate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruit a white, fleshy berry with the stigma persistent at the apex.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ovary ellipsoid, and sometimes very shortly stipitate; stigma subsessile with a median furrow, irregularly sublobed, as wide or wider than the young ovary.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Tree or shrub up to 10 m high. Branchlets brown, longitudinally striate, with narrowly decurrent wings arising from outer extremities of stipular cushions, glabrous. Leaf-blade elliptic, 3-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, apex acuminate, acute or rounded, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, margin serrulate, often upper 2/3's only, lateral nerves about 10 pairs, inconspicuous, glabrous, chartaceous; petiole 2-4 mm long. Flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles of 1-3; pedicels greenish, up to 2 cm long, with trifid bracteoles up to 1.8 mm long. Sepals white, somewhat leathery, broadly elliptic to circular, concave, 2.5-3.5 mm diam., connate at base. Stamens: filaments 3 mm long, glabrous; anthers orbicular, 0.7 mm diam. Ovary ellipsoid, sometimes shortly stipitate, 3-4 mm long; stigma subsessile, peltate, with a median groove. Fruit a white, fleshy berry, c. 8 mm diam., with persistent stigma on top. Seeds several, subglobose-obovoid, somewhat compressed, 2.5-3 mm diam.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A widely distributed species occurring in Tanzania, Rhodesia, Mozambique, Transvaal, Swaziland, Natal, Madagascar, the Comoro and Mascarene Islands and Seychelles.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Synonyms

     Information From

    Aphloiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • F All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International